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Entry version 131 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jun 2001)
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Protein

Transmembrane protein 109

Gene

TMEM109

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

May mediate cellular response to DNA damage by protecting against ultraviolet C-induced cell death (PubMed:23542032). Can form voltage-gated calcium and potassium channels in vitro (By similarity).By similarity1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIon channel, Voltage-gated channel
Biological processIon transport, Transport

Protein family/group databases

Transport Classification Database

More...
TCDBi
1.A.74.1.2 the mitsugumin 23 (mg23) family

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Transmembrane protein 109
Alternative name(s):
Mitsugumin-23
Short name:
Mg23
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:TMEM109
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 11

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:28771 TMEM109

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_Q9BVC6

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini34 – 83LumenalBy similarityAdd BLAST50
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei84 – 104HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini105 – 135CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST31
Transmembranei136 – 156HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini157 – 185LumenalBy similarityAdd BLAST29
Transmembranei186 – 205HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST20
Topological domaini206 – 243CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST38

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Endoplasmic reticulum, Membrane, Nucleus, Sarcoplasmic reticulum

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000110108

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA142670760

Miscellaneous databases

Pharos NIH Druggable Genome Knowledgebase

More...
Pharosi
Q9BVC6

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
TMEM109

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
74733312

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 33Sequence analysisAdd BLAST33
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000004461834 – 243Transmembrane protein 109Add BLAST210

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
Q9BVC6

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
Q9BVC6

MassIVE - Mass Spectrometry Interactive Virtual Environment

More...
MassIVEi
Q9BVC6

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

More...
MaxQBi
Q9BVC6

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q9BVC6

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q9BVC6

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q9BVC6

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
79198

Consortium for Top Down Proteomics

More...
TopDownProteomicsi
Q9BVC6

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q9BVC6

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q9BVC6

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
Q9BVC6

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000110108 Expressed in 230 organ(s), highest expression level in myometrium

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q9BVC6 HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

More...
HPAi
HPA011785

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homooligomer (By similarity).

Interacts with CRYAB (PubMed:23542032).

By similarity1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
122524, 25 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q9BVC6, 45 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
Q9BVC6

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000227525

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q9BVC6

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IIBB Eukaryota
ENOG410XXDM LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000015704

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000126892

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q9BVC6

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
TLSQVMW

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1631905at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q9BVC6

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF332238

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR039492 TMEM109

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR14550 PTHR14550, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q9BVC6-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAASSISSPW GKHVFKAILM VLVALILLHS ALAQSRRDFA PPGQQKREAP
60 70 80 90 100
VDVLTQIGRS VRGTLDAWIG PETMHLVSES SSQVLWAISS AISVAFFALS
110 120 130 140 150
GIAAQLLNAL GLAGDYLAQG LKLSPGQVQT FLLWGAGALV VYWLLSLLLG
160 170 180 190 200
LVLALLGRIL WGLKLVIFLA GFVALMRSVP DPSTRALLLL ALLILYALLS
210 220 230 240
RLTGSRASGA QLEAKVRGLE RQVEELRWRQ RRAAKGARSV EEE
Length:243
Mass (Da):26,210
Last modified:June 1, 2001 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iE405591236B94BB3
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC001309 mRNA Translation: AAH01309.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS7996.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_076997.1, NM_024092.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000227525; ENSP00000227525; ENSG00000110108
ENST00000536171; ENSP00000443990; ENSG00000110108

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
79073

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:79073

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc001nqg.4 human

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC001309 mRNA Translation: AAH01309.1
CCDSiCCDS7996.1
RefSeqiNP_076997.1, NM_024092.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ9BVC6
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi122524, 25 interactors
IntActiQ9BVC6, 45 interactors
MINTiQ9BVC6
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000227525

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi1.A.74.1.2 the mitsugumin 23 (mg23) family

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ9BVC6
PhosphoSitePlusiQ9BVC6
SwissPalmiQ9BVC6

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiTMEM109
DMDMi74733312

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ9BVC6
jPOSTiQ9BVC6
MassIVEiQ9BVC6
MaxQBiQ9BVC6
PaxDbiQ9BVC6
PeptideAtlasiQ9BVC6
PRIDEiQ9BVC6
ProteomicsDBi79198
TopDownProteomicsiQ9BVC6

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000227525; ENSP00000227525; ENSG00000110108
ENST00000536171; ENSP00000443990; ENSG00000110108
GeneIDi79073
KEGGihsa:79073
UCSCiuc001nqg.4 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
79073

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
TMEM109
HGNCiHGNC:28771 TMEM109
HPAiHPA011785
neXtProtiNX_Q9BVC6
OpenTargetsiENSG00000110108
PharmGKBiPA142670760

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IIBB Eukaryota
ENOG410XXDM LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000015704
HOGENOMiHOG000126892
InParanoidiQ9BVC6
OMAiTLSQVMW
OrthoDBi1631905at2759
PhylomeDBiQ9BVC6
TreeFamiTF332238

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
TMEM109 human

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
79073
PharosiQ9BVC6

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q9BVC6

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000110108 Expressed in 230 organ(s), highest expression level in myometrium
GenevisibleiQ9BVC6 HS

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR039492 TMEM109
PANTHERiPTHR14550 PTHR14550, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTM109_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q9BVC6
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 20, 2005
Last sequence update: June 1, 2001
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 131 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 11
    Human chromosome 11: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
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