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Entry version 109 (13 Feb 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Oct 2002)
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Protein

Cornifelin

Gene

CNFN

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Part of the insoluble cornified cell envelope (CE) of stratified squamous epithelia.1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processKeratinization

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cornifelin
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CNFN
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 19

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

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EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000105427.9

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

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HGNCi
HGNC:30183 CNFN

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

More...
MIMi
611764 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_Q9BYD5

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

Open Targets

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OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000105427

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA134938429

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

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BioMutai
CNFN

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

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DMDMi
74717688

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002611951 – 112CornifelinAdd BLAST112

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9BYD5

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q9BYD5

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9BYD5

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
79620

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Abundant in the cervix. Moderately abundant in the uterus and fetal skin. Expression is markedly increased in psoriatic skin (18.5 fold increase in comparison with normal skin) and its overexpression alters the protein composition of cornified cell envelope (CE), but does not affect keratinocyte differentiation. Expressed in the granular cell layer of epidermis in uninvolved psoriatic skin and in the psoriatic lesions it is found in the upper-spinous layer. Increased expression also seen in atopic dermatitis (14.3 fold increase in comparison with normal skin) and mycosis fungoides (4.6 fold increase in comparison with normal skin) and in both conditions expressed in the granular cell layer of epidermis.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000105427 Expressed in 110 organ(s), highest expression level in ectocervix

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9BYD5 HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

More...
HPAi
HPA049073
HPA053997

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Directly or indirectly cross-linked to CE proteins loricin and involucrin (IVL).

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
Q9BYD5, 16 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000222032

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q9BYD5

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi31 – 61Cys-richAdd BLAST31

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the cornifelin family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410J0V2 Eukaryota
ENOG4111XBU LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000161202

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000007259

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG053607

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9BYD5

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
TQPQCAS

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1354725at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9BYD5

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF330308

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR006461 PLAC_motif_containing

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR15907 PTHR15907, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF04749 PLAC8, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01571 A_thal_Cys_rich, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q9BYD5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSYPVTSQPQ CATTSCYQTQ LSDWHTGLTD CCNDMPVCLC GTFAPLCLAC
60 70 80 90 100
RISDDFGECC CAPYLPGGLH SIRTGMRERY HIQGSVGHDW AALTFCLPCA
110
LCQMARELKI RE
Length:112
Mass (Da):12,376
Last modified:October 1, 2002 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFEE3BBA649043F72
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB049591 mRNA Translation: BAB40656.2
AK312080 mRNA Translation: BAG35016.1
BC101197 mRNA Translation: AAI01198.1
BC101198 mRNA Translation: AAI01199.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS12606.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_115877.2, NM_032488.3

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Hs.148590

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000222032; ENSP00000222032; ENSG00000105427
ENST00000597255; ENSP00000469590; ENSG00000105427

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
84518

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:84518

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc002otp.5 human

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB049591 mRNA Translation: BAB40656.2
AK312080 mRNA Translation: BAG35016.1
BC101197 mRNA Translation: AAI01198.1
BC101198 mRNA Translation: AAI01199.1
CCDSiCCDS12606.1
RefSeqiNP_115877.2, NM_032488.3
UniGeneiHs.148590

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ9BYD5
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ9BYD5, 16 interactors
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000222032

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiCNFN
DMDMi74717688

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ9BYD5
PeptideAtlasiQ9BYD5
PRIDEiQ9BYD5
ProteomicsDBi79620

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000222032; ENSP00000222032; ENSG00000105427
ENST00000597255; ENSP00000469590; ENSG00000105427
GeneIDi84518
KEGGihsa:84518
UCSCiuc002otp.5 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
84518
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000105427.9

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
CNFN
HGNCiHGNC:30183 CNFN
HPAiHPA049073
HPA053997
MIMi611764 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q9BYD5
OpenTargetsiENSG00000105427
PharmGKBiPA134938429

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410J0V2 Eukaryota
ENOG4111XBU LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000161202
HOGENOMiHOG000007259
HOVERGENiHBG053607
InParanoidiQ9BYD5
OMAiTQPQCAS
OrthoDBi1354725at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9BYD5
TreeFamiTF330308

Miscellaneous databases

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
84518

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9BYD5

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000105427 Expressed in 110 organ(s), highest expression level in ectocervix
GenevisibleiQ9BYD5 HS

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006461 PLAC_motif_containing
PANTHERiPTHR15907 PTHR15907, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF04749 PLAC8, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01571 A_thal_Cys_rich, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCNFN_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9BYD5
Secondary accession number(s): B2R569
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 28, 2006
Last sequence update: October 1, 2002
Last modified: February 13, 2019
This is version 109 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Human chromosome 19
    Human chromosome 19: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  3. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  4. Uncharacterized protein families (UPF)
    List of uncharacterized protein family (UPF) entries
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