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Entry version 25 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 1 (16 Apr 2014)
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Protein

Tryptophan dimethylallyltransferase ifgA

Gene

ifgA

Organism
Penicillium roqueforti (strain FM164)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Tryptophan dimethylallyltransferase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of isofumigaclavines, fungal ergot alkaloids (PubMed:28620689).

The tryptophan dimethylallyltransferase ifgA catalyzes the first step of ergot alkaloid biosynthesis by condensing dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAP) and tryptophan to form 4-dimethylallyl-L-tryptophan (PubMed:28620689).

The second step is catalyzed by the methyltransferase ifgB that methylates 4-dimethylallyl-L-tryptophan in the presence of S-adenosyl-L-methionine, resulting in the formation of N-methyl-dimethylallyl-L-tryptophan (PubMed:28620689).

The catalase ifgD and the FAD-dependent oxidoreductase ifgC then transform N-methyl-dimethylallyl-L-tryptophan to chanoclavine-I which is further oxidized by ifgE in the presence of NAD+, resulting in the formation of chanoclavine-I aldehyde (PubMed:28902217).

The chanoclavine-I aldehyde reductases ifgG and/or fgaOx3 reduce chanoclavine-I aldehyde to dihydrochanoclavine-I aldehyde that spontaneously dehydrates to form 6,8-dimethyl-6,7-didehydroergoline (PubMed:28620689, PubMed:28902217).

The festuclavine dehydrogenases ifgF1 and/or ifgF2 then catalyze the reduction of 6,8-dimethyl-6,7-didehydroergoline to form festuclavine (PubMed:28620689).

Hydrolysis of festuclavine by a yet undetermined cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (called ifgH) then leads to the formation of isofumigaclavine B which is in turn acetylated by ifgI to isofumigaclavine A (PubMed:28620689).

Penicillium roqueforti has interestingly at least two sets of genes for the consumption of chanoclavine-I aldehyde on three different loci, the OYEs ifgG/fgaOx3 and the festuclavine synthase homologs ifgF1/ifgF2 (PubMed:28620689, PubMed:28902217).

The reason for the duplication of these genes is unclear, probably to ensure the conversion of chanoclavine-I aldehyde by differential gene expression under various environmental conditions (PubMed:28902217).

2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: ergot alkaloid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway ergot alkaloid biosynthesis, which is part of Alkaloid biosynthesis.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway ergot alkaloid biosynthesis and in Alkaloid biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei92L-tryptophanBy similarity1
Binding sitei103SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei189SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei191SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei193L-tryptophanBy similarity1
Binding sitei246L-tryptophanBy similarity1
Binding sitei259SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei261SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei263SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei345SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei347SubstrateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase
Biological processAlkaloid metabolism

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00327

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tryptophan dimethylallyltransferase ifgA1 Publication (EC:2.5.1.34By similarity)
Alternative name(s):
4-dimethylallyltryptophan synthase1 Publication
Short name:
DMATS1 Publication
All-trans-hexaprenyl-diphosphate synthaseCurated
Isofumigaclavine biosynthesis cluster A protein A1 Publication
L-tryptophan dimethylallyl transferaseCurated
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ifgA1 Publication
ORF Names:PROQFM164_S05g000511
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPenicillium roqueforti (strain FM164)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri1365484 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaEurotiomycetesEurotiomycetidaeEurotialesAspergillaceaePenicillium
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000030686 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Does not affect the production of roquefortine C but impairs the production of isofumigaclavines A and B (PubMed:28620689).1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004445361 – 462Tryptophan dimethylallyltransferase ifgAAdd BLAST462

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
W6QIM8

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni83 – 84L-tryptophan bindingBy similarity2

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1531660at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd13929, PT-DMATS_CymD, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR033964, Aro_prenylTrfase
IPR017795, Aro_prenylTrfase_DMATS
IPR012148, DMATS-type_fun

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR40627, PTHR40627, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF11991, Trp_DMAT, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000509, Trp_DMAT, 1 hit

Structure-Function Linkage Database

More...
SFLDi
SFLDS00036, Aromatic_Prenyltransferase, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR03429, arom_pren_DMATS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

W6QIM8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGSIEPPNAS SCLVYQTITE FADFPDHDQK LWWHSTAPMF AEMLKVAGYD
60 70 80 90 100
IHSRYKALGL YQKFIIPFLG VYPTKTNDRW LSILTRYGTP FELSLNCTHS
110 120 130 140 150
VVRYTFEPIN AATGSLKDPF NTHAIWDALD TLIPLQKGID LEFFAHLKRD
160 170 180 190 200
LTVNDQDTAY LLEKKKVGGQ IRTQNKLALD LKGGEFVLKA YIYPALKSLA
210 220 230 240 250
TGKPVQELMF DSVHRLSHQY PTLAAPLRKL EEYVHSRGTS STASPRLISC
260 270 280 290 300
DLCDPRQSRI KIYLLELNVS LESMEDLWTL GGRRNDTQTL AGLEMIRELW
310 320 330 340 350
DLINLPTGIL SYPEPYLKLG EVPNEQLPLM ANYTLHHDDP MPEPQVYFTT
360 370 380 390 400
FGMNDGRVTD GLATFFRRHG YTHMLQTYRD SLRAYYPHVD HDTVNYLHAY
410 420 430 440 450
ISFSYRKGSP YLSVYLQSFE TGDWPISSFG APILEPVSKK MCRGHPVSFE
460
VPLTKQQVVA SE
Length:462
Mass (Da):52,735
Last modified:April 16, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i22FE1DC592055791
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
HG792019 Genomic DNA Translation: CDM36678.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
CDM36678; CDM36678; PROQFM164_S05g000511

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
HG792019 Genomic DNA Translation: CDM36678.1

3D structure databases

SMRiW6QIM8
ModBaseiSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiCDM36678; CDM36678; PROQFM164_S05g000511

Phylogenomic databases

OrthoDBi1531660at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00327

Family and domain databases

CDDicd13929, PT-DMATS_CymD, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR033964, Aro_prenylTrfase
IPR017795, Aro_prenylTrfase_DMATS
IPR012148, DMATS-type_fun
PANTHERiPTHR40627, PTHR40627, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF11991, Trp_DMAT, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000509, Trp_DMAT, 1 hit
SFLDiSFLDS00036, Aromatic_Prenyltransferase, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03429, arom_pren_DMATS, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiIFGA_PENRF
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: W6QIM8
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 20, 2018
Last sequence update: April 16, 2014
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 25 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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