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Entry version 21 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (19 Feb 2014)
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Protein

Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase-like protein AKT4-1

Gene

AKT4-1

Organism
Alternaria alternata (Alternaria rot fungus) (Torula alternata)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase-like protein; part of the gene clusters that mediate the biosynthesis of the host-selective toxins (HSTs) AK-toxins responsible for Japanese pear black spot disease by the Japanese pear pathotype (PubMed:24611558). AK-toxins are esters of 9,10-epoxy 8-hydroxy 9-methyldecatrienoic acid (EDA) (PubMed:22846083). On cellular level, AK-toxins affect plasma membrane of susceptible cells and cause a sudden increase in loss of K+ after a few minutes of toxin treatment (PubMed:22846083). The acyl-CoA ligase AKT1, the hydrolase AKT2 and enoyl-CoA hydratase AKT3 are all involved in the biosynthesis of the AK-, AF- and ACT-toxin common 9,10-epoxy-8-hydroxy-9-methyl-decatrienoic acid (EDA) structural moiety (PubMed:10432635, PubMed:10975654, PubMed:22846083). Part of the EDA biosynthesis occurs in the peroxisome since these 3 enzymes are localized in peroxisomes (PubMed:20348386). The exact roles of the 3 enzymes, as well as of additional AK-toxin clusters enzymes, including AKT4, AKT6 and AKTS1, have still to be elucidated (PubMed:10432635, PubMed:10975654, PubMed:22846083). The Cytochrome P450 monooxygenase AKT7 on the other side functions to limit production of EDA and AK-toxin, probably via the catalysis of a side reaction of EDA or its precursor (PubMed:24611558).1 Publication4 Publications

Miscellaneous

Gene clusters encoding host-selective toxins (HSTs) are localized on conditionally dispensable chromosomes (CDCs), also called supernumerary chromosomes, where they are present in multiple copies (PubMed:10975654). The CDCs are not essential for saprophytic growth but controls host-selective pathogenicity (PubMed:10975654).1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: Mycotoxin biosynthesis

This protein is involved in Mycotoxin biosynthesis.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in Mycotoxin biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase-like protein AKT4-1Curated (EC:2.3.3.-Curated)
Alternative name(s):
AK-toxin biosynthesis protein 4-11 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:AKT4-11 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiAlternaria alternata (Alternaria rot fungus) (Torula alternata)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri5599 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaDothideomycetesPleosporomycetidaePleosporalesPleosporineaePleosporaceaeAlternariaAlternaria sect. AlternariaAlternaria alternata complex

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004448681 – 423Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase-like protein AKT4-1Add BLAST423

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
3.40.47.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000590 HMG_CoA_synt_AS
IPR013746 HMG_CoA_synt_C_dom
IPR013528 HMG_CoA_synth_N
IPR010122 HMG_CoA_synthase_euk
IPR016039 Thiolase-like

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08540 HMG_CoA_synt_C, 1 hit
PF01154 HMG_CoA_synt_N, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53901 SSF53901, 2 hits

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

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TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01833 HMG-CoA-S_euk, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

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PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01226 HMG_COA_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

V5XYR2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSFCDDREGQ RALRILQARL IRSPDACSFA LTAVSSLLRK YSIDPRRIGR
60 70 80 90 100
LEVGTESLVD KSKSIKSFVM QLFEESGNFD IEGVDTVNAC YGGTNALFNA
110 120 130 140 150
VNWVESSAWD GRDAIVVASD ISLYGKGNAR PTGGAGCVAM LVGPDAPIAF
160 170 180 190 200
EPGRRGSYMA HTYDFYKPDF TTEYPYINGK HSIECYIQAV EACYRAYTKR
210 220 230 240 250
ERRATERLEE ERPDHQAGYE TPLDRFDYLC FHSPTNKLVS KSYARLLYVD
260 270 280 290 300
YLENPANPIF AEVPDSIREV EYRASLTDKS IEKTFMGLAQ ERFARCVQPS
310 320 330 340 350
TEIPNMCGNM YSASVYGSLC SLLCNVNSET LLGKRITIFS YGSGLASSMF
360 370 380 390 400
SLKVRGSTKQ MAEKLDVHRR LVDRVVVSPE DVRERAYLKK CFKPKGGAGP
410 420
IPADVYSLAE VDELFRRVYT VKS
Length:423
Mass (Da):47,372
Last modified:February 19, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i349FE6B860F0F9C5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

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DDBJi
Links Updated
AB872927 Genomic DNA Translation: BAO10625.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB872927 Genomic DNA Translation: BAO10625.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

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SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.47.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000590 HMG_CoA_synt_AS
IPR013746 HMG_CoA_synt_C_dom
IPR013528 HMG_CoA_synth_N
IPR010122 HMG_CoA_synthase_euk
IPR016039 Thiolase-like
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08540 HMG_CoA_synt_C, 1 hit
PF01154 HMG_CoA_synt_N, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53901 SSF53901, 2 hits
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01833 HMG-CoA-S_euk, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01226 HMG_COA_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiAKT41_ALTAL
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: V5XYR2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 18, 2018
Last sequence update: February 19, 2014
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 21 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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