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Protein

DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB4

Gene

Polr2d

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

DNA-dependent RNA polymerase catalyzes the transcription of DNA into RNA using the four ribonucleoside triphosphates as substrates. Component of RNA polymerase II which synthesizes mRNA precursors and many functional non-coding RNAs. Pol II is the central component of the basal RNA polymerase II transcription machinery. It is composed of mobile elements that move relative to each other. RPB4 is part of a subcomplex with RPB7 that binds to a pocket formed by RPB1, RPB2 and RPB6 at the base of the clamp element. The RBP4-RPB7 subcomplex seems to lock the clamp via RPB7 in the closed conformation thus preventing double-stranded DNA to enter the active site cleft. The RPB4-RPB7 subcomplex binds single-stranded DNA and RNA (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • DNA-directed 5'-3' RNA polymerase activity Source: UniProtKB
  • nucleotide binding Source: InterPro
  • translation initiation factor binding Source: GO_Central

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processTranscription

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-MMU-112382 Formation of RNA Pol II elongation complex
R-MMU-113418 Formation of the Early Elongation Complex
R-MMU-5578749 Transcriptional regulation by small RNAs
R-MMU-674695 RNA Polymerase II Pre-transcription Events
R-MMU-6781823 Formation of TC-NER Pre-Incision Complex
R-MMU-6782135 Dual incision in TC-NER
R-MMU-6782210 Gap-filling DNA repair synthesis and ligation in TC-NER
R-MMU-6796648 TP53 Regulates Transcription of DNA Repair Genes
R-MMU-6803529 FGFR2 alternative splicing
R-MMU-6807505 RNA polymerase II transcribes snRNA genes
R-MMU-72086 mRNA Capping
R-MMU-72163 mRNA Splicing - Major Pathway
R-MMU-72165 mRNA Splicing - Minor Pathway
R-MMU-72203 Processing of Capped Intron-Containing Pre-mRNA
R-MMU-73776 RNA Polymerase II Promoter Escape
R-MMU-73779 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Pre-Initiation And Promoter Opening
R-MMU-75953 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation
R-MMU-75955 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Elongation
R-MMU-76042 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation And Promoter Clearance
R-MMU-77075 RNA Pol II CTD phosphorylation and interaction with CE
R-MMU-9018519 Estrogen-dependent gene expression

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB4
Short name:
RNA polymerase II subunit B4
Alternative name(s):
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit D
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Polr2d
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 18

Organism-specific databases

Mouse genome database (MGD) from Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI)

More...
MGIi
MGI:1916491 Polr2d

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

DNA-directed RNA polymerase, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000739821 – 142DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB4Add BLAST142

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
Q9D7M8

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

More...
MaxQBi
Q9D7M8

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9D7M8

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q9D7M8

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9D7M8

2D gel databases

REPRODUCTION-2DPAGE

More...
REPRODUCTION-2DPAGEi
Q9D7M8

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q9D7M8

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q9D7M8

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSMUSG00000024258 Expressed in 277 organ(s), highest expression level in primary oocyte

CleanEx database of gene expression profiles

More...
CleanExi
MM_POLR2D

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9D7M8 MM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Component of the RNA polymerase II (Pol II) complex consisting of 12 subunits. RPB4 and RPB7 form a subcomplex that protrudes from the 10-subunit Pol II core complex (By similarity).By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
213312, 1 interactor

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q9D7M8, 2 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
Q9D7M8

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10090.ENSMUSP00000025106

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q9D7M8

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9D7M8

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2351 Eukaryota
COG5250 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000004912

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000195281

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG002800

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9D7M8

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K03012

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
QTMRKFQ

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G06WT

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9D7M8

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF103039

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.1250.40, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR010997 HRDC-like_sf
IPR006590 RNA_pol_Rpb4/RPC9_core
IPR005574 RPB4/RPC9
IPR038324 Rpb4/RPC9_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF03874 RNA_pol_Rpb4, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00657 RPOL4c, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47819 SSF47819, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9D7M8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAAGGSDPRA GDVEEDASQL IFPKEFETAE TLLNSEVHML LEHRKQQNES
60 70 80 90 100
AEDEQELSEV FMKTLNYTAR FSRFKNRETI ASVRSLLLQK KLHKFELACL
110 120 130 140
ANLCPETAEE SKALIPSLEG RFEDEELQQI LDDIQTKRSF QY
Length:142
Mass (Da):16,311
Last modified:July 19, 2004 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i8A670386C433BE93
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAH04810 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK011600 mRNA Translation: BAB27725.1
BC004810 mRNA Translation: AAH04810.1 Different initiation.

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS29111.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_081278.1, NM_027002.3
NP_081377.1, NM_027101.2

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Mm.279898

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSMUST00000025106; ENSMUSP00000025106; ENSMUSG00000024258

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
69241

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mmu:69241

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc008eim.2 mouse

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK011600 mRNA Translation: BAB27725.1
BC004810 mRNA Translation: AAH04810.1 Different initiation.
CCDSiCCDS29111.1
RefSeqiNP_081278.1, NM_027002.3
NP_081377.1, NM_027101.2
UniGeneiMm.279898

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9D7M8
SMRiQ9D7M8
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi213312, 1 interactor
IntActiQ9D7M8, 2 interactors
MINTiQ9D7M8
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000025106

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ9D7M8
PhosphoSitePlusiQ9D7M8

2D gel databases

REPRODUCTION-2DPAGEiQ9D7M8

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ9D7M8
MaxQBiQ9D7M8
PaxDbiQ9D7M8
PeptideAtlasiQ9D7M8
PRIDEiQ9D7M8

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000025106; ENSMUSP00000025106; ENSMUSG00000024258
GeneIDi69241
KEGGimmu:69241
UCSCiuc008eim.2 mouse

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
5433
MGIiMGI:1916491 Polr2d

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2351 Eukaryota
COG5250 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000004912
HOGENOMiHOG000195281
HOVERGENiHBG002800
InParanoidiQ9D7M8
KOiK03012
OMAiQTMRKFQ
OrthoDBiEOG091G06WT
PhylomeDBiQ9D7M8
TreeFamiTF103039

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-MMU-112382 Formation of RNA Pol II elongation complex
R-MMU-113418 Formation of the Early Elongation Complex
R-MMU-5578749 Transcriptional regulation by small RNAs
R-MMU-674695 RNA Polymerase II Pre-transcription Events
R-MMU-6781823 Formation of TC-NER Pre-Incision Complex
R-MMU-6782135 Dual incision in TC-NER
R-MMU-6782210 Gap-filling DNA repair synthesis and ligation in TC-NER
R-MMU-6796648 TP53 Regulates Transcription of DNA Repair Genes
R-MMU-6803529 FGFR2 alternative splicing
R-MMU-6807505 RNA polymerase II transcribes snRNA genes
R-MMU-72086 mRNA Capping
R-MMU-72163 mRNA Splicing - Major Pathway
R-MMU-72165 mRNA Splicing - Minor Pathway
R-MMU-72203 Processing of Capped Intron-Containing Pre-mRNA
R-MMU-73776 RNA Polymerase II Promoter Escape
R-MMU-73779 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Pre-Initiation And Promoter Opening
R-MMU-75953 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation
R-MMU-75955 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Elongation
R-MMU-76042 RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation And Promoter Clearance
R-MMU-77075 RNA Pol II CTD phosphorylation and interaction with CE
R-MMU-9018519 Estrogen-dependent gene expression

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9D7M8

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000024258 Expressed in 277 organ(s), highest expression level in primary oocyte
CleanExiMM_POLR2D
GenevisibleiQ9D7M8 MM

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.1250.40, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR010997 HRDC-like_sf
IPR006590 RNA_pol_Rpb4/RPC9_core
IPR005574 RPB4/RPC9
IPR038324 Rpb4/RPC9_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03874 RNA_pol_Rpb4, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00657 RPOL4c, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47819 SSF47819, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiRPB4_MOUSE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9D7M8
Secondary accession number(s): Q6ZWW0, Q78KE6
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 19, 2004
Last sequence update: July 19, 2004
Last modified: October 10, 2018
This is version 124 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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