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Entry version 112 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Mar 2001)
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Protein

Transcription factor SPATULA

Gene

SPT

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Transcription factor that plays a role in floral organogenesis. Promotes the growth of carpel margins and of pollen tract tissues derived from them.2 Publications

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein, DNA-binding
Biological processTranscription, Transcription regulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Transcription factor SPATULA
Alternative name(s):
Basic helix-loop-helix protein 24
Short name:
AtbHLH24
Short name:
bHLH 24
Transcription factor EN 99
bHLH transcription factor bHLH024
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:SPT
Synonyms:BHLH24, EN99
Ordered Locus Names:At4g36930
ORF Names:AP22.25, C7A10.430
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 4

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

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Araporti
AT4G36930

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2115080 AT4G36930

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi209R → K in spt-2; affected carpel fusion and abolished transmitting tract production. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001274451 – 373Transcription factor SPATULAAdd BLAST373

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9FUA4

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in lateral root caps, young leaves, stipules, maturing pith cells of the stem, differentiating vascular cells, shoot apical meristems and flowers.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at the protein level’.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

During flower initiation, expressed in the peripheral zone of the shoot apical meristem. Confined to the anlagen of successive flower buds yet to arise. Later expressed in abaxial and adaxial sepal primordia, but not in sepals. When sepals initiate, localized in the region interior to them. Within the gynoecium, detected in the initiating and developing medial regions, and then in the developing septum and stigma. SPT expression also occurs in sub-regions of developing ovules, and in the wall and dehiscence zone of the maturing fruit. As the petals develop, becomes restricted to the adaxial epidermis. In stamen expression increase in the vicinity of the archesporial cells and in cells undergoing divisions to produce sporogenous and secondary parietal cells of the anther locules. Expressed in the tapetum and microspore mother cells until the initiation of meiosis. Also detected in stomium and filaments.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Down-regulated by the A class gene AP2 in the first whorl and by ARF3/ETT in gynoecium.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q9FUA4 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9FUA4 AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer (Probable).

Interacts with HEC1, HEC2 AND HEC3. Binds to RGL2 and RGA.

Curated2 Publications

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

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BioGridi
15128, 7 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q9FUA4, 3 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT4G36930.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q9FUA4

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini197 – 246bHLHPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST50

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi23 – 193Ser-richAdd BLAST171

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IXJ3 Eukaryota
ENOG410YQY7 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000090429

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9FUA4

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
RPPEATN

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1156551at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9FUA4

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00083 HLH, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
4.10.280.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011598 bHLH_dom
IPR036638 HLH_DNA-bd_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00010 HLH, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00353 HLH, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47459 SSF47459, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50888 BHLH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9FUA4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MISQREEREE KKQRVMGDKK LISSSSSSSV YDTRINHHLH HPPSSSDEIS
60 70 80 90 100
QFLRHIFDRS SPLPSYYSPA TTTTTASLIG VHGSGDPHAD NSRSLVSHHP
110 120 130 140 150
PSDSVLMSKR VGDFSEVLIG GGSGSAAACF GFSGGGNNNN VQGNSSGTRV
160 170 180 190 200
SSSSVGASGN ETDEYDCESE EGGEAVVDEA PSSKSGPSSR SSSKRCRAAE
210 220 230 240 250
VHNLSEKRRR SRINEKMKAL QSLIPNSNKT DKASMLDEAI EYLKQLQLQV
260 270 280 290 300
QMLTMRNGIN LHPLCLPGTT LHPLQLSQIR PPEATNDPLL NHTNQFASTS
310 320 330 340 350
NAPEMINTVA SSYALEPSIR SHFGPFPLLT SPVEMSREGG LTHPRLNIGH
360 370
SNANITGEQA LFDGQPDLKD RIT
Length:373
Mass (Da):40,298
Last modified:March 1, 2001 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iCE1FF143E15A9702
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence CAB16798 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous gene model prediction.Curated
The sequence CAB80359 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous gene model prediction.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF319540 mRNA Translation: AAG33640.1
Z99707 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB16798.1 Sequence problems.
AL161590 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB80359.1 Sequence problems.
CP002687 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE86720.1
AK229267 mRNA Translation: BAF01131.1
BT026462 mRNA Translation: ABH04569.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
B85436

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_568010.1, NM_119857.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT4G36930.1; AT4G36930.1; AT4G36930

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
829847

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT4G36930.1; AT4G36930.1; AT4G36930

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT4G36930

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF319540 mRNA Translation: AAG33640.1
Z99707 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB16798.1 Sequence problems.
AL161590 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB80359.1 Sequence problems.
CP002687 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE86720.1
AK229267 mRNA Translation: BAF01131.1
BT026462 mRNA Translation: ABH04569.1
PIRiB85436
RefSeqiNP_568010.1, NM_119857.3

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9FUA4
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi15128, 7 interactors
IntActiQ9FUA4, 3 interactors
STRINGi3702.AT4G36930.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9FUA4

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT4G36930.1; AT4G36930.1; AT4G36930
GeneIDi829847
GrameneiAT4G36930.1; AT4G36930.1; AT4G36930
KEGGiath:AT4G36930

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT4G36930
TAIRilocus:2115080 AT4G36930

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IXJ3 Eukaryota
ENOG410YQY7 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000090429
InParanoidiQ9FUA4
OMAiRPPEATN
OrthoDBi1156551at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9FUA4

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9FUA4

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ9FUA4 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ9FUA4 AT

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00083 HLH, 1 hit
Gene3Di4.10.280.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011598 bHLH_dom
IPR036638 HLH_DNA-bd_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00010 HLH, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00353 HLH, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47459 SSF47459, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50888 BHLH, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSPT_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9FUA4
Secondary accession number(s): O23192, Q0WP18
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 22, 2005
Last sequence update: March 1, 2001
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 112 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
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