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Entry version 121 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 2 (15 Jan 2008)
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Protein

Spermatogenesis- and oogenesis-specific basic helix-loop-helix-containing protein 2

Gene

Sohlh2

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Transcription regulator of both male and female germline differentiation. Suppresses genes involved in spermatogonial stem cells maintenance, and induces genes important for spermatogonial differentiation (PubMed:22056784). Coordinates oocyte differentiation without affecting meiosis I (PubMed:28504655).2 Publications

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein, DNA-binding
Biological processDifferentiation, Oogenesis, Spermatogenesis, Transcription, Transcription regulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Spermatogenesis- and oogenesis-specific basic helix-loop-helix-containing protein 2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Sohlh2
Synonyms:Tohlh2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3

Organism-specific databases

Mouse genome database (MGD) from Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI)

More...
MGIi
MGI:1921684 Sohlh2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Knockout mice are infertile. Infertility could not be rescued by SOHLH1 or SOHLH2 transgene expression due to a lack of expression of either genes in rescued animals.1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003157011 – 467Spermatogenesis- and oogenesis-specific basic helix-loop-helix-containing protein 2Add BLAST467

Proteomic databases

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

More...
MaxQBi
Q9D489

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9D489

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9D489

PTM databases

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q9D489

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Preferentially expressed in the adult ovary and testis. Expressed in the majority of spermatogonia in adult animals, but not in the most undifferentiated spermatogonial population (PubMed:22056784).1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at the protein level'.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

In the embryonic gonads it is expressed as early as 13.5 dpc and later. In 3-day-old postnatal ovaries, it is expressed within oocytes in germ cell clusters and primordial follicles. In the adult, it is expressed only in small follicles, primary primordial and primary follicles. In testis, it is exclusively present in spermatogonia. Present at postnatal day 5, when spermatogonia stem cells differentiate into type A spermatogonia. Absent in Sertoli cells or spermatocytes (at protein level). Expressed in the germline as early as 12.5 dpc and precedes SOHLH1 protein expression, which occurred circa 15.5 dpc. SOHLH1 appearance at 15.5 dpc correlates with SOHLH2 translocation from the cytoplasm into the nucleus (PubMed:28504655).2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Up-regulated in mice lacking Sohlh1.

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSMUSG00000027794 Expressed in embryo and 23 other tissues

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9D489 MM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Forms both hetero- and homodimers with SOHLH1.

1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10090.ENSMUSP00000029369

Miscellaneous databases

RNAct, Protein-RNA interaction predictions for model organisms.

More...
RNActi
Q9D489 protein

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q9D489

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini200 – 251bHLHPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST52

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IUEE Eukaryota
ENOG410ZGUF LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000016050

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_056118_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9D489

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FDMVFLK

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
643083at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9D489

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF336841

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00083 HLH, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
4.10.280.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011598 bHLH_dom
IPR036638 HLH_DNA-bd_sf
IPR032669 SOHLH2

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR16223:SF16 PTHR16223:SF16, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00010 HLH, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00353 HLH, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47459 SSF47459, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50888 BHLH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9D489-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MADRISTGEL GRRPGQGRVN LLLVGDATRY FLAGSMQKFF PSTAQITLTI
60 70 80 90 100
SNVKKVAVLL AANSFDIIFL KVTSTLTAEE QEAAKLIRSG KKKNTHLLFA
110 120 130 140 150
FVIPERLKGY VSEYGADISF SEPLTLEKVN TVIHYWKTYF TNTDMENTEL
160 170 180 190 200
PPECRLYFQT SRSELGGRFS TDMFLCSELL KNDARLGLKA PLSSLDKSKQ
210 220 230 240 250
ASFLHSTKEK LRRERIKSCC EQLRTLLPYV KGRKSDVASV IEATVDYVKQ
260 270 280 290 300
VRESLSPAIM AQVTEAIQNN RRFSKRQMPI ELFLPFSATS QREDAMLTSA
310 320 330 340 350
FSPVQEIQLL ADRGLNVYSM TAAGGALEGA VRGQPGSVSE SSIEDLYKTR
360 370 380 390 400
VPSTARSLNS FHSVKYTSGT VSPHEAAART NQNISTYLPP TAPSVSNFIP
410 420 430 440 450
QHCNAMLCPA RPTSPNCLCT PGHELAASSR AASASIFRGF RAASASDHQA
460
SQPPALPSPQ PHDSSYF
Length:467
Mass (Da):51,325
Last modified:January 15, 2008 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iAC29D2ACA2EDD0AE
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti13 – 14RP → SV in BAB30389 (PubMed:16141072).Curated2

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ086115 mRNA Translation: AAY86077.1
AK016704 mRNA Translation: BAB30389.1
BC120917 mRNA Translation: AAI20918.1
BC120918 mRNA Translation: AAI20919.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS17358.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_083213.2, NM_028937.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSMUST00000029369; ENSMUSP00000029369; ENSMUSG00000027794

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
74434

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mmu:74434

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc008pgi.2 mouse

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ086115 mRNA Translation: AAY86077.1
AK016704 mRNA Translation: BAB30389.1
BC120917 mRNA Translation: AAI20918.1
BC120918 mRNA Translation: AAI20919.1
CCDSiCCDS17358.1
RefSeqiNP_083213.2, NM_028937.3

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9D489
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000029369

PTM databases

PhosphoSitePlusiQ9D489

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiQ9D489
PaxDbiQ9D489
PRIDEiQ9D489

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000029369; ENSMUSP00000029369; ENSMUSG00000027794
GeneIDi74434
KEGGimmu:74434
UCSCiuc008pgi.2 mouse

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
54937
MGIiMGI:1921684 Sohlh2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IUEE Eukaryota
ENOG410ZGUF LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000016050
HOGENOMiCLU_056118_0_0_1
InParanoidiQ9D489
OMAiFDMVFLK
OrthoDBi643083at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9D489
TreeFamiTF336841

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9D489
RNActiQ9D489 protein

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000027794 Expressed in embryo and 23 other tissues
GenevisibleiQ9D489 MM

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00083 HLH, 1 hit
Gene3Di4.10.280.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011598 bHLH_dom
IPR036638 HLH_DNA-bd_sf
IPR032669 SOHLH2
PANTHERiPTHR16223:SF16 PTHR16223:SF16, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00010 HLH, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00353 HLH, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47459 SSF47459, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50888 BHLH, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSOLH2_MOUSE
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9D489
Secondary accession number(s): Q4JI40
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 15, 2008
Last sequence update: January 15, 2008
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 121 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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