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Entry version 133 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jun 2001)
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Protein

Probable cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 1

Gene

CAD1

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in lignin biosynthesis. Catalyzes the final step specific for the production of lignin monomers. Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of coniferaldehyde, 5-hydroxyconiferaldehyde, sinapaldehyde, 4-coumaraldehyde and caffeyl aldehyde to their respective alcohols.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 Zn2+ ions per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: phenylpropanoid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, which is part of Aromatic compound metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and in Aromatic compound metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi48Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
Metal bindingi70Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
Metal bindingi71Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
Metal bindingi101Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi104Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi107Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi115Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi164Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei168NADPBy similarity1
Binding sitei252NADPBy similarity1
Binding sitei276NADP; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi189 – 194NADPBy similarity6
Nucleotide bindingi212 – 217NADPBy similarity6
Nucleotide bindingi298 – 300NADPBy similarity3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processLignin biosynthesis
LigandMetal-binding, NADP, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
ARA:AT1G72680-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00711

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Probable cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 1 (EC:1.1.1.195)
Short name:
AtCAD1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CAD1
Synonyms:CADG
Ordered Locus Names:At1g72680
ORF Names:F28P22.13
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT1G72680

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2030210 AT1G72680

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003826361 – 355Probable cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 1Add BLAST355

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9CAI3

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9CAI3

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q9CAI3

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in the vasculature of the primary root and elongation regions. Expressed in the hypocotyl, cotyledon veins, vasculature of the first rosette leaves, hydathodes and at the base of the trichomes. In stems, expressed in the vascular cambium, interfascicular cambium developing xylem and cortex region. Expressed in the style, the vascular strands of the sepals pollen and anthers in flowers, in the abscission and stigmatic regions of siliques and seed funicule and testa.2 Publications

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q9CAI3 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9CAI3 AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
28819, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT1G72680.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9CAI3

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0023 Eukaryota
COG1064 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000294667

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00083

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
EHDSCGH

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
625659at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9CAI3

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013149 ADH_C
IPR013154 ADH_N
IPR002328 ADH_Zn_CS
IPR029752 D-isomer_DH_CS1
IPR011032 GroES-like_sf
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR020843 PKS_ER

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08240 ADH_N, 1 hit
PF00107 ADH_zinc_N, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00829 PKS_ER, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF50129 SSF50129, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00059 ADH_ZINC, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9CAI3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSSSESVENE CMCWAARDPS GLLSPHTITR RSVTTDDVSL TITHCGVCYA
60 70 80 90 100
DVIWSRNQHG DSKYPLVPGH EIAGIVTKVG PNVQRFKVGD HVGVGTYVNS
110 120 130 140 150
CRECEYCNEG QEVNCAKGVF TFNGIDHDGS VTKGGYSSHI VVHERYCYKI
160 170 180 190 200
PVDYPLESAA PLLCAGITVY APMMRHNMNQ PGKSLGVIGL GGLGHMAVKF
210 220 230 240 250
GKAFGLSVTV FSTSISKKEE ALNLLGAENF VISSDHDQMK ALEKSLDFLV
260 270 280 290 300
DTASGDHAFD PYMSLLKIAG TYVLVGFPSE IKISPANLNL GMRMLAGSVT
310 320 330 340 350
GGTKITQQML DFCAAHKIYP NIEVIPIQKI NEALERVVKK DIKYRFVIDI

KNSLK
Length:355
Mass (Da):38,671
Last modified:June 1, 2001 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i64AFBDB42F004E9F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY288079 mRNA Translation: AAP40269.1
AC010926 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG51850.1
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE35360.1
BT002440 mRNA Translation: AAO00800.1
BT008840 mRNA Translation: AAP68279.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
E96751

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_177412.1, NM_105927.4

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT1G72680.1; AT1G72680.1; AT1G72680

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
843600

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT1G72680.1; AT1G72680.1; AT1G72680

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT1G72680

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY288079 mRNA Translation: AAP40269.1
AC010926 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG51850.1
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE35360.1
BT002440 mRNA Translation: AAO00800.1
BT008840 mRNA Translation: AAP68279.1
PIRiE96751
RefSeqiNP_177412.1, NM_105927.4

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9CAI3
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi28819, 1 interactor
STRINGi3702.AT1G72680.1

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ9CAI3

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9CAI3
PRIDEiQ9CAI3

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT1G72680.1; AT1G72680.1; AT1G72680
GeneIDi843600
GrameneiAT1G72680.1; AT1G72680.1; AT1G72680
KEGGiath:AT1G72680

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT1G72680
TAIRilocus:2030210 AT1G72680

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0023 Eukaryota
COG1064 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000294667
KOiK00083
OMAiEHDSCGH
OrthoDBi625659at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9CAI3

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00711
BioCyciARA:AT1G72680-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9CAI3

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ9CAI3 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ9CAI3 AT

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013149 ADH_C
IPR013154 ADH_N
IPR002328 ADH_Zn_CS
IPR029752 D-isomer_DH_CS1
IPR011032 GroES-like_sf
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR020843 PKS_ER
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08240 ADH_N, 1 hit
PF00107 ADH_zinc_N, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00829 PKS_ER, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF50129 SSF50129, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00059 ADH_ZINC, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCADH1_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9CAI3
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 1, 2009
Last sequence update: June 1, 2001
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 133 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
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