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Entry version 82 (02 Dec 2020)
Sequence version 4 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Intracellular exo-alpha-(1->5)-L-arabinofuranosidase

Gene

abfA

Organism
Geobacillus stearothermophilus (Bacillus stearothermophilus)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the degradation of arabinan and is a key enzyme in the complete degradation of the plant cell wall. Catalyzes the cleavage of terminal alpha-(1->5)-arabinofuranosyl bonds in different hemicellulosic homopolysaccharides (branched and debranched arabinans). It acts preferentially on aryl-alpha-L-arabinofuranosides, and is much less effective on aryl-beta-D-xylopyranosides.4 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Strongly inhibited by Hg2+.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

Apparently, AbfA can accommodate xylopyranose in the active site, but without the necessary distortion required for the efficient catalysis of six-membered rings. This explains in part its lower specificity towards the xylopyranosidic substrates (PubMed:14517232).
  1. KM=0.35 mM for 2,5-dinitro-arabinofuranosyl4 Publications
  2. KM=0.42 mM for p-nitrophenyl alpha-L-arabinofuranoside (pNP-Araf) (at 60 degrees Celsius and at pH 6)4 Publications
  3. KM=0.53 mM for 3,4-dinitro-arabinofuranosyl4 Publications
  4. KM=0.65 mM for 4-nitro-arabinofuranosyl4 Publications
  5. KM=4.4 mM for 3,4-dinitro-xylopyranosyl4 Publications
  6. KM=8 mM for 2,5-dinitro-xylopyranosyl4 Publications
  7. KM=15.3 mM for 2-nitro-xylopyranosyl4 Publications
  1. Vmax=749 µmol/min/mg enzyme (at 60 degrees Celsius and at pH 6)4 Publications

pH dependencei

Optimum pH is 5.5-6.0.4 Publications

Temperature dependencei

Optimum temperature is 70 degrees Celsius.4 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-arabinan degradation

This protein is involved in the pathway L-arabinan degradation, which is part of Glycan metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway L-arabinan degradation and in Glycan metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei29Substrate1
Binding sitei74Substrate; via amide nitrogen1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei175Proton donor/acceptor1
Binding sitei246Substrate1
Active sitei294Nucleophile1
Binding sitei294Substrate1
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections ('Function', 'PTM / Processing', 'Pathology and Biotech') according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei298Important for substrate recognitionCurated1
Binding sitei351SubstrateBy similarity1
Sitei351Important for substrate recognitionCurated1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionGlycosidase, Hydrolase
Biological processCarbohydrate metabolism

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
3.2.1.55, 623

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00667

Protein family/group databases

Carbohydrate-Active enZymes

More...
CAZyi
GH51, Glycoside Hydrolase Family 51

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Intracellular exo-alpha-(1->5)-L-arabinofuranosidase (EC:3.2.1.55)
Short name:
ABF
Alternative name(s):
Intracellular arabinan exo-alpha-(1->5)-L-arabinosidase
Short name:
Arabinosidase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:abfA
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiGeobacillus stearothermophilus (Bacillus stearothermophilus)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri1422 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeGeobacillus

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi175E → A: Strongly reduced catalytic activity. Increases affinity for substrates. The mutant has an effect on the glycosylation step. The removal of the acid-base catalyst seems to have affected the ionization state of the nucleophile, elevating its pKa, reducing its acidity, and shifting the optimal pH to higher values. 3 Publications1
Mutagenesisi294E → A: Abolishes catalytic activity, but the binding affinity shows only a small change. 1 Publication1

Chemistry databases

Drug and drug target database

More...
DrugBanki
DB03196, 4-Nitrophenyl-Ara
DB03870, Ara-Alpha(1,3)-Xyl

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000577002 – 502Intracellular exo-alpha-(1->5)-L-arabinofuranosidaseAdd BLAST501

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Transcription is repressed by glucose and by the binding of AraR to the operon promoter. L-arabinose acts as an inducer by inhibiting the binding of AraR to the DNA, thus allowing expression of the gene (Probable).1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homohexamer; trimer of dimers.

3 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1502
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9XBQ3

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
Q9XBQ3

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni174 – 175Substrate bindingBy similarity2

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 51 family.Curated

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.60.40.1180, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR010720, Alpha-L-AF_C
IPR013780, Glyco_hydro_b
IPR017853, Glycoside_hydrolase_SF

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF06964, Alpha-L-AF_C, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00813, Alpha-L-AF_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51445, SSF51445, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q9XBQ3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MATKKATMII EKDFKIAEID KRIYGSFIEH LGRAVYGGIY EPGHPQADEN
60 70 80 90 100
GFRQDVIELV KELQVPIIRY PGGNFVSGYN WEDGVGPKEQ RPRRLDLAWK
110 120 130 140 150
SVETNEIGLN EFMDWAKMVG AEVNMAVNLG TRGIDAARNL VEYCNHPSGS
160 170 180 190 200
YYSDLRIAHG YKEPHKIKTW CLGNEMDGPW QIGHKTAVEY GRIACEAAKV
210 220 230 240 250
MKWVDPTIEL VVCGSSNRNM PTFAEWEATV LDHTYDHVDY ISLHQYYGNR
260 270 280 290 300
DNDTANYLAL SLEMDDFIRS VVAIADYVKA KKRSKKTIHL SFDEWNVWYH
310 320 330 340 350
SNEADKLIEP WTVAPPLLED IYNFEDALLV GCMLITLMKH ADRVKIACLA
360 370 380 390 400
QLVNVIAPIM TEKNGPAWKQ TIYYPFMHAS VYGRGVALHP VISSPKYDSK
410 420 430 440 450
DFTDVPYLES IAVYNEEKEE VTIFAVNRDM EDALLLECDV RSFEDYRVIE
460 470 480 490 500
HIVLEHDNVK QTNSAQSSPV VPHRNGDAQL SDRKVSATLP KLSWNVIRLG

KR
Length:502
Mass (Da):57,212
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v4
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i37C048AE29DBB230
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF159625 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD45520.2

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF159625 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD45520.2

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1PZ2X-ray2.00A/B1-502[»]
1PZ3X-ray1.75A/B1-502[»]
1QW8X-ray1.80A/B1-502[»]
1QW9X-ray1.20A/B1-502[»]
6SXUX-ray1.40AAA/BBB1-502[»]
6SXVX-ray1.40A/B1-502[»]
SMRiQ9XBQ3
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Chemistry databases

DrugBankiDB03196, 4-Nitrophenyl-Ara
DB03870, Ara-Alpha(1,3)-Xyl

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH51, Glycoside Hydrolase Family 51

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00667
BRENDAi3.2.1.55, 623

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ9XBQ3

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.40.1180, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR010720, Alpha-L-AF_C
IPR013780, Glyco_hydro_b
IPR017853, Glycoside_hydrolase_SF
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF06964, Alpha-L-AF_C, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00813, Alpha-L-AF_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51445, SSF51445, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiIABF_GEOSE
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9XBQ3
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 26, 2002
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: December 2, 2020
This is version 82 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Direct protein sequencing

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  4. Glycosyl hydrolases
    Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries
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