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Entry version 135 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jun 2001)
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Protein

Probable ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 31

Gene

UBC31

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Accepts the ubiquitin from the E1 complex and catalyzes its covalent attachment to other proteins.

By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • S-ubiquitinyl-[E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme]-L-cysteine + [E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine = [E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme]-L-cysteine + S-ubiquitinyl-[E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine.PROSITE-ProRule annotation EC:2.3.2.23

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: protein ubiquitination

This protein is involved in the pathway protein ubiquitination, which is part of Protein modification.PROSITE-ProRule annotation
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway protein ubiquitination and in Protein modification.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei91Glycyl thioester intermediatePROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase
Biological processUbl conjugation pathway
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00143

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Probable ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 31 (EC:2.3.2.23)
Alternative name(s):
E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 31
Ubiquitin carrier protein 31
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:UBC31
Ordered Locus Names:At1g36340
ORF Names:F7F23.6
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT1G36340

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2035967, AT1G36340

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003451961 – 154Probable ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 31Add BLAST154

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9C8X7

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9C8X7

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
243218

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By biotic stresses.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q9C8X7, baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9C8X7, AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT1G36340.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9C8X7

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini8 – 153UBC corePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST146

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0417, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_030988_13_3_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9C8X7

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
KKFCPDV

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1341381at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9C8X7

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00195, UBCc, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.10.110.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000608, UBQ-conjugat_E2
IPR016135, UBQ-conjugating_enzyme/RWD

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00179, UQ_con, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF54495, SSF54495, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50127, UBC_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9C8X7-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MFKKMDKKAA QRIAMEYRAM ISKESLFSIG QNSNNIYEWT AVIRGPDGTP
60 70 80 90 100
YEGGMFNLSI KFPTDYPFKP PKFTFKTPIY HPNINDEGSI CMNILKDKWT
110 120 130 140 150
PALMVEKVLL SILLLLEKPN PDDPLVPEIG QLFKNNRFQF DQRAREFTAR

HANN
Length:154
Mass (Da):17,833
Last modified:June 1, 2001 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i2B6942F225E96486
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ027044 mRNA Translation: AAY44870.1
AC021199 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG52201.1
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE31861.1
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: ANM59827.1
BT015146 mRNA Translation: AAT85742.1
BT015658 mRNA Translation: AAU15157.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
E86484

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001319154.1, NM_001333179.1
NP_564472.1, NM_103322.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT1G36340.1; AT1G36340.1; AT1G36340
AT1G36340.2; AT1G36340.2; AT1G36340

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
840541

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT1G36340.1; AT1G36340.1; AT1G36340
AT1G36340.2; AT1G36340.2; AT1G36340

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT1G36340

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ027044 mRNA Translation: AAY44870.1
AC021199 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG52201.1
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE31861.1
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: ANM59827.1
BT015146 mRNA Translation: AAT85742.1
BT015658 mRNA Translation: AAU15157.1
PIRiE86484
RefSeqiNP_001319154.1, NM_001333179.1
NP_564472.1, NM_103322.3

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9C8X7
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi3702.AT1G36340.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9C8X7
PRIDEiQ9C8X7
ProteomicsDBi243218

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT1G36340.1; AT1G36340.1; AT1G36340
AT1G36340.2; AT1G36340.2; AT1G36340
GeneIDi840541
GrameneiAT1G36340.1; AT1G36340.1; AT1G36340
AT1G36340.2; AT1G36340.2; AT1G36340
KEGGiath:AT1G36340

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT1G36340
TAIRilocus:2035967, AT1G36340

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0417, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_030988_13_3_1
InParanoidiQ9C8X7
OMAiKKFCPDV
OrthoDBi1341381at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9C8X7

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00143

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9C8X7

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ9C8X7, baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ9C8X7, AT

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00195, UBCc, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.10.110.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000608, UBQ-conjugat_E2
IPR016135, UBQ-conjugating_enzyme/RWD
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00179, UQ_con, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF54495, SSF54495, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50127, UBC_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiUBC31_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9C8X7
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 22, 2008
Last sequence update: June 1, 2001
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 135 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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