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Entry version 89 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 2000)
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Protein

DNA topoisomerase I

Gene

TOP1

Organism
Leishmania donovani donovani
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Releases the supercoiling and torsional tension of DNA introduced during the DNA replication and transcription by transiently cleaving and rejoining one strand of the DNA duplex. Introduces a single-strand break via transesterification at the specific target site 5'-[CT]CCTTp site in duplex DNA. The scissile phosphodiester is attacked by the catalytic tyrosine of the enzyme, resulting in the formation of a DNA-(3'-phosphotyrosyl)-enzyme intermediate and the expulsion of a 5'-OH DNA strand. The free DNA strand then undergoes passage around the unbroken strand thus removing DNA supercoils. Finally, in the religation step, the DNA 5'-OH attacks the covalent intermediate to expel the active-site tyrosine and restore the DNA phosphodiester backbone.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • ATP-independent breakage of single-stranded DNA, followed by passage and rejoining.UniRule annotation EC:5.6.2.1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-bindingUniRule annotation, Isomerase, TopoisomeraseUniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
DNA topoisomerase IUniRule annotation (EC:5.6.2.1UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
DNA topoisomerase 1UniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:TOP1Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiLeishmania donovani donovaniImported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri99875 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaEuglenozoaKinetoplastidaTrypanosomatidaeLeishmaniinaeLeishmania

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei165 – 190HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST26
Transmembranei255 – 274HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST20

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL6193

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9NJG8

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini501 – 908TOPEUcInterPro annotationAdd BLAST408

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni846 – 949DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST104

Coiled coil

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section denotes the positions of regions of coiled coil within the protein.<p><a href='/help/coiled' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Coiled coili451 – 471Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Coiled coili798 – 825Sequence analysisAdd BLAST28

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi846 – 869PolyampholyteSequence analysisAdd BLAST24
Compositional biasi870 – 898BasicSequence analysisAdd BLAST29
Compositional biasi899 – 916PolyampholyteSequence analysisAdd BLAST18
Compositional biasi932 – 949PolyampholyteSequence analysisAdd BLAST18

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the type IB topoisomerase family.UniRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coilSequence analysis, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helixSequence analysis

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00659 Topo_IB_C, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.10.41, 1 hit
2.170.11.10, 1 hit
3.90.15.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011010 DNA_brk_join_enz
IPR013034 DNA_topo_DNA_db_N_dom1
IPR013030 DNA_topo_DNA_db_N_dom2
IPR001631 TopoI
IPR014711 TopoI_cat_a-hlx-sub_euk
IPR013500 TopoI_cat_euk
IPR008336 TopoI_DNA-bd_euk
IPR036202 TopoI_DNA-bd_euk_N_sf
IPR013499 TopoI_euk

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01028 Topoisom_I, 1 hit
PF02919 Topoisom_I_N, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00416 EUTPISMRASEI

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00435 TOPEUc, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56349 SSF56349, 1 hit
SSF56741 SSF56741, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9NJG8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPLPGGGTEV LKGITLLTQH HGLKPVQPMS FCYLSFLNRH THEHHLRLHC
60 70 80 90 100
CRPHAYARAH PCTCLIDFPL TSYPISQQCA PRLLPLPRQP PLSSQPAEAP
110 120 130 140 150
SQIGTKDGLL LFRVSNRPQW VFCVCVCVRA CPSFPLPRSC DFNRRGAVSP
160 170 180 190 200
LSSPPRRAPV CCWRFFFHSC SFFFLVLYLL SAPYFCSLWA RCANEEDKQN
210 220 230 240 250
KLRIKQHETK KETPFRVCGG DCPSCCVGLS SHLFFPRWRL LVPPLPYTLD
260 270 280 290 300
SNNSIFCVFH LFIYFLVCLF VSLAPSTYPF VPLCQLRTLH LYEPRPHIGT
310 320 330 340 350
PLRCFCCHRD SIRRIMKVEN SKMGVKREQS HSNEDEEINE EDLNWWEQEN
360 370 380 390 400
LRIAMKGERR WETLAHNGVL FPPEYEPHGI PIFYDGREFK MTPEEEEVAT
410 420 430 440 450
MFAVMKEHDY YRMEVFRRNF FESWREILDK RQHPIRRLEL CDFEPIYQWH
460 470 480 490 500
LVQREKKLSR TKEEKKAIKE KQDAEAEPYR YCVWDGRREQ VANFRVEPPG
510 520 530 540 550
LFRGRGKHPL MGKLKVRVQP EDITINIGET AEVPVPPAGH KWAAVQHDHT
560 570 580 590 600
VTWLAMWRDS VAGNMKYVML APSSSVKGQS DMVKFEKARK LKDKVDDIRA
610 620 630 640 650
SYMEDFKSND LHVAQRAVAM YIDRLALRVG NEKGEDEADT VGCCSLRVEH
660 670 680 690 700
IQLMPDNIVR FDFLGKDSIR YQNDVAVLPE VYALLQRFTR RKSPGMDIFD
710 720 730 740 750
QLNPTQLNDH LKSFMDGLSA KVFRTYNASI TLDRWFKEKP VDPKWSTADK
760 770 780 790 800
LAYFNKANTE VAILCNHQKS VSKNFKLQMM QLTTKSEYTR KTIELLEKAE
810 820 830 840 850
VTAKKKSVEE AAKEFLEEQD RMQREWLESY GTEEQKKEFE EIVAKRAAPR
860 870 880 890 900
VRSEKKKSTS GAKKAESASG KKRAAKKKKS AKKGGKMLSK KAASKSSKKA
910 920 930 940
PKKLKEEDED DVPLVSVAAK TKKTAGVKRQ RANKVVSDDD DVPLAALRV
Length:949
Mass (Da):109,572
Last modified:October 1, 2000 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i65A4ACFE4A687B84
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF150877 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF73185.1

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF150877 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF73185.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9NJG8
ModBaseiSearch...

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL6193

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00659 Topo_IB_C, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.10.41, 1 hit
2.170.11.10, 1 hit
3.90.15.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011010 DNA_brk_join_enz
IPR013034 DNA_topo_DNA_db_N_dom1
IPR013030 DNA_topo_DNA_db_N_dom2
IPR001631 TopoI
IPR014711 TopoI_cat_a-hlx-sub_euk
IPR013500 TopoI_cat_euk
IPR008336 TopoI_DNA-bd_euk
IPR036202 TopoI_DNA-bd_euk_N_sf
IPR013499 TopoI_euk
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01028 Topoisom_I, 1 hit
PF02919 Topoisom_I_N, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00416 EUTPISMRASEI
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00435 TOPEUc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56349 SSF56349, 1 hit
SSF56741 SSF56741, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiQ9NJG8_LEIDO
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9NJG8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: October 1, 2000
Last sequence update: October 1, 2000
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 89 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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