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Entry version 132 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2000)
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Protein

Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 3

Gene

CAD3

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in lignin biosynthesis. Catalyzes the final step specific for the production of lignin monomers. Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of coniferaldehyde, 5-hydroxyconiferaldehyde, sinapaldehyde, 4-coumaraldehyde and caffeyl aldehyde to their respective alcohols.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 Zn2+ ions per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=292 µM for 4-coumaraldehyde (at pH 6.25 and 40 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  2. KM=581 µM for caffeyl aldehyde (at pH 6.25 and 40 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  3. KM=362 µM for coniferaldehyde (at pH 6.25 and 40 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  4. KM=534 µM for 5-hydroxyconiferaldehyde (at pH 6.25 and 37 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  5. KM=629 µM for sinapaldehyde (at pH 6.25 and 40 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  1. Vmax=20.1 pmol/sec/µg enzyme with 4-coumaraldehyde as substrate (at pH 6.25 and 40 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  2. Vmax=9.7 pmol/sec/µg enzyme with caffeyl aldehyde as substrate (at pH 6.25 and 40 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  3. Vmax=4.8 pmol/sec/µg enzyme with coniferaldehyde as substrate (at pH 6.25 and 40 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  4. Vmax=17.9 pmol/sec/µg enzyme with 5-hydroxyconiferaldehyde as substrate (at pH 6.25 and 37 degrees Celsius)1 Publication
  5. Vmax=9.1 pmol/sec/µg enzyme with sinapaldehyde as substrate (at pH 6.25 and 40 degrees Celsius)1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: phenylpropanoid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, which is part of Aromatic compound metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and in Aromatic compound metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi44Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei46NADPBy similarity1
Metal bindingi66Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
Metal bindingi67Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
Metal bindingi97Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi100Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi103Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi111Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi160Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
Binding sitei164NADPBy similarity1
Binding sitei249NADPBy similarity1
Binding sitei273NADP; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi186 – 191NADPBy similarity6
Nucleotide bindingi209 – 214NADPBy similarity6
Nucleotide bindingi296 – 298NADPBy similarity3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processLignin biosynthesis
LigandMetal-binding, NADP, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
ARA:AT2G21890-MONOMER

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
Q9SJ10

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00711

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 3 (EC:1.1.1.195)
Short name:
AtCAD3
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CAD3
Synonyms:CAD8, LCAD-F
Ordered Locus Names:At2g21890
ORF Names:F7D8.21
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT2G21890

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2052494 AT2G21890

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003826381 – 375Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 3Add BLAST375

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9SJ10

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9SJ10

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in the root tips. Expressed in the apical meristematic regions, leaf veins and at the base of the trichomes. Expressed at the base of the stems. Expressed in the abscission zones of newly formed siliques.2 Publications

Gene expression databases

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9SJ10 AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT2G21890.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9SJ10

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0023 Eukaryota
COG1064 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000294667

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9SJ10

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00083

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
VYCPKMI

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
625659at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9SJ10

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013149 ADH_C
IPR013154 ADH_N
IPR002328 ADH_Zn_CS
IPR011032 GroES-like_sf
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR020843 PKS_ER

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08240 ADH_N, 1 hit
PF00107 ADH_zinc_N, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00829 PKS_ER, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF50129 SSF50129, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00059 ADH_ZINC, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9SJ10-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVDQNRAFGW AANDESGVLS PFHFSRRENG ENDVTVKILF CGVCHSDLHT
60 70 80 90 100
IKNHWGFSRY PIIPGHEIVG IATKVGKNVT KFKEGDRVGV GVIIGSCQSC
110 120 130 140 150
ESCNQDLENY CPKVVFTYNS RSSDGTRNQG GYSDVIVVDH RFVLSIPDGL
160 170 180 190 200
PSDSGAPLLC AGITVYSPMK YYGMTKESGK RLGVNGLGGL GHIAVKIGKA
210 220 230 240 250
FGLRVTVISR SSEKEREAID RLGADSFLVT TDSQKMKEAV GTMDFIIDTV
260 270 280 290 300
SAEHALLPLF SLLKVSGKLV ALGLLEKPLD LPIFPLVLGR KMVGGSQIGG
310 320 330 340 350
MKETQEMLEF CAKHKIVSDI ELIKMSDINS AMDRLVKSDV RYRFVIDVAN
360 370
SLLPESSAEI LTEHVDHGVS ITSRF
Length:375
Mass (Da):40,886
Last modified:May 1, 2000 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iADC1FFCABEA2D113
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY302078 mRNA Translation: AAP59431.1
AC007019 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD20406.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07235.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
D84606

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_179780.1, NM_127758.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT2G21890.1; AT2G21890.1; AT2G21890

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
816725

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT2G21890.1; AT2G21890.1; AT2G21890

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT2G21890

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY302078 mRNA Translation: AAP59431.1
AC007019 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD20406.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07235.1
PIRiD84606
RefSeqiNP_179780.1, NM_127758.3

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9SJ10
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi3702.AT2G21890.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9SJ10
PRIDEiQ9SJ10

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT2G21890.1; AT2G21890.1; AT2G21890
GeneIDi816725
GrameneiAT2G21890.1; AT2G21890.1; AT2G21890
KEGGiath:AT2G21890

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT2G21890
TAIRilocus:2052494 AT2G21890

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0023 Eukaryota
COG1064 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000294667
InParanoidiQ9SJ10
KOiK00083
OMAiVYCPKMI
OrthoDBi625659at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9SJ10

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00711
BioCyciARA:AT2G21890-MONOMER
SABIO-RKiQ9SJ10

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9SJ10

Gene expression databases

GenevisibleiQ9SJ10 AT

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013149 ADH_C
IPR013154 ADH_N
IPR002328 ADH_Zn_CS
IPR011032 GroES-like_sf
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR020843 PKS_ER
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08240 ADH_N, 1 hit
PF00107 ADH_zinc_N, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00829 PKS_ER, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF50129 SSF50129, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00059 ADH_ZINC, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCADH3_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9SJ10
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 1, 2009
Last sequence update: May 1, 2000
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 132 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
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