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Entry version 114 (05 Jun 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Mar 2001)
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Protein

CCN family member 1

Gene

Ccn1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Promotes cell proliferation, chemotaxis, angiogenesis and cell adhesion. Appears to play a role in wound healing by up-regulating, in skin fibroblasts, the expression of a number of genes involved in angiogenesis, inflammation and matrix remodeling including VEGA-A, VEGA-C, MMP1, MMP3, TIMP1, uPA, PAI-1 and integrins alpha-3 and alpha-5 (By similarity). CCN1-mediated gene regulation is dependent on heparin-binding (By similarity). Down-regulates the expression of alpha-1 and alpha-2 subunits of collagen type-1 (By similarity). Promotes cell adhesion and adhesive signaling through integrin alpha-6/beta-1, cell migration through integrin alpha-1/beta-5 and cell proliferation through integrin alpha-v/beta-3 (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • cell adhesion Source: RGD
  • chemotaxis Source: RGD
  • negative regulation of cell death Source: GO_Central
  • positive regulation of angiogenesis Source: RGD
  • positive regulation of cell migration Source: RGD

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionGrowth factor binding, Heparin-binding
Biological processCell adhesion, Chemotaxis

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-381426 Regulation of Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF) transport and uptake by Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Proteins (IGFBPs)
R-RNO-8957275 Post-translational protein phosphorylation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
CCN family member 1Curated
Alternative name(s):
Cellular communication network factor 1
Cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61
Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 10
Short name:
IBP-10
Short name:
IGF-binding protein 10
Short name:
IGFBP-10
Protein CYR61
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Ccn1Imported
Synonyms:Cyr611 Publication, Igfbp10
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
620763 Ccn1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 24Sequence analysisAdd BLAST24
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001440025 – 379CCN family member 1Add BLAST355

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei184PhosphoserineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi284 ↔ 321By similarity
Disulfide bondi301 ↔ 335By similarity
Disulfide bondi312 ↔ 351By similarity
Disulfide bondi315 ↔ 353By similarity
Disulfide bondi320 ↔ 357By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
Q9ES72

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9ES72

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9ES72

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interaction with integrins is heparin- and cell-type-dependent and promotes cell adhesion.By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q9ES72, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000019501

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9ES72

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini25 – 94IGFBP N-terminalPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST70
Domaini98 – 164VWFCPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST67
Domaini226 – 271TSP type-1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST46
Domaini284 – 358CTCKPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST75

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni277 – 313Heparin-bindingBy similarityAdd BLAST37

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the CCN family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IIY0 Eukaryota
ENOG41119KZ LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000231462

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9ES72

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K06829

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
999958at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9ES72

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.20.100.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR006207 Cys_knot_C
IPR006208 Glyco_hormone_CN
IPR009030 Growth_fac_rcpt_cys_sf
IPR000867 IGFBP-like
IPR012395 IGFBP_CNN
IPR017891 Insulin_GF-bd_Cys-rich_CS
IPR000884 TSP1_rpt
IPR036383 TSP1_rpt_sf
IPR001007 VWF_dom

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00007 Cys_knot, 1 hit
PF00219 IGFBP, 1 hit
PF00093 VWC, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF036495 IGFBP_rP_CNN, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00041 CT, 1 hit
SM00121 IB, 1 hit
SM00209 TSP1, 1 hit
SM00214 VWC, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF57184 SSF57184, 1 hit
SSF82895 SSF82895, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01185 CTCK_1, 1 hit
PS01225 CTCK_2, 1 hit
PS00222 IGFBP_N_1, 1 hit
PS51323 IGFBP_N_2, 1 hit
PS50092 TSP1, 1 hit
PS01208 VWFC_1, 1 hit
PS50184 VWFC_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q9ES72-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSSSTIKTLA VAVTLLHLTR LALSTCPAAC HCPLEAPKCA PGVGLVRDGC
60 70 80 90 100
GCCKVCAKQL NEDCSKTQPC DHTKGLECNF GASSTALKGI CRAQSEGRPC
110 120 130 140 150
EYNSRIYQNG ESFQPNCKHQ CTCIDGAVGC IPLCPQELSL PNLGCPNPRL
160 170 180 190 200
VKVSGQCCEE WVCDEDSIKD SLDDQDDLLG FDASEVELTR NNELIAIGKG
210 220 230 240 250
SSLKRLPVFG TEPRVLYNPL HAHGQKCIVQ TTSWSQCSKS CGTGISTRVT
260 270 280 290 300
NDNSECRLVK ETRICEVRPC GQPVYSSLKK GKKCSKTKKS PEPVRFTYAG
310 320 330 340 350
CSSVKKYRPK YCGSCVDGRC CTPLQTRTVK MRFRCEDGEM FSKNVMMIQS
360 370
CKCNYNCPHP NEASFRLYSL FNDIHKFRD
Length:379
Mass (Da):41,687
Last modified:March 1, 2001 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i62BF0BBA4C5AFDE9
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q66HT5Q66HT5_RAT
Cellular communication network fact...
Ccn1 Cyr61, rCG_28944
379Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF218568 mRNA Translation: AAG14964.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_112617.2, NM_031327.2

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
83476

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:83476

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF218568 mRNA Translation: AAG14964.1
RefSeqiNP_112617.2, NM_031327.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9ES72
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ9ES72, 1 interactor
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000019501

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiQ9ES72
PaxDbiQ9ES72
PRIDEiQ9ES72

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi83476
KEGGirno:83476

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
3491
RGDi620763 Ccn1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IIY0 Eukaryota
ENOG41119KZ LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000231462
InParanoidiQ9ES72
KOiK06829
OrthoDBi999958at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9ES72

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-381426 Regulation of Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF) transport and uptake by Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Proteins (IGFBPs)
R-RNO-8957275 Post-translational protein phosphorylation

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9ES72

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.20.100.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006207 Cys_knot_C
IPR006208 Glyco_hormone_CN
IPR009030 Growth_fac_rcpt_cys_sf
IPR000867 IGFBP-like
IPR012395 IGFBP_CNN
IPR017891 Insulin_GF-bd_Cys-rich_CS
IPR000884 TSP1_rpt
IPR036383 TSP1_rpt_sf
IPR001007 VWF_dom
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00007 Cys_knot, 1 hit
PF00219 IGFBP, 1 hit
PF00093 VWC, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF036495 IGFBP_rP_CNN, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00041 CT, 1 hit
SM00121 IB, 1 hit
SM00209 TSP1, 1 hit
SM00214 VWC, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF57184 SSF57184, 1 hit
SSF82895 SSF82895, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01185 CTCK_1, 1 hit
PS01225 CTCK_2, 1 hit
PS00222 IGFBP_N_1, 1 hit
PS51323 IGFBP_N_2, 1 hit
PS50092 TSP1, 1 hit
PS01208 VWFC_1, 1 hit
PS50184 VWFC_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCCN1_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9ES72
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 19, 2002
Last sequence update: March 1, 2001
Last modified: June 5, 2019
This is version 114 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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