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Entry version 52 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2000)
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Protein

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase, chloroplastic

Gene

MGD A

Organism
Spinacia oleracea (Spinach)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the synthesis of the major structural component of photosynthetic membranes. The 1,2-diacylglycerol substrate preference is 18:2/18:2 > 18:0/18:1 > 18:1/18:1 > 18:1/16:0 > 16:0/18:2 > 18:3/18:3 > 16:0/18:1 > 16:0/16:0 > 18:0/18:0.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+Curated

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Inhibited by ortho-phenanthroline and UDP (competitive inhibitor relatively to UDP-Gal only) and inactivated by citraconic anhydride, tert-butoxycarbonyl-L-methionine hydrosuccinimidyl ester (SLR) and N-ethylmaleimide (NEM).2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=0.65 mM for UDP-Gal1 Publication

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections ('Function', 'PTM / Processing', 'Pathology and Biotech') according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei422Substrate specificity for galactose1

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    GO - Biological processi

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionGlycosyltransferase, Transferase

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

    More...
    BRENDAi
    2.4.1.46 5812

    SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

    More...
    SABIO-RKi
    Q9SM44

    Protein family/group databases

    Carbohydrate-Active enZymes

    More...
    CAZyi
    GT28 Glycosyltransferase Family 28

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase, chloroplastic (EC:2.4.1.46)
    Short name:
    SoMGD1
    Alternative name(s):
    MGDG synthase type A
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:MGD A
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSpinacia oleracea (Spinach)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3562 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaeCaryophyllalesChenopodiaceaeChenopodioideaeAnserineaeSpinacia

    <p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

    Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Chloroplast, Membrane, Plastid, Plastid inner membrane

    <p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

    Mutagenesis

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi171W → A: 90% reduction of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi173E → N: 90% reduction of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi177W → A: 90% reduction of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi240H → A: Total loss of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi245H → A: 90% reduction of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi284C → A: No effect. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi286C → A: No effect. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi343 – 347Missing : Total loss of activity. 1 Publication5
    Mutagenesisi346E → A: 90% reduction of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi378C → A: 25% reduction of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi380R → E: 90% reduction of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi402F → A: 90% reduction of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi415C → A: No effect. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi419K → A: Total loss of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi427E → A: Total loss of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi445E → A: Total loss of activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi448N → A: 90% reduction of activity. 1 Publication1

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 98ChloroplastSequence analysisAdd BLAST98
    <p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_500006567499 – 522Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase, chloroplasticAdd BLAST424

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

    Homodimer.

    Curated

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    3D structure databases

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    Q9SM44

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    <p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

    The C-terminal domain (308-483) is involved in UDP-Gal binding while the N-terminal domains (131-307) is involved in dyacylglycerol binding.

    <p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the glycosyltransferase 28 family.Curated

    Keywords - Domaini

    Transit peptide

    Phylogenomic databases

    KEGG Orthology (KO)

    More...
    KOi
    K03715

    Family and domain databases

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR009695 Diacylglyc_glucosyltr_N
    IPR007235 Glyco_trans_28_C

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF04101 Glyco_tran_28_C, 1 hit
    PF06925 MGDG_synth, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

    Q9SM44-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MSHPSTVTSE PSNLLDFVPK LGNFVLNSSL HGNNSNGYSS FSSNSVHFGG
    60 70 80 90 100
    LATQNRYKFV NSLSFSKEGS NLKRILSDFN RVIRLHCDRI PLGFSSIGLN
    110 120 130 140 150
    SGESNGVSDN GHGVLEDVRV PVNAVEPESP KRVLILMSDT GGGHRASAEA
    160 170 180 190 200
    IKAAFNEEFG DDYQVFVTDL WSEHTPWPFN QLPRSYNFLV KHGPLWKMMY
    210 220 230 240 250
    YGTSPRVIHQ SNFAATSVFI AREVARGLMK YQPDIIISVH PLMQHVPLRI
    260 270 280 290 300
    LRGRGLLEKI VFTTVVTDLS TCHPTWFHKL VTRCYCPSNE VAKRATKAGL
    310 320 330 340 350
    QPSQIKVYGL PVRPSFVRSV RPKNELRKEL GMDEHLPAVL LMGGGEGMGP
    360 370 380 390 400
    IEATARALGN ALYDANLGEP TGQLLVICGR NKKLAGKLSS IDWKIPVQVK
    410 420 430 440 450
    GFVTKIEECM GACDCIITKA GPGTIAEAMI RGLPIILNDY IAGQEAGNVP
    460 470 480 490 500
    YVIENGIGKY LKSPKEIAKT VSQWFGPKAN ELQIMSQNAL KHARPDAVFK
    510 520
    IVHDLDELVR QKIFVRQYSC AA
    Length:522
    Mass (Da):57,511
    Last modified:May 1, 2000 - v1
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i02E2B929732551A7
    GO

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AJ249607 mRNA Translation: CAB56218.1

    Genome annotation databases

    KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

    More...
    KEGGi
    ag:CAB56218

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AJ249607 mRNA Translation: CAB56218.1

    3D structure databases

    SMRiQ9SM44
    ModBaseiSearch...

    Protein family/group databases

    CAZyiGT28 Glycosyltransferase Family 28

    Genome annotation databases

    KEGGiag:CAB56218

    Phylogenomic databases

    KOiK03715

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDAi2.4.1.46 5812
    SABIO-RKiQ9SM44

    Family and domain databases

    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR009695 Diacylglyc_glucosyltr_N
    IPR007235 Glyco_trans_28_C
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF04101 Glyco_tran_28_C, 1 hit
    PF06925 MGDG_synth, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMGDG_SPIOL
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9SM44
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 2, 2008
    Last sequence update: May 1, 2000
    Last modified: December 11, 2019
    This is version 52 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Documents

    1. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
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