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Entry version 99 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2000)
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Protein

Paired box protein Pax-8

Gene

pax8

Organism
Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Probable transcription factor. Involved in kidney development, acting synergistically with lhx1/lim-1 to establish the pronephric primordium in late gastrulae/early neurulae.1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein, DNA-binding, Segmentation polarity protein
Biological processTranscription, Transcription regulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Paired box protein Pax-8
Short name:
XPax-8
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:pax8By similarity
Synonyms:pax-8Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri8355 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiAmphibiaBatrachiaAnuraPipoideaPipidaeXenopodinaeXenopusXenopus

Organism-specific databases

Xenopus laevis and tropicalis biology and genomics resource

More...
Xenbasei
XB-GENE-865008 pax8

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002847031 – 465Paired box protein Pax-8Add BLAST465

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expression starts at late gastrula stages in cells fated to become the primordia of the otic system and the pronephric kidney. Expression is maintained in these two structures through late tailbud stages. Does not appear to be expressed in the thyroid gland.3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By retinoic acid in combination with activin.2 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9PUK5

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini26 – 152PairedPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST127

Keywords - Domaini

Paired box

Phylogenomic databases

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K09293

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
592933at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00131 PAX, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.10.10, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009057 Homeobox-like_sf
IPR001523 Paired_dom
IPR022130 Pax2_C
IPR036388 WH-like_DNA-bd_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00292 PAX, 1 hit
PF12403 Pax2_C, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

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PRINTSi
PR00027 PAIREDBOX

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00351 PAX, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46689 SSF46689, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00034 PAIRED_1, 1 hit
PS51057 PAIRED_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Isoform 12 Publications (identifier: Q9PUK5-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPNSSIRSEL TTERGFSGPA SNFNIGHGGL NQLGGAFVNG RPLPEVVRQR
60 70 80 90 100
IVDLAHQGVR PCDISRQLRV SHGCVSKILG RYYETGSIRP GVIGGSKPKV
110 120 130 140 150
ATPKVVEKIG DYKRQNPTMF AWEIRDRLLT DGVCDNDTVP SVSSINRIIR
160 170 180 190 200
TKVQQLFNLP MESCVKSLSP GQTLIPSSTV TPPESPHSDS LGSTYSISGL
210 220 230 240 250
LGITQPSADG KRKLDDSDQE SCRLSIDSQG SVGISRKQLR TEAYGHHPLD
260 270 280 290 300
ALECHFQRQH FPESYSSSTH SKTEQALYTL PLLNISLDDG KSSLTSTNTT
310 320 330 340 350
IGRNLSTHQG YSALSEFTAF SIKQEASDSS SASSTPSSLC SPTFLDLQPI
360 370 380 390 400
NSGCSAPSFS AFSHPSVYGQ FTSHVASGRD VVGATLPGYP PHIPSGQGNY
410 420 430 440 450
ASSAIAGMVA AGGDYSANAY SHGAYAAYGD SWRFPSSSLL GSPYYYSSGT
460
RTAPPPTTAG AYDLM
Length:465
Mass (Da):49,573
Last modified:May 1, 2000 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i5374FF0E307A2D0A
GO
Isoform 21 Publication (identifier: Q9PUK5-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     316-377: Missing.

Show »
Length:403
Mass (Da):43,169
Checksum:i02C8D180A9144850
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti285I → N in CAA09231 (PubMed:10322629).Curated1
Sequence conflicti351N → S in CAA09231 (PubMed:10322629).Curated1
Sequence conflicti449G → A in CAA09231 (PubMed:10322629).Curated1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_052378316 – 377Missing in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST62

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF179301 mRNA Translation: AAD52681.1
AJ010504 mRNA Translation: CAA09231.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_001081941.1, NM_001088472.1 [Q9PUK5-1]

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
398132

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
xla:398132

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF179301 mRNA Translation: AAD52681.1
AJ010504 mRNA Translation: CAA09231.1
RefSeqiNP_001081941.1, NM_001088472.1 [Q9PUK5-1]

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9PUK5
ModBaseiSearch...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi398132
KEGGixla:398132

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
398132
XenbaseiXB-GENE-865008 pax8

Phylogenomic databases

KOiK09293
OrthoDBi592933at2759

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00131 PAX, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.10.10, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009057 Homeobox-like_sf
IPR001523 Paired_dom
IPR022130 Pax2_C
IPR036388 WH-like_DNA-bd_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00292 PAX, 1 hit
PF12403 Pax2_C, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00027 PAIREDBOX
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00351 PAX, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF46689 SSF46689, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00034 PAIRED_1, 1 hit
PS51057 PAIRED_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPAX8_XENLA
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9PUK5
Secondary accession number(s): Q9YH94
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 17, 2007
Last sequence update: May 1, 2000
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 99 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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