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Entry version 133 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 4 (08 Apr 2008)
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Protein

Mitochondrial glutamate carrier 2

Gene

Slc25a18

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the transport of glutamate across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Glutamate is cotransported with H+ (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processSymport, Transport

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-MMU-428643 Organic anion transporters

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Mitochondrial glutamate carrier 2
Short name:
GC-2
Alternative name(s):
Glutamate/H(+) symporter 2
Solute carrier family 25 member 18
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Slc25a18
Synonyms:Gc2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 6

Organism-specific databases

Mouse genome database (MGD) from Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI)

More...
MGIi
MGI:1919053 Slc25a18

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei17 – 37Helical; Name=1Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei66 – 86Helical; Name=2Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei110 – 128Helical; Name=3Sequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Transmembranei190 – 210Helical; Name=4Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei230 – 250Helical; Name=5Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei293 – 313Helical; Name=6Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion inner membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000906221 – 320Mitochondrial glutamate carrier 2Add BLAST320

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei150PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
Q9DB41

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9DB41

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q9DB41

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9DB41

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q9DB41

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q9DB41

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
Q9DB41

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSMUSG00000004902 Expressed in 88 organ(s), highest expression level in telencephalon

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9DB41 MM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q9DB41, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10090.ENSMUSP00000108302

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati11 – 97Solcar 1Add BLAST87
Repeati105 – 215Solcar 2Add BLAST111
Repeati224 – 313Solcar 3Add BLAST90

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0750 Eukaryota
ENOG410Y240 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000162050

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000168308

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9DB41

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K15107

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
MTHQDLS

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
945010at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9DB41

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF313209

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.50.40.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002067 Mit_carrier
IPR018108 Mitochondrial_sb/sol_carrier
IPR023395 Mt_carrier_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00153 Mito_carr, 3 hits

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00926 MITOCARRIER

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF103506 SSF103506, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50920 SOLCAR, 3 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Isoform 1 (identifier: Q9DB41-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MIACRMSSQD LSISAKLING GIAGLVGVTC VFPIDLAKTR LQNQQGKDVY
60 70 80 90 100
RGMTDCLMKT ARAEGFLGMY RGAAVNLTLV TPEKAIKLAA NDFLRQLLMQ
110 120 130 140 150
DGTQRNLKME MLAGCGAGIC QVVITCPMEM LKIQLQDAGR LAVCHQASAS
160 170 180 190 200
ATPTSRPYST GSTSTHRRPS ATLIARELLR TQGLSGLYRG LGATLLRDIP
210 220 230 240 250
FSIIYFPLFA NLNQLGVSEL TGKASFTHSF VAGCTAGSVA AVAVTPLDVL
260 270 280 290 300
KTRIQTLKKG LGEDTYSGVT DCARKLWTQE GPAAFMKGAG CRALVIAPLF
310 320
GIAQGVYFIG IGERILKCFE
Length:320
Mass (Da):34,166
Last modified:April 8, 2008 - v4
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i1FC0AD760C44E6FE
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q9DB41-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-17: MIACRMSSQDLSISAKL → TPSSCRTKI

Note: Incomplete sequence.
Show »
Length:312
Mass (Da):33,304
Checksum:i4F01B4FB04F68439
GO

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_0222621 – 17MIACR…ISAKL → TPSSCRTKI in isoform 2. CuratedAdd BLAST17

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC116828 mRNA Translation: AAI16829.2
BC137603 mRNA Translation: AAI37604.1
AK005250 mRNA No translation available.

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS39614.1 [Q9DB41-1]

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001074517.1, NM_001081048.2 [Q9DB41-1]
XP_006506712.1, XM_006506649.3 [Q9DB41-1]
XP_006506713.1, XM_006506650.3 [Q9DB41-1]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSMUST00000112682; ENSMUSP00000108302; ENSMUSG00000004902 [Q9DB41-1]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
71803

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mmu:71803

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc009dnq.1 mouse [Q9DB41-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC116828 mRNA Translation: AAI16829.2
BC137603 mRNA Translation: AAI37604.1
AK005250 mRNA No translation available.
CCDSiCCDS39614.1 [Q9DB41-1]
RefSeqiNP_001074517.1, NM_001081048.2 [Q9DB41-1]
XP_006506712.1, XM_006506649.3 [Q9DB41-1]
XP_006506713.1, XM_006506650.3 [Q9DB41-1]

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ9DB41, 1 interactor
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000108302

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ9DB41
PhosphoSitePlusiQ9DB41
SwissPalmiQ9DB41

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiQ9DB41
PaxDbiQ9DB41
PeptideAtlasiQ9DB41
PRIDEiQ9DB41

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000112682; ENSMUSP00000108302; ENSMUSG00000004902 [Q9DB41-1]
GeneIDi71803
KEGGimmu:71803
UCSCiuc009dnq.1 mouse [Q9DB41-1]

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
83733
MGIiMGI:1919053 Slc25a18

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0750 Eukaryota
ENOG410Y240 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000162050
HOGENOMiHOG000168308
InParanoidiQ9DB41
KOiK15107
OMAiMTHQDLS
OrthoDBi945010at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9DB41
TreeFamiTF313209

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-MMU-428643 Organic anion transporters

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9DB41

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000004902 Expressed in 88 organ(s), highest expression level in telencephalon
GenevisibleiQ9DB41 MM

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.50.40.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002067 Mit_carrier
IPR018108 Mitochondrial_sb/sol_carrier
IPR023395 Mt_carrier_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00153 Mito_carr, 3 hits
PRINTSiPR00926 MITOCARRIER
SUPFAMiSSF103506 SSF103506, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50920 SOLCAR, 3 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGHC2_MOUSE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9DB41
Secondary accession number(s): B2RPU3, Q14AI5
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 11, 2002
Last sequence update: April 8, 2008
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 133 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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