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Entry version 121 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2000)
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Protein

Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2-A

Gene

igfbp2a

Organism
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (Brachydanio rerio)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

IGF-binding proteins prolong the half-life of the IGFs and have been shown to either inhibit or stimulate the growth promoting effects of the IGFs on cell culture. They alter the interaction of IGFs with their cell surface receptors.2 Publications

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein, Growth factor binding
Biological processGrowth regulation

Protein family/group databases

MEROPS protease database

More...
MEROPSi
I31.953

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2-A
Short name:
IGF-binding protein 2-A
Short name:
IGFBP-2-A
Short name:
IGFBP-2a
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:igfbp2a
Synonyms:igfbp2, igfbp2b
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDanio rerio (Zebrafish) (Brachydanio rerio)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7955 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiActinopterygiiNeopterygiiTeleosteiOstariophysiCypriniformesCyprinidaeDanio
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000437 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 6

Organism-specific databases

Zebrafish Information Network genome database

More...
ZFINi
ZDB-GENE-000125-12 igfbp2a

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 22Sequence analysisAdd BLAST22
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001437623 – 276Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2-AAdd BLAST254

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi180 ↔ 214PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Disulfide bondi225 ↔ 236PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Disulfide bondi238 ↔ 259PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9PTH3

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

In embryos at 24 hpf, initially expressed in the lens and cranial region, and at 48 and 72 hpf in the brain boundary vasculature. Expression in these regions persists throughout the hatching period and by 96 hpf expression is most abundant in the liver. In both male and female adults, highest expression is in the liver with modest expression in the brain. In male but not females adults, expressed at a low level in muscle and gonad. Also expressed in the adult intestine.2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at the protein level’.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Not expressed until 10 hpf. Expression gradually increases from 10 to 36 hpf and is maintained at high levels thereafter.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Expression increases in response to prolonged fasting but decreases in response to growth hormone (GH).1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSDARG00000052470 Expressed in 31 organ(s), highest expression level in liver

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts equally well with igf1 and igf2.

1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
7955.ENSDARP00000068816

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9PTH3

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini24 – 105IGFBP N-terminalPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST82
Domaini177 – 259Thyroglobulin type-1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST83

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi254 – 256Cell attachment siteSequence analysis3

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IHUR Eukaryota
ENOG4111GWQ LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000158542

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000253012

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9PTH3

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
DGTMNML

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
979270at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9PTH3

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF331211

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00191 TY, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
4.10.800.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009030 Growth_fac_rcpt_cys_sf
IPR012210 IGFBP-2
IPR000867 IGFBP-like
IPR009168 IGFBP1-6
IPR022321 IGFBP_1-6_chordata
IPR017891 Insulin_GF-bd_Cys-rich_CS
IPR000716 Thyroglobulin_1
IPR036857 Thyroglobulin_1_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11551 PTHR11551, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00219 IGFBP, 1 hit
PF00086 Thyroglobulin_1, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01976 IGFBPFAMILY
PR01978 IGFBPFAMILY2

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00121 IB, 1 hit
SM00211 TY, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF57184 SSF57184, 1 hit
SSF57610 SSF57610, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00222 IGFBP_N_1, 1 hit
PS51323 IGFBP_N_2, 1 hit
PS00484 THYROGLOBULIN_1_1, 1 hit
PS51162 THYROGLOBULIN_1_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q9PTH3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLSYVSCGLL LALVTFHGTA RSEMVFRCPS CTAERQAACP MLTETCGEIV
60 70 80 90 100
REPGCGCCPV CARQEGEQCG VYTPRCSSGL RCYPKPDSEL PLELLVQGLG
110 120 130 140 150
RCGRKVDTEP TGSAEPREVS GEVQDPLDIG LTEVPPIRKP TKDSPWKESA
160 170 180 190 200
VLQHRQQLKS KMKYHKVEDP KAPHAKQSQC QQELDQVLER ISKITFKDNR
210 220 230 240 250
TPLEDLYSLH IPNCDKRGQY NLKQCKMSVN GYRGECWCVN PHTGRPMPTS
260 270
PLIRGDPNCN QYLDGQEMDP SVDPPN
Length:276
Mass (Da):30,764
Last modified:May 1, 2000 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i37AB561B7C9947D7
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF198033 mRNA Translation: AAF23123.1
BC056331 mRNA Translation: AAH56331.1
BC153606 mRNA Translation: AAI53607.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_571533.1, NM_131458.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSDART00000074327; ENSDARP00000068816; ENSDARG00000052470
ENSDART00000182607; ENSDARP00000150294; ENSDARG00000111105

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
794176

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
dre:794176

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF198033 mRNA Translation: AAF23123.1
BC056331 mRNA Translation: AAH56331.1
BC153606 mRNA Translation: AAI53607.1
RefSeqiNP_571533.1, NM_131458.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9PTH3
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi7955.ENSDARP00000068816

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiI31.953

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9PTH3

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSDART00000074327; ENSDARP00000068816; ENSDARG00000052470
ENSDART00000182607; ENSDARP00000150294; ENSDARG00000111105
GeneIDi794176
KEGGidre:794176

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
794176
ZFINiZDB-GENE-000125-12 igfbp2a

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IHUR Eukaryota
ENOG4111GWQ LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000158542
HOGENOMiHOG000253012
InParanoidiQ9PTH3
OMAiDGTMNML
OrthoDBi979270at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9PTH3
TreeFamiTF331211

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9PTH3

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSDARG00000052470 Expressed in 31 organ(s), highest expression level in liver

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00191 TY, 1 hit
Gene3Di4.10.800.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009030 Growth_fac_rcpt_cys_sf
IPR012210 IGFBP-2
IPR000867 IGFBP-like
IPR009168 IGFBP1-6
IPR022321 IGFBP_1-6_chordata
IPR017891 Insulin_GF-bd_Cys-rich_CS
IPR000716 Thyroglobulin_1
IPR036857 Thyroglobulin_1_sf
PANTHERiPTHR11551 PTHR11551, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00219 IGFBP, 1 hit
PF00086 Thyroglobulin_1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01976 IGFBPFAMILY
PR01978 IGFBPFAMILY2
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00121 IB, 1 hit
SM00211 TY, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF57184 SSF57184, 1 hit
SSF57610 SSF57610, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00222 IGFBP_N_1, 1 hit
PS51323 IGFBP_N_2, 1 hit
PS00484 THYROGLOBULIN_1_1, 1 hit
PS51162 THYROGLOBULIN_1_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiIBP2A_DANRE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9PTH3
Secondary accession number(s): A8E5I5
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 10, 2004
Last sequence update: May 1, 2000
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 121 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome
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