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Entry version 122 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2000)
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Protein

Frataxin, mitochondrial

Gene

frh-1

Organism
Caenorhabditis elegans
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Promotes the biosynthesis of heme as well as the assembly and repair of iron-sulfur clusters by delivering Fe2+ to proteins involved in these pathways. May play a role in the protection against iron-catalyzed oxidative stress through its ability to catalyze the oxidation of Fe2+ to Fe3+. May be able to store large amounts of the metal in the form of a ferrihydrite mineral by oligomerization.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processHeme biosynthesis, Ion transport, Iron storage, Iron transport, Transport
LigandIron

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-CEL-1362409, Mitochondrial iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Frataxin, mitochondrial (EC:1.16.3.1)
Short name:
Fxn
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:frh-1
ORF Names:F59G1.7
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiCaenorhabditis elegans
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri6239 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaNematodaChromadoreaRhabditidaRhabditinaRhabditomorphaRhabditoideaRhabditidaePeloderinaeCaenorhabditis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001940 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome II

Organism-specific databases

WormBase

More...
WormBasei
F59G1.7 ; CE19476 ; WBGene00001486 ; frh-1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – ?MitochondrionSequence analysis
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_0000193925? – 136Frataxin, mitochondrial

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
Q9TY03

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9TY03

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q9TY03

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
WBGene00001486, Expressed in germ line (C elegans) and 5 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer. Oligomer (By similarity).

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
39343, 3 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q9TY03, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
6239.F59G1.7

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9TY03

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the frataxin family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3413, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000005811

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_080880_4_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9TY03

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
VYAHDGV

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1372185at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9TY03

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.920.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR017789, Frataxin
IPR002908, Frataxin/CyaY
IPR036524, Frataxin/CyaY_sf
IPR020895, Frataxin_CS

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR16821, PTHR16821, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01491, Frataxin_Cyay, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00904, FRATAXIN

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01219, Frataxin_Cyay, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF55387, SSF55387, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR03421, FeS_CyaY, 1 hit
TIGR03422, mito_frataxin, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01344, FRATAXIN_1, 1 hit
PS50810, FRATAXIN_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q9TY03-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLSTILRNNF VRRSFSSRIF SQNEYETAAD STLERLSDYF DQIADSFPVS
60 70 80 90 100
EQFDVSHAMG VLTVNVSKSV GTYVINKQSP NKQIWLSSPM SGPKRYDLEE
110 120 130
EGKWTYAHDG EQLDSLLNRE FRKILADDRI DFSRHV
Length:136
Mass (Da):15,718
Last modified:May 1, 2000 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i0ACB254346E38272
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY048153 mRNA Translation: AAL05950.1
FO081244 Genomic DNA Translation: CCD70156.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
T34316

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_495183.1, NM_062782.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl metazoan genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblMetazoai
F59G1.7.1; F59G1.7.1; WBGene00001486

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
174002

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
cel:CELE_F59G1.7

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
F59G1.7.1, c. elegans

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY048153 mRNA Translation: AAL05950.1
FO081244 Genomic DNA Translation: CCD70156.1
PIRiT34316
RefSeqiNP_495183.1, NM_062782.3

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9TY03
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi39343, 3 interactors
IntActiQ9TY03, 1 interactor
STRINGi6239.F59G1.7

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ9TY03
PaxDbiQ9TY03
PeptideAtlasiQ9TY03

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiF59G1.7.1; F59G1.7.1; WBGene00001486
GeneIDi174002
KEGGicel:CELE_F59G1.7
UCSCiF59G1.7.1, c. elegans

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
174002
WormBaseiF59G1.7 ; CE19476 ; WBGene00001486 ; frh-1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3413, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000005811
HOGENOMiCLU_080880_4_0_1
InParanoidiQ9TY03
OMAiVYAHDGV
OrthoDBi1372185at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9TY03

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-CEL-1362409, Mitochondrial iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9TY03

Gene expression databases

BgeeiWBGene00001486, Expressed in germ line (C elegans) and 5 other tissues

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.920.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR017789, Frataxin
IPR002908, Frataxin/CyaY
IPR036524, Frataxin/CyaY_sf
IPR020895, Frataxin_CS
PANTHERiPTHR16821, PTHR16821, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01491, Frataxin_Cyay, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00904, FRATAXIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01219, Frataxin_Cyay, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF55387, SSF55387, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03421, FeS_CyaY, 1 hit
TIGR03422, mito_frataxin, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01344, FRATAXIN_1, 1 hit
PS50810, FRATAXIN_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFRDA_CAEEL
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9TY03
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 1, 2000
Last sequence update: May 1, 2000
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 122 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programCaenorhabditis annotation project

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Caenorhabditis elegans
    Caenorhabditis elegans: entries, gene names and cross-references to WormBase
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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