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Entry version 129 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Mar 2001)
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Protein

Melanocortin receptor 4

Gene

MC4R

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Receptor specific to the heptapeptide core common to adrenocorticotropic hormone and alpha-, beta-, and gamma-MSH. Plays a central role in energy homeostasis and somatic growth. This receptor is mediated by G proteins that stimulate adenylate cyclase (cAMP).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionG-protein coupled receptor, Receptor, Transducer

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-375276 Peptide ligand-binding receptors
R-BTA-418555 G alpha (s) signalling events

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Melanocortin receptor 4
Short name:
MC4-R
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:MC4R
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 24

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:31295 MC4R

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 43ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST43
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei44 – 69Helical; Name=1Sequence analysisAdd BLAST26
Topological domaini70 – 81CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST12
Transmembranei82 – 106Helical; Name=2Sequence analysisAdd BLAST25
Topological domaini107 – 123ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST17
Transmembranei124 – 145Helical; Name=3Sequence analysisAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini146 – 165CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST20
Transmembranei166 – 186Helical; Name=4Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini187 – 191ExtracellularSequence analysis5
Transmembranei192 – 215Helical; Name=5Sequence analysisAdd BLAST24
Topological domaini216 – 248CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST33
Transmembranei249 – 271Helical; Name=6Sequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini272 – 280ExtracellularSequence analysis9
Transmembranei281 – 304Helical; Name=7Sequence analysisAdd BLAST24
Topological domaini305 – 332CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST28

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000697211 – 332Melanocortin receptor 4Add BLAST332

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi2N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi17N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi26N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi84InterchainPROSITE-ProRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi318S-palmitoyl cysteineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein, Lipoprotein, Palmitate

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9GLJ8

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9GLJ8

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000019676 Expressed in brain and 3 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with ATRNL1 (By similarity). Homodimer; disulfide-linked, also forms higher order oligomers.

Interacts with MGRN1, but does not undergo MGRN1-mediated ubiquitination; this interaction competes with GNAS-binding and thus inhibits agonist-induced cAMP production.

Interacts with MRAP and MRAP2; these associated factors increase ligand-sensitivity and generation of cAMP (By similarity).

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000026223

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3656 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRW9 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00960000186617

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_009579_13_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9GLJ8

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K04202

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
GTGTIRQ

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
869396at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF332646

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000276 GPCR_Rhodpsn
IPR017452 GPCR_Rhodpsn_7TM
IPR000155 Mcort_rcpt_4
IPR001908 Melancort_rcpt
IPR001671 Melcrt_ACTH_rcpt

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00001 7tm_1, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00237 GPCRRHODOPSN
PR00534 MCRFAMILY
PR00535 MELNOCORTINR
PR01062 MELNOCORTN4R

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01381 7TM_GPCR_Srsx, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00237 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F1_1, 1 hit
PS50262 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F1_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9GLJ8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MNSTQPLGMH TSLHSWNRSA HGMPTNVSES LAKGYSDGGC YEQLFVSPEV
60 70 80 90 100
FVTLGVISLL ENILVIVAIA KNKNLHSPMY FFICSLAVAD MLVSVSNGSE
110 120 130 140 150
TIVITLLNST DTDAQSFTVD IDNVIDSVIC SSLLASICSL LSIAVDRYFT
160 170 180 190 200
IFYALQYHNI MTVKRVAITI SAIWAACTVS GVLFIIYSDS SAVIICLITV
210 220 230 240 250
FFTMLALMAS LYVHMFLMAR LHIKRIAVLP GSGTIRQGAN MKGAITLTIL
260 270 280 290 300
IGVFVVCWAP FFLHLIFYIS CPQNPYCVCF MSHFNLYLIL IMCNSIIDPL
310 320 330
IYALRSQELR KTFKEIICCS PLGGLCDLSS RY
Length:332
Mass (Da):36,620
Last modified:March 1, 2001 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC28356955F9D8FBD
GO

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural varianti145V → A1 Publication1
Natural varianti172A → T1 Publication1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF265221 mRNA Translation: AAG17639.1
BC148892 mRNA Translation: AAI48893.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_776535.1, NM_174110.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000026223; ENSBTAP00000026223; ENSBTAG00000019676

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
281300

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:281300

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF265221 mRNA Translation: AAG17639.1
BC148892 mRNA Translation: AAI48893.1
RefSeqiNP_776535.1, NM_174110.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000026223

Protein family/group databases

Information system for G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs)

More...
GPCRDBi
Search...

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9GLJ8
PRIDEiQ9GLJ8

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000026223; ENSBTAP00000026223; ENSBTAG00000019676
GeneIDi281300
KEGGibta:281300

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
4160
VGNCiVGNC:31295 MC4R

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3656 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRW9 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00960000186617
HOGENOMiCLU_009579_13_0_1
InParanoidiQ9GLJ8
KOiK04202
OMAiGTGTIRQ
OrthoDBi869396at2759
TreeFamiTF332646

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-375276 Peptide ligand-binding receptors
R-BTA-418555 G alpha (s) signalling events

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000019676 Expressed in brain and 3 other tissues

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000276 GPCR_Rhodpsn
IPR017452 GPCR_Rhodpsn_7TM
IPR000155 Mcort_rcpt_4
IPR001908 Melancort_rcpt
IPR001671 Melcrt_ACTH_rcpt
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00001 7tm_1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00237 GPCRRHODOPSN
PR00534 MCRFAMILY
PR00535 MELNOCORTINR
PR01062 MELNOCORTN4R
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01381 7TM_GPCR_Srsx, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00237 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F1_1, 1 hit
PS50262 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F1_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMC4R_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9GLJ8
Secondary accession number(s): A6QNL9
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 27, 2001
Last sequence update: March 1, 2001
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 129 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. 7-transmembrane G-linked receptors
    List of 7-transmembrane G-linked receptor entries
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