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Entry version 89 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Mar 2001)
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Protein

Forkhead box protein D3-A

Gene

foxd3-a

Organism
Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Transcriptional repressor that is an essential upstream regulator of neural crest determination and mesoderm induction. Functions by recruiting the transcriptional corepressor tle4. Also acts in a negative auto-regulator loop by inhibiting the transcription of its own gene.3 Publications

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section specifies the position and type of each DNA-binding domain present within the protein.<p><a href='/help/dna_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>DNA bindingi94 – 188Fork-headPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST95

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • DNA binding Source: UniProtKB
  • DNA-binding transcription factor activity Source: InterPro
  • sequence-specific DNA binding Source: InterPro

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein, DNA-binding, Repressor
Biological processDifferentiation, Neurogenesis, Transcription, Transcription regulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Forkhead box protein D3-A
Short name:
FoxD3-A
Short name:
FoxD3a
Alternative name(s):
Fork head domain-related protein 6
Short name:
FKH-6
Short name:
Forkhead protein 6
Short name:
xFD-6
Short name:
xFKH6
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:foxd3-a
Synonyms:fkh6, foxd3aImported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri8355 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiAmphibiaBatrachiaAnuraPipoideaPipidaeXenopodinaeXenopusXenopus

Organism-specific databases

Xenopus laevis and tropicalis biology and genomics resource

More...
Xenbasei
XB-GENE-865691, foxd3.L

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi140N → A: Reduces mesoderm-inducing activity; when associated with A-144. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi144H → A: Reduces mesoderm-inducing activity; when associated with A-140. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi146L → F: Abolishes DNA-binding and disrupts function. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi297 – 302FSIENI → AAAAAA: Abolishes mesoderm inducing activity and interaction with tle4. 1 Publication6
Mutagenesisi297F → E: Abolishes mesoderm inducing activity and interaction with tle4. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002506081 – 371Forkhead box protein D3-AAdd BLAST371

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Initially located within the dorsal blastopore lip (Spemann organizer) at the mid-gastrula stage. As expression fades in the neuroectoderm, expression begins in the head mesoderm in two regions at the lateral borders of the presumptive neural plate. These regions correspond to neural crest cells originating from the mesencephalon (anterior) and the rhombencephalon (posterior; rhombomeres 2, 4 and 6). Subsequently expressed within trunk premigratory neural crest cells. Expression disappears when neural crest cells begin to differentiate and migrate, except for those which populate the hyoid arch.5 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at the protein level'.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed both maternally and zygotically. Maternal expression decreases until the late blastula/early gastrula stage when zygotic expression begins. Expression is highest in the gastrula stage, after which it shows a gradual decrease, being clearly present until the tadpole stage.4 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By dorsal wnt signaling. Inhibited by bmp signaling.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with tle4.

1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q9DEN4

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni297 – 303tle4-binding7

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The C-terminus is required for transcriptional repression and mesoderm induction.

Phylogenomic databases

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K09397

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
1270467at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00059, FH, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.10.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001766, Fork_head_dom
IPR030456, TF_fork_head_CS_2
IPR036388, WH-like_DNA-bd_sf
IPR036390, WH_DNA-bd_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00250, Forkhead, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00053, FORKHEAD

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00339, FH, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46785, SSF46785, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00658, FORK_HEAD_2, 1 hit
PS50039, FORK_HEAD_3, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9DEN4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTLSGSGSAS DMSGQTVLSA DDADIDVVGE GDEALDKDSE CESTAGHTDE
60 70 80 90 100
VGELGGKEIP RSPSGSGTEA EGKGESQQQQ QEGIQNKPKN SLVKPPYSYI
110 120 130 140 150
ALITMSILQS PQKKLTLSGI CEFISNRFPY YREKFPAWQN SIRHNLSLND
160 170 180 190 200
CFVKIPREPG NPGKGNYWTL DPQSEDMFDN GSFLRRRKRF KRQQQDSLRE
210 220 230 240 250
QTALMMQSFG AYSLASPYGR HYGLHPAAYT HPAALQYPYI PPVGHMLPPA
260 270 280 290 300
VPLLPSSELT RKAFSSQLSP SLQLQLSSLS STAASIIKSE PSSRPSFSIE
310 320 330 340 350
NIIGVSAASS AAPHTFLRPP VTVQSALMSH QPLALSRSTA AIGPILSVPT
360 370
NLISGQFLPT AAAAVAKWPA Q
Length:371
Mass (Da):40,018
Last modified:March 1, 2001 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i234645747EA1F716
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB014611 mRNA Translation: BAA36334.1
AJ298865 Genomic DNA Translation: CAC12963.1
BC123272 mRNA Translation: AAI23273.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
G56556

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001079026.1, NM_001085557.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
373548

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
xla:373548

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB014611 mRNA Translation: BAA36334.1
AJ298865 Genomic DNA Translation: CAC12963.1
BC123272 mRNA Translation: AAI23273.1
PIRiG56556
RefSeqiNP_001079026.1, NM_001085557.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9DEN4
ModBaseiSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi373548
KEGGixla:373548

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
373548
XenbaseiXB-GENE-865691, foxd3.L

Phylogenomic databases

KOiK09397
OrthoDBi1270467at2759

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00059, FH, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.10.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001766, Fork_head_dom
IPR030456, TF_fork_head_CS_2
IPR036388, WH-like_DNA-bd_sf
IPR036390, WH_DNA-bd_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00250, Forkhead, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00053, FORKHEAD
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00339, FH, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF46785, SSF46785, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00658, FORK_HEAD_2, 1 hit
PS50039, FORK_HEAD_3, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFXD3A_XENLA
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9DEN4
Secondary accession number(s): Q9PS83
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 3, 2006
Last sequence update: March 1, 2001
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 89 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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