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Entry version 87 (16 Jan 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jun 2001)
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Protein

Glyoxylate reductase

Gene

gyaR

Organism
Thermococcus litoralis (strain ATCC 51850 / DSM 5473 / JCM 8560 / NS-C)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=0.73 mM for glyoxylate
  2. KM=1.3 mM for hydroxypyruvate
  3. KM=0.067 mM for NADH

    pH dependencei

    Optimum pH is 6.5.

    Temperature dependencei

    Optimum temperature is 90 degrees Celsius. Extremely thermostable.

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei241UniRule annotation1
    Active sitei270UniRule annotation1
    Active sitei288Proton donorUniRule annotation1

    Regions

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi158 – 161NADPUniRule annotation4
    Nucleotide bindingi180 – 182NADPUniRule annotation3
    Nucleotide bindingi239 – 241NADPUniRule annotation3
    Nucleotide bindingi288 – 290NADPUniRule annotation3

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionOxidoreductase
    LigandNAD

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

    More...
    BRENDAi
    1.1.1.26 6302

    SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

    More...
    SABIO-RKi
    Q9C4M5

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Glyoxylate reductaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.1.1.26UniRule annotation)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:gyaRUniRule annotation
    Synonyms:gr
    ORF Names:OCC_02245
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiThermococcus litoralis (strain ATCC 51850 / DSM 5473 / JCM 8560 / NS-C)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri523849 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiArchaeaEuryarchaeotaThermococciThermococcalesThermococcaceaeThermococcus
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
    • UP000015502 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

    <p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

    GO - Cellular componenti

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Cytoplasm

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000759511 – 331Glyoxylate reductaseAdd BLAST331

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

    Homodimer.UniRule annotation1 Publication

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    3D structure databases

    Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

    More...
    ProteinModelPortali
    Q9C4M5

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    Q9C4M5

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family. GyaR subfamily.UniRule annotation

    Phylogenomic databases

    KEGG Orthology (KO)

    More...
    KOi
    K00015

    Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

    More...
    OMAi
    KWIAHNG

    Database of Orthologous Groups

    More...
    OrthoDBi
    36410at2157

    Family and domain databases

    HAMAP database of protein families

    More...
    HAMAPi
    MF_00776 GyaR, 1 hit

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR006139 D-isomer_2_OHA_DH_cat_dom
    IPR029753 D-isomer_DH_CS
    IPR029752 D-isomer_DH_CS1
    IPR006140 D-isomer_DH_NAD-bd
    IPR023519 Glyoxylate_reductase_GyaR
    IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF00389 2-Hacid_dh, 1 hit
    PF02826 2-Hacid_dh_C, 1 hit

    Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

    More...
    SUPFAMi
    SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit

    PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

    More...
    PROSITEi
    View protein in PROSITE
    PS00065 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_1, 1 hit
    PS00670 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_2, 1 hit
    PS00671 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_3, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Q9C4M5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MKPKVFITRQ IPENGIKMIE KFYEIELWKD PKAPPRGVLL EKVREVDALV
    60 70 80 90 100
    TLVTDKVDKE LLENAPKLKI IAQYAVGYDN IDIEEATKRG IYVTNTPGVL
    110 120 130 140 150
    TDATADLAFA LLLAVARRIV EADAFVRSGE WKKSEVGWHP LMFLGYGLKG
    160 170 180 190 200
    KTLGIVGFGR IGQALAKRAK GFGMKIIYYS RTRKPEAEEE IGAEYVDFET
    210 220 230 240 250
    LLKESDFISL HVPLTKETYH MIGEKELKLM KPNAILINTS RGAVVDTNAL
    260 270 280 290 300
    IKALKEGWIA GAGLDVFEEE PYYNEELFKL KNVVLAPHIG SATHEAREGM
    310 320 330
    AELVAKNLIA FAKGEIPPNL VNKDVLTSSP P
    Length:331
    Mass (Da):36,808
    Last modified:June 1, 2001 - v1
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iE277D769D82B9763
    GO

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AB033995 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB40320.1
    CP006670 Genomic DNA Translation: EHR79758.1

    NCBI Reference Sequences

    More...
    RefSeqi
    WP_004066272.1, NC_022084.1

    Genome annotation databases

    Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

    More...
    EnsemblBacteriai
    EHR79758; EHR79758; OCC_02245

    Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

    More...
    GeneIDi
    16548498

    KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

    More...
    KEGGi
    tlt:OCC_02245

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AB033995 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB40320.1
    CP006670 Genomic DNA Translation: EHR79758.1
    RefSeqiWP_004066272.1, NC_022084.1

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortaliQ9C4M5
    SMRiQ9C4M5
    ModBaseiSearch...
    MobiDBiSearch...

    Protocols and materials databases

    Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsemblBacteriaiEHR79758; EHR79758; OCC_02245
    GeneIDi16548498
    KEGGitlt:OCC_02245

    Phylogenomic databases

    KOiK00015
    OMAiKWIAHNG
    OrthoDBi36410at2157

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDAi1.1.1.26 6302
    SABIO-RKiQ9C4M5

    Family and domain databases

    HAMAPiMF_00776 GyaR, 1 hit
    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR006139 D-isomer_2_OHA_DH_cat_dom
    IPR029753 D-isomer_DH_CS
    IPR029752 D-isomer_DH_CS1
    IPR006140 D-isomer_DH_NAD-bd
    IPR023519 Glyoxylate_reductase_GyaR
    IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF00389 2-Hacid_dh, 1 hit
    PF02826 2-Hacid_dh_C, 1 hit
    SUPFAMiSSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
    PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
    PS00065 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_1, 1 hit
    PS00670 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_2, 1 hit
    PS00671 D_2_HYDROXYACID_DH_3, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGYAR_THELN
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9C4M5
    Secondary accession number(s): H3ZJV9
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 10, 2004
    Last sequence update: June 1, 2001
    Last modified: January 16, 2019
    This is version 87 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing

    Documents

    1. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
    UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
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