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Protein

Dual oxidase 2

Gene

DUOX2

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Generates hydrogen peroxide which is required for the activity of thyroid peroxidase/TPO and lactoperoxidase/LPO. Plays a role in thyroid hormones synthesis and lactoperoxidase-mediated antimicrobial defense at the surface of mucosa. May have its own peroxidase activity through its N-terminal peroxidase-like domain.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Peroxidase activity is inhibited by aminobenzohydrazide (By similarity). The NADPH oxidase activity is calcium-dependent.By similarity1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: thyroid hormone biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway thyroid hormone biosynthesis, which is part of Hormone biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway thyroid hormone biosynthesis and in Hormone biosynthesis.

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section specifies the position(s) of the calcium-binding region(s) within the protein. One common calcium-binding motif is the EF-hand, but other calcium-binding motifs also exist.<p><a href='/help/ca_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Calcium bindingi832 – 8431PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST12
Calcium bindingi868 – 8792PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST12

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • calcium ion binding Source: UniProtKB
  • heme binding Source: InterPro
  • NAD(P)H oxidase activity Source: UniProtKB
  • peroxidase activity Source: UniProtKB-KW

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase, Peroxidase
Biological processHydrogen peroxide, Thyroid hormones biosynthesis
LigandCalcium, FAD, Flavoprotein, Metal-binding, NADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
1.6.3.1 2681

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-209968 Thyroxine biosynthesis

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
Q9NRD8

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00194

Protein family/group databases

PeroxiBase, a peroxidase database

More...
PeroxiBasei
3338 HsDuOx02

Transport Classification Database

More...
TCDBi
5.B.1.1.7 the phagocyte (gp91(phox)) nadph oxidase family

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Dual oxidase 2 (EC:1.11.1.-, EC:1.6.3.1)
Alternative name(s):
Large NOX 2
Long NOX 2
NADH/NADPH thyroid oxidase p138-tox
NADPH oxidase/peroxidase DUOX2
NADPH thyroid oxidase 2
Thyroid oxidase 2
p138 thyroid oxidase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:DUOX2
Synonyms:LNOX2, THOX2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 15

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000140279.12

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:13273 DUOX2

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

More...
MIMi
606759 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_Q9NRD8

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini26 – 601ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST576
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei602 – 622HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini623 – 1041CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST419
Transmembranei1042 – 1062HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini1063 – 1076ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST14
Transmembranei1077 – 1097HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini1098 – 1128CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST31
Transmembranei1129 – 1151HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini1152 – 1185ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST34
Transmembranei1186 – 1206HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini1207 – 1223CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST17
Transmembranei1224 – 1244HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei1245 – 1265HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini1266 – 1548CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST283

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell junction, Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section provides information on the disease(s) associated with genetic variations in a given protein. The information is extracted from the scientific literature and diseases that are also described in the <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=omim">OMIM</a> database are represented with a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/diseases">controlled vocabulary</a> in the following way:<p><a href='/help/involvement_in_disease' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Involvement in diseasei

Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 6 (TDH6)4 Publications
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionA disorder due to a defective conversion of accumulated iodide to organically bound iodine. The iodide organification defect can be partial or complete.
See also OMIM:607200
Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_02532336Q → H in TDH6. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_025325376R → W in TDH6. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs119472029EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_0646191518G → S in TDH6; the enzyme is non-functional; expressed at the cell surface of cells albeit at low level. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs368512412Ensembl.1
Defects in DUOX2 may play a role in the pathogenesis of very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEOIBD), a chronic, relapsing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract with a complex etiology diagnosed before 6 years of age. VEOIBD is subdivided into Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis phenotypes. Crohn disease may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus, but the phenotype of children with onset of Crohn disease occurring younger than the age of 10 is predominantly colonic, with a lower risk of ileal disease. Bowel inflammation is transmural and discontinuous; it may contain granulomas or be associated with intestinal or perianal fistulas. In contrast, in ulcerative colitis, the inflammation is continuous and limited to rectal and colonic mucosal layers; fistulas and granulomas are not observed. Both diseases include extraintestinal inflammation of the skin, eyes, or joints.1 Publication

Keywords - Diseasei

Congenital hypothyroidism, Disease mutation

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
50506

MalaCards human disease database

More...
MalaCardsi
DUOX2
MIMi607200 phenotype

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000140279

Orphanet; a database dedicated to information on rare diseases and orphan drugs

More...
Orphaneti
95716 Familial thyroid dyshormonogenesis
226316 Genetic transient congenital hypothyroidism

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA27517

Chemistry databases

IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY

More...
GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi
2999

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
DUOX2

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
296434485

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 25Sequence analysisAdd BLAST25
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000022334926 – 1548Dual oxidase 2Add BLAST1523

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi100N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi124 ↔ 11621 Publication
Glycosylationi348N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi382N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi455N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi537N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi568Interchain (with C-167 in DUOXA2)1 Publication
Disulfide bondi582Interchain (with C-233 in DUOXA2)1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

N-glycosylated.1 Publication

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
Q9NRD8

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9NRD8

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q9NRD8

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9NRD8

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
82340

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q9NRD8

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q9NRD8

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in colon, small intestine, duodenum and tracheal surface epithelial cells (at protein level). Expressed in thyrocytes. Also detected in kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, prostate, salivary glands, rectum and testis.5 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at the protein level’.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Widely expressed in fetal tissues.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By forskolin, thyrotropin and the Th1-specific cytokine IFNG/IFN-gamma.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000140279 Expressed in 119 organ(s), highest expression level in nasal cavity epithelium

CleanEx database of gene expression profiles

More...
CleanExi
HS_DUOX2

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q9NRD8 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9NRD8 HS

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer with DUOXA2; disulfide-linked. Interacts with TXNDC11, TPO and CYBA.2 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
Q9NRD8, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000373691

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q9NRD8

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini819 – 854EF-hand 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST36
Domaini855 – 890EF-hand 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST36
Domaini899 – 934EF-hand 3PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST36
Domaini1084 – 1266Ferric oxidoreductaseAdd BLAST183
Domaini1267 – 1373FAD-binding FR-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST107

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni30 – 596Peroxidase-like; mediates peroxidase activityBy similarityAdd BLAST567
Regioni960 – 1245Interaction with TXNDC11By similarityAdd BLAST286

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

In the N-terminal section; belongs to the peroxidase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, Signal, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0039 Eukaryota
ENOG410XNZY LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000160291

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000231774

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG080428

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9NRD8

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K13411

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G00PO

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9NRD8

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF105424

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd09820 dual_peroxidase_like, 1 hit
cd00051 EFh, 2 hits

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.640.10, 1 hit
3.40.50.80, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR034818 DUOX2
IPR034821 DUOX_peroxidase
IPR011992 EF-hand-dom_pair
IPR018247 EF_Hand_1_Ca_BS
IPR002048 EF_hand_dom
IPR013112 FAD-bd_8
IPR017927 FAD-bd_FR_type
IPR013130 Fe3_Rdtase_TM_dom
IPR013121 Fe_red_NAD-bd_6
IPR039261 FNR_nucleotide-bd
IPR010255 Haem_peroxidase
IPR019791 Haem_peroxidase_animal
IPR037120 Haem_peroxidase_sf
IPR017938 Riboflavin_synthase-like_b-brl

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11972:SF67 PTHR11972:SF67, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF03098 An_peroxidase, 1 hit
PF00036 EF-hand_1, 1 hit
PF08022 FAD_binding_8, 1 hit
PF01794 Ferric_reduct, 1 hit
PF08030 NAD_binding_6, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00457 ANPEROXIDASE

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00054 EFh, 2 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47473 SSF47473, 1 hit
SSF48113 SSF48113, 1 hit
SSF52343 SSF52343, 1 hit
SSF63380 SSF63380, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00018 EF_HAND_1, 2 hits
PS50222 EF_HAND_2, 3 hits
PS51384 FAD_FR, 1 hit
PS50292 PEROXIDASE_3, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q9NRD8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLRARPEALM LLGALLTGSL GPSGNQDALS LPWEVQRYDG WFNNLRHHER
60 70 80 90 100
GAVGCRLQRR VPANYADGVY QALEEPQLPN PRRLSNAATR GIAGLPSLHN
110 120 130 140 150
RTVLGVFFGY HVLSDVVSVE TPGCPAEFLN IRIPPGDPVF DPDQRGDVVL
160 170 180 190 200
PFQRSRWDPE TGRSPSNPRD LANQVTGWLD GSAIYGSSHS WSDALRSFSG
210 220 230 240 250
GQLASGPDPA FPRDSQNPLL MWAAPDPATG QNGPRGLYAF GAERGNREPF
260 270 280 290 300
LQALGLLWFR YHNLWAQRLA RQHPDWEDEE LFQHARKRVI ATYQNIAVYE
310 320 330 340 350
WLPSFLQKTL PEYTGYRPFL DPSISPEFVV ASEQFFSTMV PPGVYMRNAS
360 370 380 390 400
CHFRKVLNKG FQSSQALRVC NNYWIRENPN LNSTQEVNEL LLGMASQISE
410 420 430 440 450
LEDNIVVEDL RDYWPGPGKF SRTDYVASSI QRGRDMGLPS YSQALLAFGL
460 470 480 490 500
DIPRNWSDLN PNVDPQVLEA TAALYNQDLS QLELLLGGLL ESHGDPGPLF
510 520 530 540 550
SAIVLDQFVR LRDGDRYWFE NTRNGLFSKK EIEDIRNTTL RDVLVAVINI
560 570 580 590 600
DPSALQPNVF VWHKGAPCPQ PKQLTTDGLP QCAPLTVLDF FEGSSPGFAI
610 620 630 640 650
TIIALCCLPL VSLLLSGVVA YFRGREHKKL QKKLKESVKK EAAKDGVPAM
660 670 680 690 700
EWPGPKERSS PIIIQLLSDR CLQVLNRHLT VLRVVQLQPL QQVNLILSNN
710 720 730 740 750
RGCRTLLLKI PKEYDLVLLF SSEEERGAFV QQLWDFCVRW ALGLHVAEMS
760 770 780 790 800
EKELFRKAVT KQQRERILEI FFRHLFAQVL DINQADAGTL PLDSSQKVRE
810 820 830 840 850
ALTCELSRAE FAESLGLKPQ DMFVESMFSL ADKDGNGYLS FREFLDILVV
860 870 880 890 900
FMKGSPEDKS RLMFTMYDLD ENGFLSKDEF FTMMRSFIEI SNNCLSKAQL
910 920 930 940 950
AEVVESMFRE SGFQDKEELT WEDFHFMLRD HDSELRFTQL CVKGGGGGGN
960 970 980 990 1000
GIRDIFKQNI SCRVSFITRT PGERSHPQGL GPPAPEAPEL GGPGLKKRFG
1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
KKAAVPTPRL YTEALQEKMQ RGFLAQKLQQ YKRFVENYRR HIVCVAIFSA
1060 1070 1080 1090 1100
ICVGVFADRA YYYGFASPPS DIAQTTLVGI ILSRGTAASV SFMFSYILLT
1110 1120 1130 1140 1150
MCRNLITFLR ETFLNRYVPF DAAVDFHRWI AMAAVVLAIL HSAGHAVNVY
1160 1170 1180 1190 1200
IFSVSPLSLL ACIFPNVFVN DGSKLPQKFY WWFFQTVPGM TGVLLLLVLA
1210 1220 1230 1240 1250
IMYVFASHHF RRRSFRGFWL THHLYILLYA LLIIHGSYAL IQLPTFHIYF
1260 1270 1280 1290 1300
LVPAIIYGGD KLVSLSRKKV EISVVKAELL PSGVTYLQFQ RPQGFEYKSG
1310 1320 1330 1340 1350
QWVRIACLAL GTTEYHPFTL TSAPHEDTLS LHIRAVGPWT TRLREIYSSP
1360 1370 1380 1390 1400
KGNGCAGYPK LYLDGPFGEG HQEWHKFEVS VLVGGGIGVT PFASILKDLV
1410 1420 1430 1440 1450
FKSSLGSQML CKKIYFIWVT RTQRQFEWLA DIIQEVEEND HQDLVSVHIY
1460 1470 1480 1490 1500
VTQLAEKFDL RTTMLYICER HFQKVLNRSL FTGLRSITHF GRPPFEPFFN
1510 1520 1530 1540
SLQEVHPQVR KIGVFSCGPP GMTKNVEKAC QLVNRQDRAH FMHHYENF
Length:1,548
Mass (Da):175,364
Last modified:May 18, 2010 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i7BAA2350EC0A2A7E
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
X6RAN8X6RAN8_HUMAN
Dual oxidase 2
DUOX2
1,548Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti25N → S in AAF73922 (PubMed:10806195).Curated1
Sequence conflicti25N → S in AAF78954 (PubMed:11514595).Curated1
Sequence conflicti984A → V in AAF78954 (PubMed:11514595).Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_02532336Q → H in TDH6. 1 Publication1
Natural variantiVAR_025324138P → L1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2001616EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_025325376R → W in TDH6. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs119472029EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_061177678H → R. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs57659670EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_0470751067S → L3 PublicationsCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs269868EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_0755491211R → C Found in a patient with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease; unknown pathological significance; no effect on subcellular location; significantly reduced ROS generation, which may decrease resistance to infection by enteric pathogens, such as Escherichia coli. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs374410986Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_0755501492R → C Found in a patient with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease; unknown pathological significance; no effect on subcellular location; significantly reduced ROS generation, which may decrease resistance to infection by enteric pathogens, such as Escherichia coli. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs374410986Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_0646191518G → S in TDH6; the enzyme is non-functional; expressed at the cell surface of cells albeit at low level. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs368512412Ensembl.1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF230496 mRNA Translation: AAF73922.1
AF267981 mRNA Translation: AAF78954.1
AC091117 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AF181972 mRNA Translation: AAF20055.1
GU174495 Genomic DNA Translation: ADB22378.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS10117.1
CCDS86454.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_054799.4, NM_014080.4

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Hs.71377

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000603300; ENSP00000475084; ENSG00000140279

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
50506

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:50506

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc010bea.4 human

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/cross_references_section">Cross-references</a> section provides links to various web resources that are relevant for a specific protein.<p><a href='/help/web_resource' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Web resourcesi

Undiagnosed Disease Network

DUOX2

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF230496 mRNA Translation: AAF73922.1
AF267981 mRNA Translation: AAF78954.1
AC091117 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AF181972 mRNA Translation: AAF20055.1
GU174495 Genomic DNA Translation: ADB22378.1
CCDSiCCDS10117.1
CCDS86454.1
RefSeqiNP_054799.4, NM_014080.4
UniGeneiHs.71377

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9NRD8
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ9NRD8, 1 interactor
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000373691

Chemistry databases

GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi2999

Protein family/group databases

PeroxiBasei3338 HsDuOx02
TCDBi5.B.1.1.7 the phagocyte (gp91(phox)) nadph oxidase family

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ9NRD8
PhosphoSitePlusiQ9NRD8

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiDUOX2
DMDMi296434485

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ9NRD8
PaxDbiQ9NRD8
PeptideAtlasiQ9NRD8
PRIDEiQ9NRD8
ProteomicsDBi82340

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
50506
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000603300; ENSP00000475084; ENSG00000140279
GeneIDi50506
KEGGihsa:50506
UCSCiuc010bea.4 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
50506
DisGeNETi50506
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000140279.12

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
DUOX2

H-Invitational Database, human transcriptome db

More...
H-InvDBi
HIX0038086
HGNCiHGNC:13273 DUOX2
MalaCardsiDUOX2
MIMi606759 gene
607200 phenotype
neXtProtiNX_Q9NRD8
OpenTargetsiENSG00000140279
Orphaneti95716 Familial thyroid dyshormonogenesis
226316 Genetic transient congenital hypothyroidism
PharmGKBiPA27517

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0039 Eukaryota
ENOG410XNZY LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000160291
HOGENOMiHOG000231774
HOVERGENiHBG080428
InParanoidiQ9NRD8
KOiK13411
OrthoDBiEOG091G00PO
PhylomeDBiQ9NRD8
TreeFamiTF105424

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00194

BRENDAi1.6.3.1 2681
ReactomeiR-HSA-209968 Thyroxine biosynthesis
SABIO-RKiQ9NRD8

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
DUOX2 human

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

More...
GeneWikii
Dual_oxidase_2

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
50506

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9NRD8

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000140279 Expressed in 119 organ(s), highest expression level in nasal cavity epithelium
CleanExiHS_DUOX2
ExpressionAtlasiQ9NRD8 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ9NRD8 HS

Family and domain databases

CDDicd09820 dual_peroxidase_like, 1 hit
cd00051 EFh, 2 hits
Gene3Di1.10.640.10, 1 hit
3.40.50.80, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR034818 DUOX2
IPR034821 DUOX_peroxidase
IPR011992 EF-hand-dom_pair
IPR018247 EF_Hand_1_Ca_BS
IPR002048 EF_hand_dom
IPR013112 FAD-bd_8
IPR017927 FAD-bd_FR_type
IPR013130 Fe3_Rdtase_TM_dom
IPR013121 Fe_red_NAD-bd_6
IPR039261 FNR_nucleotide-bd
IPR010255 Haem_peroxidase
IPR019791 Haem_peroxidase_animal
IPR037120 Haem_peroxidase_sf
IPR017938 Riboflavin_synthase-like_b-brl
PANTHERiPTHR11972:SF67 PTHR11972:SF67, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03098 An_peroxidase, 1 hit
PF00036 EF-hand_1, 1 hit
PF08022 FAD_binding_8, 1 hit
PF01794 Ferric_reduct, 1 hit
PF08030 NAD_binding_6, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00457 ANPEROXIDASE
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00054 EFh, 2 hits
SUPFAMiSSF47473 SSF47473, 1 hit
SSF48113 SSF48113, 1 hit
SSF52343 SSF52343, 1 hit
SSF63380 SSF63380, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00018 EF_HAND_1, 2 hits
PS50222 EF_HAND_2, 3 hits
PS51384 FAD_FR, 1 hit
PS50292 PEROXIDASE_3, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiDUOX2_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9NRD8
Secondary accession number(s): A8MQ13
, D2XI64, Q9NR02, Q9UHF9
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 21, 2006
Last sequence update: May 18, 2010
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 155 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Human chromosome 15
    Human chromosome 15: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  5. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  6. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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