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Entry version 57 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2000)
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Protein

Phenolic acid decarboxylase

Gene

shdC

Organism
Sedimentibacter hydroxybenzoicus (Clostridium hydroxybenzoicum)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the non-oxidative decarboxylation and detoxification of phenolic derivatives under anaerobic conditions (PubMed:10438791, PubMed:7744052, PubMed:24193968, PubMed:15979273). Oxygen-sensitive phenolic acid decarboxylase that catalyzes the reversible decarboxylation of 4-hydroxybenzoate and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (PubMed:10438791, PubMed:7744052, PubMed:15979273).4 Publications

Miscellaneous

It is not known, if phenolic acid decarboxylase forms a complex composed of ShdB, ShdC and ShdD. The term subunit is often used in reference to the operon, however there is no experimental evidence to prove the existence of the complex.Curated

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Inhibited by Zn2+, (2,3,4)-trihydroxybenzoate and (3,4,5)-trihydroxybenzoate (PubMed:7744052). Ammonium and rubidium ions decrease the activity of the carboxylation of 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate by about 20% (PubMed:7744052).1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

kcat is 3300 min(-1) with 4-hydroxybenzoate as substrate. kcat is 1100 min(-1) with 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate as substrate.1 Publication
  1. KM=0.4 mM for 4-hydroxybenzoate1 Publication
  2. KM=1.2 mM for 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate1 Publication

    pH dependencei

    Optimum pH is between 5.6-6.2.1 Publication

    Temperature dependencei

    Optimum temperature is 50 degrees Celsius.1 Publication

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi163ManganeseUniRule annotation1
    Metal bindingi185ManganeseUniRule annotation1
    Metal bindingi227ManganeseUniRule annotation1
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei278Proton donorUniRule annotation1

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    GO - Biological processi

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionDecarboxylase, Lyase
    Biological processAromatic hydrocarbons catabolism, Detoxification
    LigandFlavoprotein, FMN, Manganese, Metal-binding

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

    More...
    BRENDAi
    4.1.1.61 5658

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Phenolic acid decarboxylase1 PublicationUniRule annotation
    Short name:
    PAD1 PublicationUniRule annotation
    Alternative name(s):
    3,4-dihydroxybenzoate decarboxylase1 Publication (EC:4.1.1.631 Publication1 Publication)
    Short name:
    3,4-dihydroxybenzoate DC1 Publication
    4-hydroxybenzoate decarboxylase1 Publication (EC:4.1.1.612 Publications1 Publication)
    Short name:
    4-HOB-DC1 Publication
    Short name:
    4-hydroxybenzoate DC1 Publication
    Phenolic acid decarboxylase subunit C1 Publication
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:shdC1 Publication
    Synonyms:ohb11 Publication
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSedimentibacter hydroxybenzoicus (Clostridium hydroxybenzoicum)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri29345 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesTissierelliaSedimentibacter

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004345261 – 480Phenolic acid decarboxylaseAdd BLAST480

    <p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

    <p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

    By 4-hydroxybenzoate and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate.1 Publication

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

    Homohexamer.

    1 Publication

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    3D structure databases

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    Q9S4M7

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    Region

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni163 – 168Prenyl-FMN bindingUniRule annotation6
    Regioni184 – 185Prenyl-FMN bindingUniRule annotation2

    <p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the UbiD family. YclC subfamily.UniRule annotation

    Family and domain databases

    HAMAP database of protein families

    More...
    HAMAPi
    MF_01985 UbiD_YclC, 1 hit

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR032902 BsdC
    IPR002830 UbiD

    The PANTHER Classification System

    More...
    PANTHERi
    PTHR30108 PTHR30108, 1 hit

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF01977 UbiD, 1 hit

    TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

    More...
    TIGRFAMsi
    TIGR00148 TIGR00148, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Q9S4M7-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MAKVYKDLRE FLEVLEQEGQ LIRVKEEVNP EPDIAAAGRA AANLGKNQPA
    60 70 80 90 100
    VFFEKIKGYK YSVVTNVHGS WQNHALMLGL DKNTSTKDQF YELNRRWDKF
    110 120 130 140 150
    PVPPNVVKRE AAPCKENVID KDINLFEILP LYRINEQDGG FYISKASVVT
    160 170 180 190 200
    ADPEYPDDFN KLNVGTYRIQ VKDRDRVGIQ ALAMHDIAVQ LEKAEAENKP
    210 220 230 240 250
    LPIAITIGNN PLVTFMASTP VGYNQNEYEF VGALQDGVPM DIVKSDLYDH
    260 270 280 290 300
    LYVPAGSEVV LEGHIIPRVR TVEGPFGEFP GSYSGARLQC EVKIDRITHR
    310 320 330 340 350
    TNPIFENLYL GIPWTEIDYL MALNTSVPLY KQLKETMPEV VAVNAMYTHG
    360 370 380 390 400
    IGVIISTKVR YGGYAKGVAF RLLSTPHGMP YSKIVIVVDE FVDPFNLEQV
    410 420 430 440 450
    MWALTTRVHP GKDVSIIENC PGMPLDPSTN PPGMHTKMII DATTPVPPEP
    460 470 480
    NPRETQLLDP PDGTEEWEEK LKELLKNQNR
    Length:480
    Mass (Da):53,961
    Last modified:May 1, 2000 - v1
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iBA30D2E2C503D443
    GO

    Experimental Info

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti6K → R AA sequence (PubMed:7744052).Curated1

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AF128880 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD50377.1

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AF128880 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD50377.1

    3D structure databases

    SMRiQ9S4M7
    ModBaseiSearch...

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDAi4.1.1.61 5658

    Family and domain databases

    HAMAPiMF_01985 UbiD_YclC, 1 hit
    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR032902 BsdC
    IPR002830 UbiD
    PANTHERiPTHR30108 PTHR30108, 1 hit
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF01977 UbiD, 1 hit
    TIGRFAMsiTIGR00148 TIGR00148, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiYCLC_SEDHY
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9S4M7
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 14, 2015
    Last sequence update: May 1, 2000
    Last modified: December 11, 2019
    This is version 57 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Direct protein sequencing

    Documents

    1. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
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