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Entry version 130 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 4 (05 Apr 2011)
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Protein

Keratin-associated protein 4-8

Gene

KRTAP4-8

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

In the hair cortex, hair keratin intermediate filaments are embedded in an interfilamentous matrix, consisting of hair keratin-associated proteins (KRTAP), which are essential for the formation of a rigid and resistant hair shaft through their extensive disulfide bond cross-linking with abundant cysteine residues of hair keratins. The matrix proteins include the high-sulfur and high-glycine-tyrosine keratins.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Biological processi

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-6805567 Keratinization

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Keratin-associated protein 4-8
Alternative name(s):
Keratin-associated protein 4.8
Ultrahigh sulfur keratin-associated protein 4.8
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:KRTAP4-8
Synonyms:KAP4.8, KRTAP4.8
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 17

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:17230 KRTAP4-8

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_Q9BYQ9

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywords - Cellular componenti

Keratin

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000204880

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA38442

Miscellaneous databases

Pharos NIH Druggable Genome Knowledgebase

More...
Pharosi
Q9BYQ9

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
KRTAP4-8

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
327478604

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001851751 – 185Keratin-associated protein 4-8Add BLAST185

Proteomic databases

MassIVE - Mass Spectrometry Interactive Virtual Environment

More...
MassIVEi
Q9BYQ9

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9BYQ9

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q9BYQ9

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9BYQ9

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
79689

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in the hair follicles.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000204880 Expressed in 23 organ(s), highest expression level in upper arm skin

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q9BYQ9 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9BYQ9 HS

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with hair keratins.

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000328444

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati14 – 1815
Repeati19 – 2325
Repeati24 – 2835
Repeati39 – 4345
Repeati44 – 4855
Repeati49 – 5365
Repeati54 – 5875
Repeati59 – 6385
Repeati64 – 6895
Repeati69 – 73105
Repeati74 – 78115
Repeati79 – 83125
Repeati84 – 88135
Repeati89 – 93145
Repeati94 – 98155
Repeati99 – 103165
Repeati104 – 108175
Repeati109 – 113185
Repeati114 – 118195
Repeati119 – 123205
Repeati124 – 128215
Repeati134 – 138225
Repeati139 – 143235
Repeati144 – 148245
Repeati149 – 16425Add BLAST16

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni14 – 16425 X 5 AA repeats of C-C-[IKRQVHEC]-[SPRT]-[STCVQPR]Add BLAST151

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the KRTAP type 4 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000163975

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000234030

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9BYQ9

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
RPPCCCP

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1643507at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF351356

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002494 KAP

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR23262 PTHR23262, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF13885 Keratin_B2_2, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q9BYQ9-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVNSCCGSVC SDQGCGQDLC QETCCCPSCC QTTCCRTTCY RPSYSVSCCC
60 70 80 90 100
RPQCCQSVCC QPTCCRPSCC VSSCCKPQCC QSVCCQPTCC HPSCCISSCC
110 120 130 140 150
RPSCCVSSCC KPQCCQSVCC QPNCCRPSCS ISSCCRPSCC ESSCCRPCCC
160 170 180
LRPVCGRVSC HTTCYRPACV ISTCPRPVCC ASSCC
Length:185
Mass (Da):19,627
Last modified:April 5, 2011 - v4
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iDDA82ACE61234000
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
H7BXR9H7BXR9_HUMAN
Keratin-associated protein 4-8
KRTAP4-8
155Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti123N → T in CAC27579 (PubMed:11279113).Curated1
Sequence conflicti126R → H in CAC27579 (PubMed:11279113).Curated1
Sequence conflicti151L → V in CAC27579 (PubMed:11279113).Curated1
Sequence conflicti168A → T in CAC27579 (PubMed:11279113).Curated1

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section provides information on polymorphic variants. If the variant is associated with a disease state, the description of the latter can be found in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/involvement_in_disease">'Involvement in disease'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/polymorphism' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Polymorphismi

Numerous size polymorphism are present in KRTAP4 gene family, which are mainly due to variations in the sequence encoding cysteine-rich repeat segments (PubMed:15955084). The sequence shown corresponds to allele KAP4.8-v1 (PubMed:15955084).1 Publication

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC037482 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AJ406940 mRNA Translation: CAC27579.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS45674.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_114166.1, NM_031960.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000333822; ENSP00000328444; ENSG00000204880

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
728224

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:728224

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc060fao.1 human

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC037482 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AJ406940 mRNA Translation: CAC27579.1
CCDSiCCDS45674.1
RefSeqiNP_114166.1, NM_031960.2

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9606.ENSP00000328444

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiKRTAP4-8
DMDMi327478604

Proteomic databases

MassIVEiQ9BYQ9
PaxDbiQ9BYQ9
PeptideAtlasiQ9BYQ9
PRIDEiQ9BYQ9
ProteomicsDBi79689

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000333822; ENSP00000328444; ENSG00000204880
GeneIDi728224
KEGGihsa:728224
UCSCiuc060fao.1 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
728224

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
KRTAP4-8
HGNCiHGNC:17230 KRTAP4-8
neXtProtiNX_Q9BYQ9
OpenTargetsiENSG00000204880
PharmGKBiPA38442

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00940000163975
HOGENOMiHOG000234030
InParanoidiQ9BYQ9
OMAiRPPCCCP
OrthoDBi1643507at2759
TreeFamiTF351356

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-6805567 Keratinization

Miscellaneous databases

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
728224
PharosiQ9BYQ9

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9BYQ9

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000204880 Expressed in 23 organ(s), highest expression level in upper arm skin
ExpressionAtlasiQ9BYQ9 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ9BYQ9 HS

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002494 KAP
PANTHERiPTHR23262 PTHR23262, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF13885 Keratin_B2_2, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiKRA48_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9BYQ9
Secondary accession number(s): A8MSH3
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 31, 2003
Last sequence update: April 5, 2011
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 130 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 17
    Human chromosome 17: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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