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Entry version 113 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 2000)
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Protein

Apoptosis regulator Bcl-2

Gene

BCL2

Organism
Cricetulus griseus (Chinese hamster) (Cricetulus barabensis griseus)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Suppresses apoptosis in a variety of cell systems including factor-dependent lymphohematopoietic and neural cells. Regulates cell death by controlling the mitochondrial membrane permeability. Appears to function in a feedback loop system with caspases. Inhibits caspase activity either by preventing the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria and/or by binding to the apoptosis-activating factor (APAF-1) (By similarity). May attenuate inflammation by impairing NLRP1-inflammasome activation, hence CASP1 activation and IL1B release (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processApoptosis

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Apoptosis regulator Bcl-2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:BCL2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiCricetulus griseus (Chinese hamster) (Cricetulus barabensis griseus)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10029 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaCricetidaeCricetinaeCricetulus

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei209 – 230HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST22

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Endoplasmic reticulum, Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion outer membrane, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001430471 – 236Apoptosis regulator Bcl-2Add BLAST236

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei69Phosphothreonine; by MAPK8By similarity1
Modified residuei70Phosphoserine; by MAPK8 and PKCBy similarity1
Modified residuei84Phosphoserine; by MAPK8By similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylation/dephosphorylation on Ser-70 regulates anti-apoptotic activity. Growth factor-stimulated phosphorylation on Ser-70 by PKC is required for the anti-apoptosis activity and occurs during the G2/M phase of the cell cycle (By similarity). In the absence of growth factors, BCL2 appears to be phosphorylated by other protein kinases such as ERKs and stress-activated kinases (By similarity). Phosphorylated by MAPK8/JNK1 at Thr-69, Ser-70 and Ser-84, wich stimulates starvation-induced autophagy (By similarity). Dephosphorylated by protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) (By similarity).By similarity
Proteolytically cleaved by caspases during apoptosis. The cleaved protein, lacking the BH4 motif, has pro-apoptotic activity, causes the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol promoting further caspase activity.1 Publication
Monoubiquitinated by PRKN, leading to increase its stability. Ubiquitinated by SCF(FBXO10), leading to its degradation by the proteasome.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei64 – 65Cleavage; by caspase-3 and caspase-92

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9JJV8

Miscellaneous databases

CutDB - Proteolytic event database

More...
PMAP-CutDBi
Q9JJV8

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Forms homodimers, and heterodimers with BAX, BAD, BAK and Bcl-X(L). Heterodimerization with BAX requires intact BH1 and BH2 motifs, and is necessary for anti-apoptotic activity (By similarity).

Also interacts with APAF1, BBC3, BCL2L1, BNIPL, EI24, MRPL41 and TP53BP2. Binding to FKBP8 seems to target BCL2 to the mitochondria and probably interferes with the binding of BCL2 to its targets.

Interacts with BAG1 in an ATP-dependent manner.

Interacts with RAF1 (the 'Ser-338' and 'Ser-339' phosphorylated form).

Interacts (via the BH4 domain) with EGLN3; the interaction prevents the formation of the BAX-BCL2 complex and inhibits the anti-apoptotic activity of BCL2 (By similarity).

Interacts with G0S2; this interaction also prevents the formation of the anti-apoptotic BAX-BCL2 complex (By similarity).

Interacts with BOP (By similarity).

Interacts with the SCF(FBXO10) complex (By similarity).

Interacts (via the loop between motifs BH4 and BH3) with NLRP1 (via LRR repeats) (By similarity).

Interacts with GIMAP3/IAN4, GIMAP4/IAN1 and GIMAP5/IAN5 (By similarity).

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q9JJV8, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10029.XP_007611354.1

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi10 – 30BH4Add BLAST21
Motifi90 – 104BH3Add BLAST15
Motifi133 – 152BH1Add BLAST20
Motifi184 – 199BH2Add BLAST16

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The BH4 motif is required for anti-apoptotic activity and for interaction with RAF1 and EGLN3.By similarity
BH1 and BH2 domains are required for the interaction with BAX and for anti-apoptotic activity.By similarity
The loop between motifs BH4 and BH3 is required for the interaction with NLRP1.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the Bcl-2 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.437.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013278 Apop_reg_Bcl2
IPR002475 Bcl2-like
IPR004725 Bcl2/BclX
IPR020717 Bcl2_BH1_motif_CS
IPR020726 Bcl2_BH2_motif_CS
IPR020728 Bcl2_BH3_motif_CS
IPR003093 Bcl2_BH4
IPR020731 Bcl2_BH4_motif_CS
IPR036834 Blc2-like_sf
IPR026298 Blc2_fam

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11256 PTHR11256, 1 hit
PTHR11256:SF11 PTHR11256:SF11, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00452 Bcl-2, 1 hit
PF02180 BH4, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01863 APOPREGBCL2
PR01862 BCL2FAMILY

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00265 BH4, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56854 SSF56854, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00865 bcl-2, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50062 BCL2_FAMILY, 1 hit
PS01080 BH1, 1 hit
PS01258 BH2, 1 hit
PS01259 BH3, 1 hit
PS01260 BH4_1, 1 hit
PS50063 BH4_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9JJV8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAQAGRTGYD NREIVMKYIH YKLSQRGYEW DVGDVDAAPL GAAPTPGIFS
60 70 80 90 100
FQPESNPTPA VHRDMAARTS PLRPIVATTG PTLSPVPPVV HLTLRRAGDD
110 120 130 140 150
FSRRYRRDFA EMSSQLHLTP FTARGRFATV VEELFRDGVN WGRIVAFFEF
160 170 180 190 200
GGVMCVESVN REMSPLVDNI ALWMTEYLNR HLHTWIQDNG GWDAFVELYG
210 220 230
PSVRPLFDFS WLSLKTLLSL ALVGACITLG TYLGHK
Length:236
Mass (Da):26,491
Last modified:October 1, 2000 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iBECADF1EF3337228
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ271720 mRNA Translation: CAB92245.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
JC7383

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ271720 mRNA Translation: CAB92245.1
PIRiJC7383

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ9JJV8, 1 interactor
STRINGi10029.XP_007611354.1

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ9JJV8

Miscellaneous databases

PMAP-CutDBiQ9JJV8

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.437.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013278 Apop_reg_Bcl2
IPR002475 Bcl2-like
IPR004725 Bcl2/BclX
IPR020717 Bcl2_BH1_motif_CS
IPR020726 Bcl2_BH2_motif_CS
IPR020728 Bcl2_BH3_motif_CS
IPR003093 Bcl2_BH4
IPR020731 Bcl2_BH4_motif_CS
IPR036834 Blc2-like_sf
IPR026298 Blc2_fam
PANTHERiPTHR11256 PTHR11256, 1 hit
PTHR11256:SF11 PTHR11256:SF11, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00452 Bcl-2, 1 hit
PF02180 BH4, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01863 APOPREGBCL2
PR01862 BCL2FAMILY
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00265 BH4, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56854 SSF56854, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00865 bcl-2, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50062 BCL2_FAMILY, 1 hit
PS01080 BH1, 1 hit
PS01258 BH2, 1 hit
PS01259 BH3, 1 hit
PS01260 BH4_1, 1 hit
PS50063 BH4_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiBCL2_CRIGR
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9JJV8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 26, 2001
Last sequence update: October 1, 2000
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 113 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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