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Entry version 102 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2000)
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Protein

Mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription subunit 18

Gene

MED18

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Component of the Mediator complex, a coactivator involved in the regulated transcription of nearly all RNA polymerase II-dependent genes. Mediator functions as a bridge to convey information from gene-specific regulatory proteins to the basal RNA polymerase II transcription machinery. The Mediator complex, having a compact conformation in its free form, is recruited to promoters by direct interactions with regulatory proteins and serves for the assembly of a functional pre-initiation complex with RNA polymerase II and the general transcription factors (PubMed:22021418, PubMed:24451981).

Involved in the regulation of histone H3 lysine tri-methylation (H3K36me3). Associates with the promoter, coding and terminator regions of target genes suggesting its function in transcription initiation, elongation and termination. Multifunctional protein which regulates plant immunity, especially during necrotrophic fungal infection (e.g. B.cinerea and A.brassicicola), flowering time and responses to hormones (e.g. abscisic acid ABA and ethylene) through interactions with distinct transcription factors (PubMed:24451981).

2 Publications

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • transcription coregulator activity Source: UniProtKB

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein
Biological processAbscisic acid signaling pathway, Ethylene signaling pathway, Plant defense, Transcription, Transcription regulation, Transcription termination

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription subunit 181 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:MED181 Publication
Synonyms:MED18_11 Publication
Ordered Locus Names:At2g22370Imported
ORF Names:F14M13.23Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

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Araporti
AT2G22370

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

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TAIRi
locus:2041243, AT2G22370

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Deregulated expression of glutaredoxins GRX480, GRXS13 and thioredoxin TRX-h5 leading to enhanced susceptibility to fungal infection (e.g. B.cinerea and A.brassicicola). Altered RNA polymerase II occupancy and histone H3 lysine tri-methylation (H3K36me3) of target genes. Insensitivity to abscisic acid (ABA) and to the ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC). Delayed flowering.1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004183521 – 219Mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription subunit 18Add BLAST219

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9SJZ6

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9SJZ6

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
239052

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q9SJZ6, baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9SJZ6, AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Component of the Mediator complex (PubMed:17560376).

Interacts with YY1 to suppress disease susceptibility via the repression of genes glutaredoxins GRX480, GRXS13 and thioredoxin TRX-h5. Binds to ABI4 to regulate abscisic acid responses; recruited by ABI4 to ABI5 promoter in the presence of abscisic acid (ABA).

Interacts with SUF4 to regulate flowering time; recruited by SUF4 to FLC promoter (PubMed:24451981).

2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">Interaction</a>' section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

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BioGRIDi
2122, 2 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
Q9SJZ6, 3 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

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STRINGi
3702.AT2G22370.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q9SJZ6

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the Mediator complex subunit 18 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
KOG3264, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_111349_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
Q9SJZ6

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
PEPAWTV

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1140930at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9SJZ6

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR019095, Mediator_Med18

The PANTHER Classification System

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PANTHERi
PTHR13321, PTHR13321, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9SJZ6-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSMECVVQGI IETQHVEALE ILLQGLCGVQ RERLRVHELC LRSGPNLGVV
60 70 80 90 100
SSEVRLLCDL DQPEPTWTVK HVGGAMRGAG ADQISVLVRN MIESKVSKNA
110 120 130 140 150
LRMFYALGYK LDHELLKVGF AFHFQRTAHI SVSVSSVNKM PKVHAIDEAV
160 170 180 190 200
PVTPGMQIVD VTAPATSENY SEVAAAVSSF CEFLAPLVHL SKPSISTGVV
210
PTAAAAAASL MSDGGGTTL
Length:219
Mass (Da):23,365
Last modified:May 1, 2000 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFE53D1C081F36F55
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC006592 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD22361.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07298.1
BT029378 mRNA Translation: ABK32192.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
H84611

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_565534.1, NM_127802.4

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT2G22370.1; AT2G22370.1; AT2G22370

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
816769

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT2G22370.1; AT2G22370.1; AT2G22370

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT2G22370

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC006592 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD22361.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07298.1
BT029378 mRNA Translation: ABK32192.1
PIRiH84611
RefSeqiNP_565534.1, NM_127802.4

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9SJZ6
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi2122, 2 interactors
IntActiQ9SJZ6, 3 interactors
STRINGi3702.AT2G22370.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9SJZ6
PRIDEiQ9SJZ6
ProteomicsDBi239052

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT2G22370.1; AT2G22370.1; AT2G22370
GeneIDi816769
GrameneiAT2G22370.1; AT2G22370.1; AT2G22370
KEGGiath:AT2G22370

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT2G22370
TAIRilocus:2041243, AT2G22370

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3264, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_111349_0_0_1
InParanoidiQ9SJZ6
OMAiPEPAWTV
OrthoDBi1140930at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9SJZ6

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9SJZ6

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ9SJZ6, baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ9SJZ6, AT

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR019095, Mediator_Med18
PANTHERiPTHR13321, PTHR13321, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMED18_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9SJZ6
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 11, 2012
Last sequence update: May 1, 2000
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 102 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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