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Protein

Phospholipid-transporting ATPase 3

Gene

ALA3

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Involved in transport of phospholipids. Contributes to transmembrane flipping of lipids. Required for secretory processes during plant development. Requires an interaction with an ALIS protein for activity. Has activity with phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, but not with lysolipid (PubMed:18344284, PubMed:19566596, PubMed:20053675). Modifies endomembranes in multiple cell types, enabling structural changes, or signaling functions that are critical for normal development and adaptation to varied growth environments (PubMed:23667493).4 Publications

Miscellaneous

The intracellular targeting signals and lipid specificity determinants reside in the catalytic ALA subunit.1 Publication

Catalytic activityi

ATP + H2O + phospholipid(Side 1) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Side 2).1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Active sitei4134-aspartylphosphate intermediateBy similarity1
Metal bindingi845MagnesiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi849MagnesiumBy similarity1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • Golgi vesicle budding Source: TAIR
  • root development Source: TAIR
  • shoot system development Source: TAIR

Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase
LigandATP-binding, Magnesium, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciARA:AT1G59820-MONOMER
BRENDAi3.6.99.B1 399
ReactomeiR-ATH-6798695 Neutrophil degranulation
R-ATH-936837 Ion transport by P-type ATPases

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi3.A.3.8.6 the p-type atpase (p-atpase) superfamily

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Phospholipid-transporting ATPase 31 Publication (EC:3.6.3.11 Publication)
Short name:
AtALA31 Publication
Alternative name(s):
Aminophospholipid ATPase 31 Publication
Aminophospholipid flippase 31 Publication
Protein IRREGULAR TRICHOME BRANCH 21 Publication
Gene namesi
Name:ALA31 Publication
Synonyms:ITB21 Publication
Ordered Locus Names:At1g59820Imported
ORF Names:F23H11.14Imported
OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT1G59820
TAIRilocus:2025961 AT1G59820

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Topological domaini1 – 67CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST67
Transmembranei68 – 89HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini90 – 93ExtracellularSequence analysis4
Transmembranei94 – 116HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini117 – 297CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST181
Transmembranei298 – 319HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini320 – 346ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST27
Transmembranei347 – 364HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST18
Topological domaini365 – 900CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST536
Transmembranei901 – 920HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST20
Topological domaini921 – 934ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST14
Transmembranei935 – 954HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST20
Topological domaini955 – 984CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST30
Transmembranei985 – 1006HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini1007 – 1013ExtracellularSequence analysis7
Transmembranei1014 – 1036HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini1037 – 1042CytoplasmicSequence analysis6
Transmembranei1043 – 1063HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini1064 – 1076ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST13
Transmembranei1077 – 1087HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST11
Topological domaini1088 – 1213CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST126

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, Membrane

Pathology & Biotechi

Disruption phenotypei

Impaired growth of roots and shoots (PubMed:18344284, PubMed:23667493). Roots devoided of the characteristic trans-Golgi proliferation of slime vesicles containing polysaccharides and enzymes for secretion (PubMed:18344284). Aberrant trichome expansion, reduced primary root growth and longer root hairs (PubMed:19566596). Impaired pollen growth (PubMed:19566596, PubMed:23667493). Impaired ovule development (PubMed:23667493). Reduced adaptability to temperature stresses (PubMed:23667493).3 Publications

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Mutagenesisi413D → A: Loss of internalization of phospholipids. 1 Publication1

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00000463871 – 1213Phospholipid-transporting ATPase 3Add BLAST1213

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9XIE6
PRIDEiQ9XIE6

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ9XIE6

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Expressed in petals and sepals, but not in reproductive tissues. In siliques, detected in the upper part of the seed pod and in the area between the seed pod and the stem, but not in developing seeds. Strong expression in vascular shoot tissues and in stomatal guard cells of young rosettes leaves. In roots, expressed in cells surrounding the xylem and in central and peripheral columella cells. Detected in developing and mature trichomes, roots, pollen and growing pollen tubes.2 Publications

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ9XIE6 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ9XIE6 AT

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Associates with ALIS1 to form a stable and active complex. Interacts with ALIS3 and ALIS5 in a heterologous system.2 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi27500, 1 interactor
STRINGi3702.AT1G59820.1

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9XIE6
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410ITKD Eukaryota
ENOG410XPYK LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000202528
InParanoidiQ9XIE6
KOiK14802
OMAiRMRKQRG
OrthoDBiEOG093600FE
PhylomeDBiQ9XIE6

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.1110.10, 1 hit
3.40.50.1000, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR023299 ATPase_P-typ_cyto_dom_N
IPR018303 ATPase_P-typ_P_site
IPR023298 ATPase_P-typ_TM_dom_sf
IPR008250 ATPase_P-typ_transduc_dom_A_sf
IPR036412 HAD-like_sf
IPR023214 HAD_sf
IPR006539 P-type_ATPase_IV
IPR032631 P-type_ATPase_N
IPR001757 P_typ_ATPase
IPR032630 P_typ_ATPase_c
PANTHERiPTHR24092 PTHR24092, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF16212 PhoLip_ATPase_C, 1 hit
PF16209 PhoLip_ATPase_N, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56784 SSF56784, 3 hits
SSF81653 SSF81653, 2 hits
SSF81660 SSF81660, 2 hits
SSF81665 SSF81665, 3 hits
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01652 ATPase-Plipid, 1 hit
TIGR01494 ATPase_P-type, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00154 ATPASE_E1_E2, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9XIE6-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MVRSGSFSVD SSATHQRTPS RTVTLGHIQP QAPTYRTVYC NDRESNQPVR
60 70 80 90 100
FKGNSISTTK YNVFTFLPKG LFEQFRRIAN IYFLGISCLS MTPISPVSPI
110 120 130 140 150
TNVAPLSMVL LVSLIKEAFE DWKRFQNDMS INNSTVEILQ DQQWVSIPWR
160 170 180 190 200
KLQVGDIVKI KKDGFFPADI LFMSSTNSDG ICYVETANLD GETNLKIRKA
210 220 230 240 250
LERTWDYLVP EKAYEFKGEI QCEQPNNSLY TFTGNLVVQK QTLPLSPDQL
260 270 280 290 300
LLRGCSLRNT EYIVGAVVFT GHETKVMMNA MNAPSKRSTL EKKLDKLIIT
310 320 330 340 350
IFCVLVTMCL IGAIGCSIVT DREDKYLGLH NSDWEYRNGL MIGFFTFFTL
360 370 380 390 400
VTLFSSIIPI SLYVSIEMIK FIQSTQFINR DLNMYHAETN TPASARTSNL
410 420 430 440 450
NEELGQVEYI FSDKTGTLTR NLMEFFKCSI GGVSYGCGVT EIEKGIAQRH
460 470 480 490 500
GLKVQEEQRS TGAIREKGFN FDDPRLMRGA WRNEPNPDLC KELFRCLAIC
510 520 530 540 550
HTVLPEGDES PEKIVYQAAS PDEAALVTAA KNFGFFFYRR TPTMVYVRES
560 570 580 590 600
HVEKMGKIQD VAYEILNVLE FNSTRKRQSV VCRFPDGRLV LYCKGADNVI
610 620 630 640 650
FERLANGMDD VRKVTREHLE HFGSSGLRTL CLAYKDLNPE TYDSWNEKFI
660 670 680 690 700
QAKSALRDRE KKLDEVAELI EKDLILIGST AIEDKLQEGV PTCIETLSRA
710 720 730 740 750
GIKIWVLTGD KMETAINIAY ACNLINNEMK QFVISSETDA IREAEERGDQ
760 770 780 790 800
VEIARVIKEE VKRELKKSLE EAQHSLHTVA GPKLSLVIDG KCLMYALDPS
810 820 830 840 850
LRVMLLSLSL NCTSVVCCRV SPLQKAQVTS LVRKGAQKIT LSIGDGANDV
860 870 880 890 900
SMIQAAHVGI GISGMEGMQA VMASDFAIAQ FRFLTDLLLV HGRWSYLRIC
910 920 930 940 950
KVVMYFFYKN LTFTLTQFWF TFRTGFSGQR FYDDWFQSLF NVVFTALPVI
960 970 980 990 1000
VLGLFEKDVS ASLSKRYPEL YREGIRNSFF KWRVVAVWAT SAVYQSLVCY
1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
LFVTTSSFGA VNSSGKVFGL WDVSTMVFTC LVIAVNVRIL LMSNSITRWH
1060 1070 1080 1090 1100
YITVGGSILA WLVFAFVYCG IMTPHDRNEN VYFVIYVLMS TFYFYFTLLL
1110 1120 1130 1140 1150
VPIVSLLGDF IFQGVERWFF PYDYQIVQEI HRHESDASKA DQLEVENELT
1160 1170 1180 1190 1200
PQEARSYAIS QLPRELSKHT GFAFDSPGYE SFFASQLGIY APQKAWDVAR
1210
RASMRSRPKV PKK
Length:1,213
Mass (Da):137,753
Last modified:February 28, 2003 - v2
Checksum:i938642DEFDA28B66
GO

Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAD39325 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous gene model prediction.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC007258 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD39325.1 Sequence problems.
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE33621.1
AY091777 mRNA Translation: AAM10325.1
PIRiC96622
RefSeqiNP_176191.1, NM_104675.3
UniGeneiAt.36777

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT1G59820.1; AT1G59820.1; AT1G59820
GeneIDi842275
GrameneiAT1G59820.1; AT1G59820.1; AT1G59820
KEGGiath:AT1G59820

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiALA3_ARATH
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9XIE6
Secondary accession number(s): Q8RWQ3
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 11, 2001
Last sequence update: February 28, 2003
Last modified: April 25, 2018
This is version 143 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

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