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Entry version 115 (31 Jul 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2000)
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Protein

Apyrase 2

Gene

APY2

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphoanhydride bonds of nucleoside tri- and di-phosphates. Substrate preference is ATP > ADP. Functions with APY1 to reduce extracellular ATP level which is essential for pollen germination and normal plant development. Plays a role in the regulation of stomatal function by modulating extracellular ATP levels in guard cells.3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Ca2+By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=30 µM for ATP1 Publication
  1. Vmax=26 µmol/min/mg enzyme1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei195Proton acceptorBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi73 – 83ATP-bindingCuratedAdd BLAST11
Nucleotide bindingi219 – 229ATP-bindingCuratedAdd BLAST11

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase
LigandATP-binding, Calcium, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
ARA:AT5G18280-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Apyrase 2 (EC:3.6.1.5)
Short name:
AtAPY2
Alternative name(s):
ATP-diphosphatase
ATP-diphosphohydrolase
Adenosine diphosphatase
Short name:
ADPase
NTPDase
Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:APY2
Ordered Locus Names:At5g18280
ORF Names:MRG7.24
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 5

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT5G18280

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 21CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei22 – 42Helical; Signal-anchor for type II membrane proteinSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini43 – 472LumenalSequence analysisAdd BLAST430

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Golgi apparatus, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

No visible phenotype under normal growth conditions. Apy1 and apy2 double mutant displays developmental defects including the lack of functional root and shoot meristems, and morphogenetic and patterning abnormalities of the cotyledons. Double mutant exhibits a complete inhibition of pollen germination.2 Publications

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004199061 – 472Apyrase 2Add BLAST472

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi334N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9SPM5

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in roots, root hairs, root cap, leaves, stems, trichomes, phloem throughout the plant, guard cells, filaments of young stamens, stipules, papillae of stigmas, pollen, pollen tubes and the abscission zone of siliques.3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By hypertonic stress.

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q9SPM5 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9SPM5 AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT5G18280.2

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9SPM5

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the GDA1/CD39 NTPase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal-anchor, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000220904

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9SPM5

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K14641

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
YEMPIDR

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1337265at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9SPM5

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000407 GDA1_CD39_NTPase

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11782 PTHR11782, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01150 GDA1_CD39, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01238 GDA1_CD39_NTPASE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9SPM5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTAKRGIGRH ESLADKIQRH RGIILVISVP IVLIGLVLLL MPGRSISDSV
60 70 80 90 100
VEEYSVHNRK GGPNSRGPKN YAVIFDAGSS GSRVHVYCFD QNLDLIPLGN
110 120 130 140 150
ELELFLQLKP GLSAYPTDPR QAANSLVSLL DKAEASVPRE LRPKTHVRVG
160 170 180 190 200
ATAGLRTLGH DASENILQAV RELLRDRSML KTEANAVTVL DGTQEGSYQW
210 220 230 240 250
VTINYLLRNL GKPYSDTVGV VDLGGGSVQM AYAISEEDAA SAPKPLEGED
260 270 280 290 300
SYVREMYLKG RKYFLYVHSY LHYGLLAARA EILKVSEDSE NPCIVAGYDG
310 320 330 340 350
MYKYGGKEFK APASQSGASL DECRRITINA LKVNDTLCTH MKCTFGGVWN
360 370 380 390 400
GGRGGGQKNM FVASFFFDRA AEAGFVDPKQ PVATVRPMDF EKAAKKACSM
410 420 430 440 450
KLEEGKSTFP LVEEENLPYL CMDLVYQYTL LIDGFGLEPS QTITLVKKVK
460 470
YGDQAVEAAW PLGSAIEAVS SP
Length:472
Mass (Da):51,599
Last modified:May 1, 2000 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFA0C280456D51224
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti20H → N in AFI41206 (PubMed:22430844).Curated1
Sequence conflicti151A → V in AAF66599 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti261R → Q in AAM98186 (PubMed:14593172).Curated1
Sequence conflicti301M → T in AAF66599 (Ref. 2) Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF156783 mRNA Translation: AAF00612.1
AF141671 mRNA Translation: AAF66599.1
JQ937238 mRNA Translation: AFI41206.1
AB012246 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB09486.1
CP002688 Genomic DNA Translation: AED92532.2
AY099866 mRNA Translation: AAM20717.1
AY140045 mRNA Translation: AAM98186.1
BT000329 mRNA Translation: AAN15648.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_197329.5, NM_121833.7

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT5G18280.1; AT5G18280.1; AT5G18280

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
831946

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT5G18280.1; AT5G18280.1; AT5G18280

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT5G18280

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF156783 mRNA Translation: AAF00612.1
AF141671 mRNA Translation: AAF66599.1
JQ937238 mRNA Translation: AFI41206.1
AB012246 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB09486.1
CP002688 Genomic DNA Translation: AED92532.2
AY099866 mRNA Translation: AAM20717.1
AY140045 mRNA Translation: AAM98186.1
BT000329 mRNA Translation: AAN15648.1
RefSeqiNP_197329.5, NM_121833.7

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9SPM5
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi3702.AT5G18280.2

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ9SPM5

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT5G18280.1; AT5G18280.1; AT5G18280
GeneIDi831946
GrameneiAT5G18280.1; AT5G18280.1; AT5G18280
KEGGiath:AT5G18280

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT5G18280

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000220904
InParanoidiQ9SPM5
KOiK14641
OMAiYEMPIDR
OrthoDBi1337265at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9SPM5

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciARA:AT5G18280-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9SPM5

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ9SPM5 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ9SPM5 AT

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000407 GDA1_CD39_NTPase
PANTHERiPTHR11782 PTHR11782, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01150 GDA1_CD39, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01238 GDA1_CD39_NTPASE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiAPY2_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9SPM5
Secondary accession number(s): F4JWK7
, I1VCB1, Q8L704, Q9M7B3
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 31, 2012
Last sequence update: May 1, 2000
Last modified: July 31, 2019
This is version 115 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
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