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Entry version 147 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2000)
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Protein

Glutathione S-transferase D2

Gene

GstD2

Organism
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles (PubMed:22082028).

May be involved in detoxification (PubMed:22082028).

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=1.84 mM for glutathione1 Publication
  2. KM=0.81 mM for 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene1 Publication
  1. Vmax=0.53 µmol/min/mg enzyme with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene as substrate1 Publication
  2. Vmax=0.50 µmol/min/mg enzyme with 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal as substrate1 Publication
  3. Vmax=0.013 µmol/min/mg enzyme with phenethyl isothiocyanate as substrate1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase
Biological processDetoxification

Enzyme and pathway databases

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
Q9VG98

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glutathione S-transferase D21 Publication (EC:2.5.1.181 Publication)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GstD2Imported
Synonyms:GSTD2-2, gstD21Imported
ORF Names:CG4181Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDrosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7227 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaArthropodaHexapodaInsectaPterygotaNeopteraEndopterygotaDipteraBrachyceraMuscomorphaEphydroideaDrosophilidaeDrosophilaSophophora
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000803 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3R

Organism-specific databases

Drosophila genome database

More...
FlyBasei
FBgn0010038, GstD2

Eukaryotic Pathogen, Vector and Host Database Resources

More...
VEuPathDBi
VectorBase:FBgn0010038

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001859541 – 215Glutathione S-transferase D2Add BLAST215

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9VG98

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
FBgn0010038, Expressed in multi-cellular organism and 34 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q9VG98, baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9VG98, DM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">Interaction</a>' section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
71332, 7 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q9VG98, 4 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
7227.FBpp0082041

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1215
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9VG98

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini1 – 80GST N-terminalAdd BLAST80
Domaini86 – 212GST C-terminalAdd BLAST127

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni50 – 52Glutathione bindingBy similarity3
Regioni64 – 66Glutathione bindingBy similarity3

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the GST superfamily. Delta family.1 Publication

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0867, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000164816

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_011226_2_1_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9VG98

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
NIERWYA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1231780at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9VG98

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR010987, Glutathione-S-Trfase_C-like
IPR036282, Glutathione-S-Trfase_C_sf
IPR040079, Glutathione_S-Trfase
IPR004045, Glutathione_S-Trfase_N
IPR004046, GST_C
IPR036249, Thioredoxin-like_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00043, GST_C, 1 hit
PF02798, GST_N, 1 hit

Structure-Function Linkage Database

More...
SFLDi
SFLDS00019, Glutathione_Transferase_(cytos, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47616, SSF47616, 1 hit
SSF52833, SSF52833, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50405, GST_CTER, 1 hit
PS50404, GST_NTER, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9VG98-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDFYYMPGGG GCRTVIMVAK ALGLELNKKL LNTMEGEQLK PEFVKLNPQH
60 70 80 90 100
TIPTLVDNGF SIWESRAIAV YLVEKYGKDD YLLPNDPKKR AVINQRLYFD
110 120 130 140 150
MGTLYESFAK YYYPLFRTGK PGSDEDLKRI ETAFGFLDTF LEGQEYVAGD
160 170 180 190 200
QLTVADIAIL STVSTFEVSE FDFSKYSNVS RWYDNAKKVT PGWDENWEGL
210
MAMKALFDAR KLAAK
Length:215
Mass (Da):24,535
Last modified:May 1, 2000 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i221A9961BBF0E5B5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M97702 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AE014297 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF54787.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
D46681

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_524912.1, NM_080173.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl metazoan genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblMetazoai
FBtr0082569; FBpp0082041; FBgn0010038

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
48335

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
dme:Dmel_CG4181

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M97702 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AE014297 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF54787.1
PIRiD46681
RefSeqiNP_524912.1, NM_080173.2

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
5F0GX-ray1.60A/B1-215[»]
SMRiQ9VG98
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi71332, 7 interactors
IntActiQ9VG98, 4 interactors
STRINGi7227.FBpp0082041

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9VG98

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
48335

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiFBtr0082569; FBpp0082041; FBgn0010038
GeneIDi48335
KEGGidme:Dmel_CG4181

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
48335
FlyBaseiFBgn0010038, GstD2
VEuPathDBiVectorBase:FBgn0010038

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0867, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000164816
HOGENOMiCLU_011226_2_1_1
InParanoidiQ9VG98
OMAiNIERWYA
OrthoDBi1231780at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9VG98

Enzyme and pathway databases

SABIO-RKiQ9VG98

Miscellaneous databases

BioGRID ORCS database of CRISPR phenotype screens

More...
BioGRID-ORCSi
48335, 0 hits in 1 CRISPR screen

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
GstS1, fly

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
48335

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9VG98

Gene expression databases

BgeeiFBgn0010038, Expressed in multi-cellular organism and 34 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiQ9VG98, baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ9VG98, DM

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR010987, Glutathione-S-Trfase_C-like
IPR036282, Glutathione-S-Trfase_C_sf
IPR040079, Glutathione_S-Trfase
IPR004045, Glutathione_S-Trfase_N
IPR004046, GST_C
IPR036249, Thioredoxin-like_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00043, GST_C, 1 hit
PF02798, GST_N, 1 hit
SFLDiSFLDS00019, Glutathione_Transferase_(cytos, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47616, SSF47616, 1 hit
SSF52833, SSF52833, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50405, GST_CTER, 1 hit
PS50404, GST_NTER, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGSTD2_DROME
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9VG98
Secondary accession number(s): Q9TX91
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 1, 2000
Last sequence update: May 1, 2000
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 147 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programDrosophila annotation project

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Drosophila
    Drosophila: entries, gene names and cross-references to FlyBase
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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