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Protein

DNA polymerase eta

Gene

POLH

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

DNA polymerase specifically involved in the DNA repair by translesion synthesis (TLS) (PubMed:10385124, PubMed:11743006, PubMed:24449906). Due to low processivity on both damaged and normal DNA, cooperates with the heterotetrameric (REV3L, REV7, POLD2 and POLD3) POLZ complex for complete bypass of DNA lesions. Inserts one or 2 nucleotide(s) opposite the lesion, the primer is further extended by the tetrameric POLZ complex. In the case of 1,2-intrastrand d(GpG)-cisplatin cross-link, inserts dCTP opposite the 3' guanine (PubMed:24449906). Particularly important for the repair of UV-induced pyrimidine dimers (PubMed:10385124, PubMed:11743006). Although inserts the correct base, may cause base transitions and transversions depending upon the context. May play a role in hypermutation at immunoglobulin genes (PubMed:11376341, PubMed:14734526). Forms a Schiff base with 5'-deoxyribose phosphate at abasic sites, but does not have any lyase activity, preventing the release of the 5'-deoxyribose phosphate (5'-dRP) residue. This covalent trapping of the enzyme by the 5'-dRP residue inhibits its DNA synthetic activity during base excision repair, thereby avoiding high incidence of mutagenesis (PubMed:14630940). Targets POLI to replication foci (PubMed:12606586).7 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+, Mn2+Note: Divalent metal cations. Prefers Mg2+, but can also use Mn2+.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi13MagnesiumPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Metal bindingi115MagnesiumPROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • damaged DNA binding Source: ProtInc
  • DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity Source: GO_Central
  • metal ion binding Source: UniProtKB-KW

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding, DNA-directed DNA polymerase, Mutator protein, Nucleotidyltransferase, Transferase
Biological processDNA damage, DNA repair, DNA replication, DNA synthesis
LigandMagnesium, Metal-binding, Schiff base

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

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BRENDAi
2.7.7.7 2681

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

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Reactomei
R-HSA-110320 Translesion Synthesis by POLH
R-HSA-5656169 Termination of translesion DNA synthesis
R-HSA-5685942 HDR through Homologous Recombination (HRR)

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
Q9Y253

SIGNOR Signaling Network Open Resource

More...
SIGNORi
Q9Y253

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
DNA polymerase eta (EC:2.7.7.7)
Alternative name(s):
RAD30 homolog A
Xeroderma pigmentosum variant type protein
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:POLH
Synonyms:RAD30, RAD30A, XPV
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 6

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

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EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000170734.11

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

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HGNCi
HGNC:9181 POLH

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

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MIMi
603968 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

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neXtProti
NX_Q9Y253

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section provides information on the disease(s) associated with genetic variations in a given protein. The information is extracted from the scientific literature and diseases that are also described in the <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=omim">OMIM</a> database are represented with a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/diseases">controlled vocabulary</a> in the following way:<p><a href='/help/involvement_in_disease' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Involvement in diseasei

Xeroderma pigmentosum variant type (XPV)6 Publications
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionAn autosomal recessive pigmentary skin disorder characterized by solar hypersensitivity of the skin, high predisposition for developing cancers on areas exposed to sunlight and, in some cases, neurological abnormalities. XPV shows normal nucleotide excision repair, but an exaggerated delay in recovery of replicative DNA synthesis. Most patients with the variant type of xeroderma pigmentosum do not develop clinical symptoms and skin neoplasias until a later age. Clinical manifestations are limited to photo-induced deterioration of the skin and eyes.
See also OMIM:278750
Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_07083537Missing in XPV. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_02122675Missing in XPV; impairs translesion synthesis. 2 Publications1
Natural variantiVAR_07083693R → P in XPV. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs756931657Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_021227111R → H in XPV. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs758423288Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_021228122T → P in XPV. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_021230263G → V in XPV; impairs translesion synthesis. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_070837266V → D in XPV. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_070838295G → R in XPV. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_021232361R → S in XPV. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_021234535K → E in XPV. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs56307355EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_021236589K → T in XPV. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs121908565EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_070839692T → A in XPV. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs199562456Ensembl.1

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi52Y → A or F: Reduces DNA polymerase activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi52Y → E: Reduces DNA polymerase activity. Increases fidelity of replication and reduces translesion bypass. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi62S → G: Increased DNA polymerase activity and translesion bypass compared to wild-type. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi68A → S or V: Severe reduction in thymine dimer translesion bypass. 1 Publication1

Keywords - Diseasei

Disease mutation, Xeroderma pigmentosum

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

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DisGeNETi
5429

GeneReviews a resource of expert-authored, peer-reviewed disease descriptions.

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GeneReviewsi
POLH

MalaCards human disease database

More...
MalaCardsi
POLH
MIMi278750 phenotype

Open Targets

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OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000170734

Orphanet; a database dedicated to information on rare diseases and orphan drugs

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Orphaneti
90342 Xeroderma pigmentosum variant

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

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PharmGKBi
PA279

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

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ChEMBLi
CHEMBL5542

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
POLH

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
59798441

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001739861 – 713DNA polymerase etaAdd BLAST713

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes <strong>covalent linkages</strong> of various types formed <strong>between two proteins (interchain cross-links)</strong> or <strong>between two parts of the same protein (intrachain cross-links)</strong>, except the disulfide bonds that are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/disulfid">'Disulfide bond'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/crosslnk' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-linki682Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)1 Publication
Cross-linki686Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)1 Publication
Cross-linki694Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)1 Publication
Cross-linki709Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Monoubiquitinated by RCHY1/PIRH2; ubiquitination inhibits the ability of PolH to interact with PCNA and to bypass UV-induced lesions.2 Publications

Keywords - PTMi

Isopeptide bond, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

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EPDi
Q9Y253

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

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PaxDbi
Q9Y253

PeptideAtlas

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PeptideAtlasi
Q9Y253

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

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PRIDEi
Q9Y253

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

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ProteomicsDBi
85655
85656 [Q9Y253-2]

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

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iPTMneti
Q9Y253

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

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PhosphoSitePlusi
Q9Y253

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

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Bgeei
ENSG00000170734 Expressed in 239 organ(s), highest expression level in buccal mucosa cell

CleanEx database of gene expression profiles

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CleanExi
HS_POLH

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

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ExpressionAtlasi
Q9Y253 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

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Genevisiblei
Q9Y253 HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

More...
HPAi
HPA006721
HPA026762

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with REV1 (By similarity). Interacts with monoubiquitinated PCNA, but not unmodified PCNA (PubMed:15149598). Interacts with POLI; this interaction targets POLI to the replication machinery (PubMed:12606586). Interacts with PALB2 and BRCA2; the interactions are direct and are required to sustain the recruitment of POLH at blocked replication forks and to stimulate POLH-dependent DNA synthesis on D loop substrates (PubMed:24485656).By similarity3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

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BioGridi
111425, 42 interactors

CORUM comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes

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CORUMi
Q9Y253

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
Q9Y253, 17 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

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MINTi
Q9Y253

STRING: functional protein association networks

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STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000361310

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

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BindingDBi
Q9Y253

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1713
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

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ProteinModelPortali
Q9Y253

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q9Y253

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

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EvolutionaryTracei
Q9Y253

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini9 – 259UmuCPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST251

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The catalytic core consists of fingers, palm and thumb subdomains, but the fingers and thumb subdomains are much smaller than in high-fidelity polymerases; residues from five sequence motifs of the Y-family cluster around an active site cleft that can accommodate DNA and nucleotide substrates with relaxed geometric constraints, with consequently higher rates of misincorporation and low processivity.

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the DNA polymerase type-Y family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
KOG2095 Eukaryota
COG0389 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

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GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000157048

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
HOG000115605

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

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HOVERGENi
HBG053633

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
Q9Y253

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K03509

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
PVWEMPE

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
EOG091G04Z9

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

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PhylomeDBi
Q9Y253

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

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TreeFami
TF103010

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
3.30.1490.100, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036775 DNA_pol_Y-fam_lit_finger_sf
IPR017961 DNA_pol_Y-fam_little_finger
IPR001126 UmuC

Pfam protein domain database

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Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00817 IMS, 1 hit
PF11799 IMS_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

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SUPFAMi
SSF100879 SSF100879, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

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PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50173 UMUC, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

This entry has 2 described isoforms and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform 1 (identifier: Q9Y253-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MATGQDRVVA LVDMDCFFVQ VEQRQNPHLR NKPCAVVQYK SWKGGGIIAV
60 70 80 90 100
SYEARAFGVT RSMWADDAKK LCPDLLLAQV RESRGKANLT KYREASVEVM
110 120 130 140 150
EIMSRFAVIE RASIDEAYVD LTSAVQERLQ KLQGQPISAD LLPSTYIEGL
160 170 180 190 200
PQGPTTAEET VQKEGMRKQG LFQWLDSLQI DNLTSPDLQL TVGAVIVEEM
210 220 230 240 250
RAAIERETGF QCSAGISHNK VLAKLACGLN KPNRQTLVSH GSVPQLFSQM
260 270 280 290 300
PIRKIRSLGG KLGASVIEIL GIEYMGELTQ FTESQLQSHF GEKNGSWLYA
310 320 330 340 350
MCRGIEHDPV KPRQLPKTIG CSKNFPGKTA LATREQVQWW LLQLAQELEE
360 370 380 390 400
RLTKDRNDND RVATQLVVSI RVQGDKRLSS LRRCCALTRY DAHKMSHDAF
410 420 430 440 450
TVIKNCNTSG IQTEWSPPLT MLFLCATKFS ASAPSSSTDI TSFLSSDPSS
460 470 480 490 500
LPKVPVTSSE AKTQGSGPAV TATKKATTSL ESFFQKAAER QKVKEASLSS
510 520 530 540 550
LTAPTQAPMS NSPSKPSLPF QTSQSTGTEP FFKQKSLLLK QKQLNNSSVS
560 570 580 590 600
SPQQNPWSNC KALPNSLPTE YPGCVPVCEG VSKLEESSKA TPAEMDLAHN
610 620 630 640 650
SQSMHASSAS KSVLEVTQKA TPNPSLLAAE DQVPCEKCGS LVPVWDMPEH
660 670 680 690 700
MDYHFALELQ KSFLQPHSSN PQVVSAVSHQ GKRNPKSPLA CTNKRPRPEG
710
MQTLESFFKP LTH
Length:713
Mass (Da):78,413
Last modified:November 1, 1999 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i6D1D35A0F56ECE89
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q9Y253-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     415-713: Missing.

Note: No experimental confirmation available.
Show »
Length:414
Mass (Da):46,283
Checksum:i9ABB24D0511A45EB
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q5JTF2Q5JTF2_HUMAN
DNA polymerase eta
POLH
71Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_07083537Missing in XPV. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_02122675Missing in XPV; impairs translesion synthesis. 2 Publications1
Natural variantiVAR_07083693R → P in XPV. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs756931657Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_021227111R → H in XPV. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs758423288Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_021228122T → P in XPV. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_036220153G → D in a breast cancer sample; somatic mutation. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs367709714Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_021229209G → V1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2307456EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_021230263G → V in XPV; impairs translesion synthesis. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_070837266V → D in XPV. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_070838295G → R in XPV. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_021231334R → W1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs9333548Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_021232361R → S in XPV. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_021233478T → M1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs9296419Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_021234535K → E in XPV. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs56307355EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_021235584L → P1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs9333554Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_021236589K → T in XPV. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs121908565EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_021237595M → V1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs9333555EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_021238647M → L1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs6941583EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_070839692T → A in XPV. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs199562456Ensembl.1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting. The information stored in this subsection is used to automatically construct alternative protein sequence(s) for display.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_012799415 – 713Missing in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST299

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB024313 mRNA Translation: BAA81666.1
AF158185 mRNA Translation: AAD43810.1
AB038008 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB18601.1
AY388614 Genomic DNA Translation: AAQ81300.1
AL353602 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AL355802 Genomic DNA No translation available.
BC015742 mRNA Translation: AAH15742.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS4902.1 [Q9Y253-1]
CCDS78147.1 [Q9Y253-2]

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001278899.1, NM_001291970.1 [Q9Y253-2]
NP_006493.1, NM_006502.2 [Q9Y253-1]

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Hs.655467

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000372226; ENSP00000361300; ENSG00000170734 [Q9Y253-2]
ENST00000372236; ENSP00000361310; ENSG00000170734 [Q9Y253-1]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
5429

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:5429

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc003ovq.5 human [Q9Y253-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/cross_references_section">Cross-references</a> section provides links to various web resources that are relevant for a specific protein.<p><a href='/help/web_resource' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Web resourcesi

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
NIEHS-SNPs

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB024313 mRNA Translation: BAA81666.1
AF158185 mRNA Translation: AAD43810.1
AB038008 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB18601.1
AY388614 Genomic DNA Translation: AAQ81300.1
AL353602 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AL355802 Genomic DNA No translation available.
BC015742 mRNA Translation: AAH15742.1
CCDSiCCDS4902.1 [Q9Y253-1]
CCDS78147.1 [Q9Y253-2]
RefSeqiNP_001278899.1, NM_001291970.1 [Q9Y253-2]
NP_006493.1, NM_006502.2 [Q9Y253-1]
UniGeneiHs.655467

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
2I5ONMR-A628-662[»]
2LSKNMR-B524-539[»]
3JAAelectron microscopy22.00A1-432[»]
3MR2X-ray1.83A1-432[»]
3MR3X-ray1.75A1-432[»]
3MR5X-ray1.80A1-432[»]
3MR6X-ray1.90A1-432[»]
3SI8X-ray2.15A1-432[»]
3TQ1X-ray2.56A1-432[»]
3WUPX-ray1.60A630-665[»]
4DL2X-ray2.15A1-432[»]
4DL3X-ray2.10A1-432[»]
4DL4X-ray2.00A1-432[»]
4DL5X-ray2.92A1-432[»]
4DL6X-ray2.50A1-432[»]
4DL7X-ray1.97A1-432[»]
4ECQX-ray1.50A1-432[»]
4ECRX-ray1.89A1-432[»]
4ECSX-ray1.95A1-432[»]
4ECTX-ray1.80A1-432[»]
4ECUX-ray1.95A1-432[»]
4ECVX-ray1.52A1-432[»]
4ECWX-ray1.90A1-432[»]
4ECXX-ray1.74A1-432[»]
4ECYX-ray1.94A1-432[»]
4ECZX-ray1.83A1-432[»]
4ED0X-ray1.65A1-432[»]
4ED1X-ray1.81A1-432[»]
4ED2X-ray1.71A1-432[»]
4ED3X-ray1.79A1-432[»]
4ED6X-ray2.21A1-432[»]
4ED7X-ray1.72A1-432[»]
4ED8X-ray1.52A1-432[»]
4EEYX-ray2.32A1-432[»]
4J9KX-ray2.03A1-432[»]
4J9LX-ray1.85A1-432[»]
4J9MX-ray2.25A1-432[»]
4J9NX-ray1.96A1-432[»]
4J9OX-ray2.60A1-432[»]
4J9PX-ray2.30A1-432[»]
4J9QX-ray1.96A1-432[»]
4J9RX-ray2.35A1-432[»]
4J9SX-ray1.95A1-432[»]
4O3NX-ray1.58A1-432[»]
4O3OX-ray1.70A1-432[»]
4O3PX-ray1.72A1-432[»]
4O3QX-ray1.72A1-432[»]
4O3RX-ray1.62A1-432[»]
4O3SX-ray1.72A1-432[»]
4Q8EX-ray1.55A1-432[»]
4Q8FX-ray2.80A1-432[»]
4RNMX-ray2.14A1-432[»]
4RNNX-ray1.81A1-432[»]
4RNOX-ray2.82A1-432[»]
4RU9X-ray2.65A1-432[»]
4YP3X-ray1.89A1-432[»]
4YQWX-ray2.06A1-432[»]
4YR0X-ray1.78A1-432[»]
4YR2X-ray1.95A1-432[»]
4YR3X-ray2.00A1-432[»]
5DG7X-ray2.26A1-432[»]
5DG8X-ray2.12A1-432[»]
5DG9X-ray2.15A1-432[»]
5DGAX-ray2.30A1-432[»]
5DGBX-ray1.79A1-432[»]
5DLFX-ray1.97A1-432[»]
5DLGX-ray2.35A1-432[»]
5DQGX-ray2.29A1-432[»]
5DQHX-ray1.99A1-432[»]
5DQIX-ray2.30A1-432[»]
5EWEX-ray1.66A1-432[»]
5EWFX-ray1.78A1-432[»]
5EWGX-ray1.75A1-432[»]
5F9LX-ray2.59A1-432[»]
5F9NX-ray2.23A1-432[»]
5JUMX-ray2.60A1-432[»]
5KFAX-ray1.51A1-432[»]
5KFBX-ray1.55A1-432[»]
5KFCX-ray1.50A1-432[»]
5KFDX-ray1.65A1-432[»]
5KFEX-ray1.55A1-432[»]
5KFFX-ray1.70A1-432[»]
5KFGX-ray1.55A1-432[»]
5KFHX-ray1.72A1-432[»]
5KFIX-ray1.65A1-432[»]
5KFJX-ray1.70A1-432[»]
5KFKX-ray1.70A1-432[»]
5KFLX-ray1.65A1-432[»]
5KFMX-ray1.60A1-432[»]
5KFNX-ray1.45A1-432[»]
5KFOX-ray1.52A1-432[»]
5KFPX-ray1.70A1-432[»]
5KFQX-ray1.55A1-432[»]
5KFRX-ray1.75A1-432[»]
5KFSX-ray1.46A1-432[»]
5KFTX-ray1.52A1-432[»]
5KFUX-ray1.55A1-432[»]
5KFVX-ray1.60A1-432[»]
5KFWX-ray1.62A1-432[»]
5KFXX-ray1.52A1-432[»]
5KFYX-ray1.70A1-432[»]
5KFZX-ray1.44A1-432[»]
5KG0X-ray1.60A1-432[»]
5KG1X-ray1.62A1-432[»]
5KG2X-ray1.60A1-432[»]
5KG3X-ray1.70A1-432[»]
5KG4X-ray1.60A1-432[»]
5KG5X-ray1.60A1-432[»]
5KG6X-ray1.55A1-432[»]
5KG7X-ray1.75A1-432[»]
5L1IX-ray2.78A1-432[»]
5L1JX-ray1.94A1-432[»]
5L1KX-ray1.82A1-432[»]
5L1LX-ray1.62A1-432[»]
5L9XX-ray1.90A1-432[»]
6D0MX-ray1.83A1-432[»]
6D0ZX-ray1.75A1-432[»]
6M7OX-ray3.00A1-432[»]
6M7PX-ray1.75A1-432[»]
6M7TX-ray2.80A1-432[»]
6M7UX-ray3.40A1-432[»]
6M7VX-ray3.06A1-432[»]
ProteinModelPortaliQ9Y253
SMRiQ9Y253
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi111425, 42 interactors
CORUMiQ9Y253
IntActiQ9Y253, 17 interactors
MINTiQ9Y253
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000361310

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ9Y253
ChEMBLiCHEMBL5542

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ9Y253
PhosphoSitePlusiQ9Y253

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiPOLH
DMDMi59798441

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ9Y253
PaxDbiQ9Y253
PeptideAtlasiQ9Y253
PRIDEiQ9Y253
ProteomicsDBi85655
85656 [Q9Y253-2]

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000372226; ENSP00000361300; ENSG00000170734 [Q9Y253-2]
ENST00000372236; ENSP00000361310; ENSG00000170734 [Q9Y253-1]
GeneIDi5429
KEGGihsa:5429
UCSCiuc003ovq.5 human [Q9Y253-1]

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
5429
DisGeNETi5429
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000170734.11

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
POLH
GeneReviewsiPOLH
HGNCiHGNC:9181 POLH
HPAiHPA006721
HPA026762
MalaCardsiPOLH
MIMi278750 phenotype
603968 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q9Y253
OpenTargetsiENSG00000170734
Orphaneti90342 Xeroderma pigmentosum variant
PharmGKBiPA279

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2095 Eukaryota
COG0389 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000157048
HOGENOMiHOG000115605
HOVERGENiHBG053633
InParanoidiQ9Y253
KOiK03509
OMAiPVWEMPE
OrthoDBiEOG091G04Z9
PhylomeDBiQ9Y253
TreeFamiTF103010

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi2.7.7.7 2681
ReactomeiR-HSA-110320 Translesion Synthesis by POLH
R-HSA-5656169 Termination of translesion DNA synthesis
R-HSA-5685942 HDR through Homologous Recombination (HRR)
SABIO-RKiQ9Y253
SIGNORiQ9Y253

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
POLH human
EvolutionaryTraceiQ9Y253

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

More...
GeneWikii
DNA_polymerase_eta

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
5429

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9Y253

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000170734 Expressed in 239 organ(s), highest expression level in buccal mucosa cell
CleanExiHS_POLH
ExpressionAtlasiQ9Y253 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ9Y253 HS

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.1490.100, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036775 DNA_pol_Y-fam_lit_finger_sf
IPR017961 DNA_pol_Y-fam_little_finger
IPR001126 UmuC
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00817 IMS, 1 hit
PF11799 IMS_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF100879 SSF100879, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50173 UMUC, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPOLH_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9Y253
Secondary accession number(s): Q7L8E3, Q96BC4, Q9BX13
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 15, 2005
Last sequence update: November 1, 1999
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 163 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Human chromosome 6
    Human chromosome 6: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  4. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  5. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  6. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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