Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 154 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 2000)
Previous versions | rss
Help videoAdd a publicationFeedback
Protein

Poly(A) RNA polymerase, mitochondrial

Gene

MTPAP

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Polymerase that creates the 3' poly(A) tail of mitochondrial transcripts. Can use all four nucleotides, but has higher activity with ATP and UTP (in vitro). Plays a role in replication-dependent histone mRNA degradation. May be involved in the terminal uridylation of mature histone mRNAs before their degradation is initiated. Might be responsible for the creation of some UAA stop codons which are not encoded in mtDNA.5 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+1 Publication, Mn2+1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=0.1 mM for ATP1 Publication
  2. KM=0.7 mM for UTP1 Publication

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi243Magnesium or manganese; catalyticBy similarity1
    Metal bindingi245Magnesium or manganese; catalyticBy similarity1

    Regions

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi107 – 109ATPSequence analysis3
    Nucleotide bindingi241 – 242ATPSequence analysis2

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    GO - Biological processi

    • histone mRNA catabolic process Source: UniProtKB
    • mRNA polyadenylation Source: UniProtKB

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionNucleotidyltransferase, RNA-binding, Transferase
    Biological processmRNA processing, Transcription
    LigandATP-binding, Magnesium, Manganese, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

    More...
    BRENDAi
    2.7.7.19 2681

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Poly(A) RNA polymerase, mitochondrial (EC:2.7.7.192 Publications)
    Short name:
    PAP
    Alternative name(s):
    PAP-associated domain-containing protein 1
    Polynucleotide adenylyltransferase
    Terminal uridylyltransferase 1
    Short name:
    TUTase 1
    mtPAP
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:MTPAP
    Synonyms:PAPD1
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
    • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 10

    Organism-specific databases

    Human Gene Nomenclature Database

    More...
    HGNCi
    HGNC:25532 MTPAP

    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

    More...
    MIMi
    613669 gene

    neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

    More...
    neXtProti
    NX_Q9NVV4

    <p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

    Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Cytoplasm, Mitochondrion

    <p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section provides information on the disease(s) associated with genetic variations in a given protein. The information is extracted from the scientific literature and diseases that are also described in the <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=omim">OMIM</a> database are represented with a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/diseases">controlled vocabulary</a> in the following way:<p><a href='/help/involvement_in_disease' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Involvement in diseasei

    Spastic ataxia 4, autosomal recessive (SPAX4)1 Publication
    The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. MTPAP mutations result in a defect of mitochondrial mRNA maturation. Affected individuals exhibit a drastic decrease in poly(A) tail length of mitochondrial mRNA transcripts, including COX1 and RNA14 (PubMed:20970105).1 Publication
    Disease descriptionA slowly progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by cerebellar ataxia, spastic paraparesis, dysarthria, and optic atrophy.
    Related information in OMIM
    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_064907478N → D in SPAX4. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs267606900EnsemblClinVar.1

    Mutagenesis

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi221 – 222YF → AA: Reduces dimerization. 1 Publication2
    Mutagenesisi230F → A: Reduced enzyme activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi259 – 261HKI → AAA: No effect on dimerization. Loss of dimerization and of enzyme activity; when associated with 294-AAAA-297. 1 Publication3
    Mutagenesisi294 – 297HFGP → AAGA: Reduced dimerization. Loss of dimerization and of enzyme activity; when associated with 259-AAA-261. 1 Publication4
    Mutagenesisi312L → A: Reduced enzyme activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi325D → A: Loss of enzyme activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi378F → A: Reduced enzyme activity. 1 Publication1

    Keywords - Diseasei

    Disease mutation, Neurodegeneration

    Organism-specific databases

    DisGeNET

    More...
    DisGeNETi
    55149

    MalaCards human disease database

    More...
    MalaCardsi
    MTPAP
    MIMi613672 phenotype

    Open Targets

    More...
    OpenTargetsi
    ENSG00000107951

    Orphanet; a database dedicated to information on rare diseases and orphan drugs

    More...
    Orphaneti
    254343 Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia-optic atrophy-dysarthria syndrome

    The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

    More...
    PharmGKBi
    PA164723192

    Miscellaneous databases

    Pharos NIH Druggable Genome Knowledgebase

    More...
    Pharosi
    Q9NVV4

    Polymorphism and mutation databases

    BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

    More...
    BioMutai
    MTPAP

    Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

    More...
    DMDMi
    74753002

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 37MitochondrionSequence analysisAdd BLAST37
    <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000025068938 – 582Poly(A) RNA polymerase, mitochondrialAdd BLAST545

    Amino acid modifications

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei90N6-acetyllysineCombined sources1

    Keywords - PTMi

    Acetylation

    Proteomic databases

    Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

    More...
    EPDi
    Q9NVV4

    jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

    More...
    jPOSTi
    Q9NVV4

    MassIVE - Mass Spectrometry Interactive Virtual Environment

    More...
    MassIVEi
    Q9NVV4

    MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

    More...
    MaxQBi
    Q9NVV4

    PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

    More...
    PaxDbi
    Q9NVV4

    PeptideAtlas

    More...
    PeptideAtlasi
    Q9NVV4

    PRoteomics IDEntifications database

    More...
    PRIDEi
    Q9NVV4

    ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

    More...
    ProteomicsDBi
    82864 [Q9NVV4-1]
    82865 [Q9NVV4-2]

    PTM databases

    iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

    More...
    iPTMneti
    Q9NVV4

    Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

    More...
    PhosphoSitePlusi
    Q9NVV4

    SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

    More...
    SwissPalmi
    Q9NVV4

    <p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

    Ubiquitous, with stronger expression in tissues with high energy requirements: heart, brain, and skeletal muscle.1 Publication

    Gene expression databases

    Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

    More...
    Bgeei
    ENSG00000107951 Expressed in 224 organ(s), highest expression level in oocyte

    ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

    More...
    ExpressionAtlasi
    Q9NVV4 baseline and differential

    Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

    More...
    Genevisiblei
    Q9NVV4 HS

    Organism-specific databases

    Human Protein Atlas

    More...
    HPAi
    HPA038620
    HPA058232

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

    Homodimer.

    1 Publication

    <p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

    GO - Molecular functioni

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

    More...
    BioGridi
    120452, 43 interactors

    Protein interaction database and analysis system

    More...
    IntActi
    Q9NVV4, 24 interactors

    Molecular INTeraction database

    More...
    MINTi
    Q9NVV4

    STRING: functional protein association networks

    More...
    STRINGi
    9606.ENSP00000263063

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    Secondary structure

    1582
    Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
    Show more details

    3D structure databases

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    Q9NVV4

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

    More...
    PDBe-KBi
    Search...

    Miscellaneous databases

    Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

    More...
    EvolutionaryTracei
    Q9NVV4

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    Domains and Repeats

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini437 – 483PAP-associatedAdd BLAST47

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the DNA polymerase type-B-like family.Curated

    Keywords - Domaini

    Transit peptide

    Phylogenomic databases

    evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

    More...
    eggNOGi
    KOG2277 Eukaryota
    COG5260 LUCA

    Ensembl GeneTree

    More...
    GeneTreei
    ENSGT00940000158582

    The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

    More...
    HOGENOMi
    HOG000115438

    InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

    More...
    InParanoidi
    Q9NVV4

    KEGG Orthology (KO)

    More...
    KOi
    K18060

    Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

    More...
    OMAi
    FYMSELL

    Database of Orthologous Groups

    More...
    OrthoDBi
    1188122at2759

    Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

    More...
    PhylomeDBi
    Q9NVV4

    TreeFam database of animal gene trees

    More...
    TreeFami
    TF354308

    Family and domain databases

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR002058 PAP_assoc
    IPR041252 RL

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF03828 PAP_assoc, 1 hit
    PF17797 RL, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2+)i

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

    This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

    This entry has 2 described isoforms and 2 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

    Isoform 1 (identifier: Q9NVV4-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

    This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MAVPGVGLLT RLNLCARRRT RVQRPIVRLL SCPGTVAKDL RRDEQPSGSV
    60 70 80 90 100
    ETGFEDKIPK RRFSEMQNER REQAQRTVLI HCPEKISENK FLKYLSQFGP
    110 120 130 140 150
    INNHFFYESF GLYAVVEFCQ KESIGSLQNG THTPSTAMET AIPFRSRFFN
    160 170 180 190 200
    LKLKNQTSER SRVRSSNQLP RSNKQLFELL CYAESIDDQL NTLLKEFQLT
    210 220 230 240 250
    EENTKLRYLT CSLIEDMAAA YFPDCIVRPF GSSVNTFGKL GCDLDMFLDL
    260 270 280 290 300
    DETRNLSAHK ISGNFLMEFQ VKNVPSERIA TQKILSVLGE CLDHFGPGCV
    310 320 330 340 350
    GVQKILNARC PLVRFSHQAS GFQCDLTTNN RIALTSSELL YIYGALDSRV
    360 370 380 390 400
    RALVFSVRCW ARAHSLTSSI PGAWITNFSL TMMVIFFLQR RSPPILPTLD
    410 420 430 440 450
    SLKTLADAED KCVIEGNNCT FVRDLSRIKP SQNTETLELL LKEFFEYFGN
    460 470 480 490 500
    FAFDKNSINI RQGREQNKPD SSPLYIQNPF ETSLNISKNV SQSQLQKFVD
    510 520 530 540 550
    LARESAWILQ QEDTDRPSIS SNRPWGLVSL LLPSAPNRKS FTKKKSNKFA
    560 570 580
    IETVKNLLES LKGNRTENFT KTSGKRTIST QT
    Length:582
    Mass (Da):66,172
    Last modified:October 1, 2000 - v1
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iEBA5BECEA39A5090
    GO
    Isoform 2 (identifier: Q9NVV4-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

    The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
         1-52: MAVPGVGLLT...DEQPSGSVET → MAWAKKVGGR...QELGAADKQG

    Note: No experimental confirmation available.
    Show »
    Length:712
    Mass (Da):78,833
    Checksum:i90B570568F0B7A26
    GO

    <p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

    There are 2 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
    EntryEntry nameProtein names
    Gene namesLengthAnnotation
    Q5T852Q5T852_HUMAN
    Poly(A) RNA polymerase, mitochondri...
    MTPAP
    219Annotation score:

    Annotation score:1 out of 5

    <p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
    Q5T851Q5T851_HUMAN
    Poly(A) RNA polymerase, mitochondri...
    MTPAP
    150Annotation score:

    Annotation score:1 out of 5

    <p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

    Experimental Info

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti507W → L in BAB13981 (PubMed:14702039).Curated1
    Sequence conflicti554V → A in BAB13981 (PubMed:14702039).Curated1

    Natural variant

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    Natural variantiVAR_027601162R → C. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs1047991EnsemblClinVar.1
    Natural variantiVAR_027602221Y → H1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs17855118Ensembl.1
    Natural variantiVAR_027603419C → R1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs17857517Ensembl.1
    Natural variantiVAR_064907478N → D in SPAX4. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs267606900EnsemblClinVar.1
    Natural variantiVAR_027604546S → N1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs17855116EnsemblClinVar.1

    Alternative sequence

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_0207241 – 52MAVPG…GSVET → MAWAKKVGGRAGQGRSLSRC DPIILDPEWLYGPPEGEGGP EGVGGETRASIHPPLRTGRH HQKVNHNIRGPEGSAKDAAP GGGGHHQAGPGQRGDEDGAL QHLCGGGGGVGVSVGRGTGT SVAAEHPSLQVKLLELQELV LRLAGDHNEGHGKFLAAAQN PADDPAPGAPAPQELGAADK QG in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST52

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AB194709 mRNA Translation: BAD98252.1
    AY364242 mRNA Translation: AAQ76801.1
    AK001348 mRNA Translation: BAA91641.1
    AK022188 mRNA Translation: BAB13981.1
    AL122121 mRNA Translation: CAH56395.1
    AL161651 Genomic DNA No translation available.
    AL353796 Genomic DNA No translation available.
    CH471072 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW86014.1
    CH471072 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW86015.1
    BC061703 mRNA Translation: AAH61703.1

    The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

    More...
    CCDSi
    CCDS7165.1 [Q9NVV4-1]

    NCBI Reference Sequences

    More...
    RefSeqi
    NP_060579.3, NM_018109.3 [Q9NVV4-1]

    Genome annotation databases

    Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

    More...
    Ensembli
    ENST00000263063; ENSP00000263063; ENSG00000107951 [Q9NVV4-1]

    Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

    More...
    GeneIDi
    55149

    KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

    More...
    KEGGi
    hsa:55149

    UCSC genome browser

    More...
    UCSCi
    uc001iva.5 human [Q9NVV4-1]

    Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

    Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AB194709 mRNA Translation: BAD98252.1
    AY364242 mRNA Translation: AAQ76801.1
    AK001348 mRNA Translation: BAA91641.1
    AK022188 mRNA Translation: BAB13981.1
    AL122121 mRNA Translation: CAH56395.1
    AL161651 Genomic DNA No translation available.
    AL353796 Genomic DNA No translation available.
    CH471072 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW86014.1
    CH471072 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW86015.1
    BC061703 mRNA Translation: AAH61703.1
    CCDSiCCDS7165.1 [Q9NVV4-1]
    RefSeqiNP_060579.3, NM_018109.3 [Q9NVV4-1]

    3D structure databases

    Select the link destinations:

    Protein Data Bank Europe

    More...
    PDBei

    Protein Data Bank RCSB

    More...
    RCSB PDBi

    Protein Data Bank Japan

    More...
    PDBji
    Links Updated
    PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
    3PQ1X-ray3.10A/B44-134[»]
    A/B172-452[»]
    A/B490-538[»]
    SMRiQ9NVV4
    ModBaseiSearch...
    PDBe-KBiSearch...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    BioGridi120452, 43 interactors
    IntActiQ9NVV4, 24 interactors
    MINTiQ9NVV4
    STRINGi9606.ENSP00000263063

    PTM databases

    iPTMnetiQ9NVV4
    PhosphoSitePlusiQ9NVV4
    SwissPalmiQ9NVV4

    Polymorphism and mutation databases

    BioMutaiMTPAP
    DMDMi74753002

    Proteomic databases

    EPDiQ9NVV4
    jPOSTiQ9NVV4
    MassIVEiQ9NVV4
    MaxQBiQ9NVV4
    PaxDbiQ9NVV4
    PeptideAtlasiQ9NVV4
    PRIDEiQ9NVV4
    ProteomicsDBi82864 [Q9NVV4-1]
    82865 [Q9NVV4-2]

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsembliENST00000263063; ENSP00000263063; ENSG00000107951 [Q9NVV4-1]
    GeneIDi55149
    KEGGihsa:55149
    UCSCiuc001iva.5 human [Q9NVV4-1]

    Organism-specific databases

    Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

    More...
    CTDi
    55149
    DisGeNETi55149

    GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

    More...
    GeneCardsi
    MTPAP
    HGNCiHGNC:25532 MTPAP
    HPAiHPA038620
    HPA058232
    MalaCardsiMTPAP
    MIMi613669 gene
    613672 phenotype
    neXtProtiNX_Q9NVV4
    OpenTargetsiENSG00000107951
    Orphaneti254343 Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia-optic atrophy-dysarthria syndrome
    PharmGKBiPA164723192

    GenAtlas: human gene database

    More...
    GenAtlasi
    Search...

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiKOG2277 Eukaryota
    COG5260 LUCA
    GeneTreeiENSGT00940000158582
    HOGENOMiHOG000115438
    InParanoidiQ9NVV4
    KOiK18060
    OMAiFYMSELL
    OrthoDBi1188122at2759
    PhylomeDBiQ9NVV4
    TreeFamiTF354308

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDAi2.7.7.19 2681

    Miscellaneous databases

    ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

    More...
    ChiTaRSi
    MTPAP human
    EvolutionaryTraceiQ9NVV4

    Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

    More...
    GenomeRNAii
    55149
    PharosiQ9NVV4

    Protein Ontology

    More...
    PROi
    PR:Q9NVV4

    The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

    More...
    SOURCEi
    Search...

    Gene expression databases

    BgeeiENSG00000107951 Expressed in 224 organ(s), highest expression level in oocyte
    ExpressionAtlasiQ9NVV4 baseline and differential
    GenevisibleiQ9NVV4 HS

    Family and domain databases

    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR002058 PAP_assoc
    IPR041252 RL
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF03828 PAP_assoc, 1 hit
    PF17797 RL, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPAPD1_HUMAN
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9NVV4
    Secondary accession number(s): D3DRX0
    , Q659E3, Q6P7E5, Q9HA74
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 3, 2006
    Last sequence update: October 1, 2000
    Last modified: October 16, 2019
    This is version 154 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
    DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. Human chromosome 10
      Human chromosome 10: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
    2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
      List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    3. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
    4. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
      Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    5. MIM cross-references
      Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    6. PDB cross-references
      Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
    UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
    Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

    We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

    Do not show this banner again