Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Protein

Neuronal PAS domain-containing protein 2

Gene

NPAS2

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Transcriptional activator which forms a core component of the circadian clock. The circadian clock, an internal time-keeping system, regulates various physiological processes through the generation of approximately 24 hour circadian rhythms in gene expression, which are translated into rhythms in metabolism and behavior. It is derived from the Latin roots 'circa' (about) and 'diem' (day) and acts as an important regulator of a wide array of physiological functions including metabolism, sleep, body temperature, blood pressure, endocrine, immune, cardiovascular, and renal function. Consists of two major components: the central clock, residing in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the brain, and the peripheral clocks that are present in nearly every tissue and organ system. Both the central and peripheral clocks can be reset by environmental cues, also known as Zeitgebers (German for 'timegivers'). The predominant Zeitgeber for the central clock is light, which is sensed by retina and signals directly to the SCN. The central clock entrains the peripheral clocks through neuronal and hormonal signals, body temperature and feeding-related cues, aligning all clocks with the external light/dark cycle. Circadian rhythms allow an organism to achieve temporal homeostasis with its environment at the molecular level by regulating gene expression to create a peak of protein expression once every 24 hours to control when a particular physiological process is most active with respect to the solar day. Transcription and translation of core clock components (CLOCK, NPAS2, ARNTL/BMAL1, ARNTL2/BMAL2, PER1, PER2, PER3, CRY1 and CRY2) plays a critical role in rhythm generation, whereas delays imposed by post-translational modifications (PTMs) are important for determining the period (tau) of the rhythms (tau refers to the period of a rhythm and is the length, in time, of one complete cycle). A diurnal rhythm is synchronized with the day/night cycle, while the ultradian and infradian rhythms have a period shorter and longer than 24 hours, respectively. Disruptions in the circadian rhythms contribute to the pathology of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, metabolic syndromes and aging. A transcription/translation feedback loop (TTFL) forms the core of the molecular circadian clock mechanism. Transcription factors, CLOCK or NPAS2 and ARNTL/BMAL1 or ARNTL2/BMAL2, form the positive limb of the feedback loop, act in the form of a heterodimer and activate the transcription of core clock genes and clock-controlled genes (involved in key metabolic processes), harboring E-box elements (5'-CACGTG-3') within their promoters. The core clock genes: PER1/2/3 and CRY1/2 which are transcriptional repressors form the negative limb of the feedback loop and interact with the CLOCK|NPAS2-ARNTL/BMAL1|ARNTL2/BMAL2 heterodimer inhibiting its activity and thereby negatively regulating their own expression. This heterodimer also activates nuclear receptors NR1D1/2 and RORA/B/G, which form a second feedback loop and which activate and repress ARNTL/BMAL1 transcription, respectively. The NPAS2-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer positively regulates the expression of MAOA, F7 and LDHA and modulates the circadian rhythm of daytime contrast sensitivity by regulating the rhythmic expression of adenylate cyclase type 1 (ADCY1) in the retina. NPAS2 plays an important role in sleep homeostasis and in maintaining circadian behaviors in normal light/dark and feeding conditions and in the effective synchronization of feeding behavior with scheduled food availability. Regulates the gene transcription of key metabolic pathways in the liver and is involved in DNA damage response by regulating several cell cycle and DNA repair genes.5 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

hemeBy similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Carbon monoxide (CO) and the redox state of the cell can modulate the transcriptional activity of the NPAS2-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer. NADH and NADPH enhance the DNA-binding activity of the heterodimer whereas CO binds the heme group in NPAS2 and inhibits the DNA-binding activity of the heterodimer.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi119Iron (heme B axial ligand)By similarity1
Metal bindingi171Iron (heme B axial ligand)By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionActivator, DNA-binding
Biological processBiological rhythms, DNA damage, Transcription, Transcription regulation
LigandHeme, Iron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-1368108 BMAL1:CLOCK,NPAS2 activates circadian gene expression
R-HSA-1989781 PPARA activates gene expression
R-HSA-400253 Circadian Clock

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Neuronal PAS domain-containing protein 2
Short name:
Neuronal PAS2
Alternative name(s):
Basic-helix-loop-helix-PAS protein MOP4
Class E basic helix-loop-helix protein 9
Short name:
bHLHe9
Member of PAS protein 4
PAS domain-containing protein 4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:NPAS2
Synonyms:BHLHE9, MOP4, PASD4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000170485.16

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:7895 NPAS2

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

More...
MIMi
603347 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_Q99743

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
4862
MIMi608516 phenotype

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000170485

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA31696

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
NPAS2

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
311033423

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001274061 – 824Neuronal PAS domain-containing protein 2Add BLAST824

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q99743

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q99743

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q99743

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
78454

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q99743

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q99743

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000170485 Expressed in 207 organ(s), highest expression level in lower esophagus mucosa

CleanEx database of gene expression profiles

More...
CleanExi
HS_NPAS2

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q99743 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q99743 HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

More...
HPAi
HPA019674

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Component of the circadian clock oscillator which includes the CRY proteins, CLOCK or NPAS2, ARNTL/BMAL1 or ARNTL2/BMAL2, CSNK1D and/or CSNK1E, TIMELESS and the PER proteins. Efficient DNA binding requires dimerization with another bHLH protein. Forms a heterodimer with ARNTL/BMAL1 and this heterodimerization is required for E-box-dependent transactivation. Interacts with NCOA3, KAT2B, CREBBP and EP300.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
110923, 31 interactors

CORUM comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes

More...
CORUMi
Q99743

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-60821N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q99743, 16 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000338283

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q99743

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q99743

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini9 – 59bHLHPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST51
Domaini82 – 152PAS 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST71
Domaini237 – 307PAS 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST71
Domaini311 – 354PACAdd BLAST44

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 61Sufficient for heterodimer formation with ARNTL/BMAL1, E-box binding and for the effect of NADPHBy similarityAdd BLAST61

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IQ5V Eukaryota
ENOG410Y7Z8 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000160744

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG050997

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q99743

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K09026

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
YKMLSSH

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G11CV

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q99743

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF324568

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00083 HLH, 1 hit
cd00130 PAS, 2 hits

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
4.10.280.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011598 bHLH_dom
IPR036638 HLH_DNA-bd_sf
IPR001067 Nuc_translocat
IPR001610 PAC
IPR000014 PAS
IPR035965 PAS-like_dom_sf
IPR013767 PAS_fold

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00010 HLH, 1 hit
PF00989 PAS, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00785 NCTRNSLOCATR

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00353 HLH, 1 hit
SM00086 PAC, 1 hit
SM00091 PAS, 2 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47459 SSF47459, 1 hit
SSF55785 SSF55785, 2 hits

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00229 sensory_box, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50888 BHLH, 1 hit
PS50112 PAS, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 5 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q99743-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDEDEKDRAK RASRNKSEKK RRDQFNVLIK ELSSMLPGNT RKMDKTTVLE
60 70 80 90 100
KVIGFLQKHN EVSAQTEICD IQQDWKPSFL SNEEFTQLML EALDGFIIAV
110 120 130 140 150
TTDGSIIYVS DSITPLLGHL PSDVMDQNLL NFLPEQEHSE VYKILSSHML
160 170 180 190 200
VTDSPSPEYL KSDSDLEFYC HLLRGSLNPK EFPTYEYIKF VGNFRSYNNV
210 220 230 240 250
PSPSCNGFDN TLSRPCRVPL GKEVCFIATV RLATPQFLKE MCIVDEPLEE
260 270 280 290 300
FTSRHSLEWK FLFLDHRAPP IIGYLPFEVL GTSGYDYYHI DDLELLARCH
310 320 330 340 350
QHLMQFGKGK SCCYRFLTKG QQWIWLQTHY YITYHQWNSK PEFIVCTHSV
360 370 380 390 400
VSYADVRVER RQELALEDPP SEALHSSALK DKGSSLEPRQ HFNTLDVGAS
410 420 430 440 450
GLNTSHSPSA SSRSSHKSSH TAMSEPTSTP TKLMAEASTP ALPRSATLPQ
460 470 480 490 500
ELPVPGLSQA ATMPAPLPSP SSCDLTQQLL PQTVLQSTPA PMAQFSAQFS
510 520 530 540 550
MFQTIKDQLE QRTRILQANI RWQQEELHKI QEQLCLVQDS NVQMFLQQPA
560 570 580 590 600
VSLSFSSTQR PEAQQQLQQR SAAVTQPQLG AGPQLPGQIS SAQVTSQHLL
610 620 630 640 650
RESSVISTQG PKPMRSSQLM QSSGRSGSSL VSPFSSATAA LPPSLNLTTP
660 670 680 690 700
ASTSQDASQC QPSPDFSHDR QLRLLLSQPI QPMMPGSCDA RQPSEVSRTG
710 720 730 740 750
RQVKYAQSQT VFQNPDAHPA NSSSAPMPVL LMGQAVLHPS FPASQPSPLQ
760 770 780 790 800
PAQARQQPPQ HYLQVQAPTS LHSEQQDSLL LSTYSQQPGT LGYPQPPPAQ
810 820
PQPLRPPRRV SSLSESSGLQ QPPR
Length:824
Mass (Da):91,791
Last modified:November 2, 2010 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i679919FCDD3AFDEB
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 5 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
H7C0Z2H7C0Z2_HUMAN
Neuronal PAS domain-containing prot...
NPAS2
207Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
H7BZA3H7BZA3_HUMAN
Neuronal PAS domain-containing prot...
NPAS2
258Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
H7C0J4H7C0J4_HUMAN
Neuronal PAS domain-containing prot...
NPAS2
107Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
H7C080H7C080_HUMAN
Neuronal PAS domain-containing prot...
NPAS2
269Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
H7BZY5H7BZY5_HUMAN
Neuronal PAS domain-containing prot...
NPAS2
202Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti51K → E in AAC51211 (PubMed:9079689).Curated1
Sequence conflicti164S → G in AAC51211 (PubMed:9079689).Curated1
Sequence conflicti308K → T in AAB47250 (PubMed:9012850).Curated1

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section provides information on polymorphic variants. If the variant is associated with a disease state, the description of the latter can be found in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/involvement_in_disease">'Involvement in disease'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/polymorphism' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Polymorphismi

Variants in NPAS2 show a susceptibility to seasonal affective disorder (SAD) [MIMi:608516]. SAD is a depressive condition resulting from seasonal changes, and with diurnal preference.1 Publication

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_029078394T → A Associated with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and breast cancer risk. 5 PublicationsCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2305160Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_029079471S → L Susceptibility to seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and diurnal preference. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs11541353Ensembl.1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U77970 mRNA Translation: AAB47250.1
AC016738 Genomic DNA Translation: AAY14822.1
AC092168 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AC106891 Genomic DNA Translation: AAX88966.1
BC051351 mRNA Translation: AAH51351.2
BC072383 mRNA Translation: AAH72383.1
U51625 mRNA Translation: AAC51211.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS2048.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_002509.2, NM_002518.3

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Hs.156832
Hs.705895

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000335681; ENSP00000338283; ENSG00000170485

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
4862

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:4862

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc002tap.2 human

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U77970 mRNA Translation: AAB47250.1
AC016738 Genomic DNA Translation: AAY14822.1
AC092168 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AC106891 Genomic DNA Translation: AAX88966.1
BC051351 mRNA Translation: AAH51351.2
BC072383 mRNA Translation: AAH72383.1
U51625 mRNA Translation: AAC51211.1
CCDSiCCDS2048.1
RefSeqiNP_002509.2, NM_002518.3
UniGeneiHs.156832
Hs.705895

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ99743
SMRiQ99743
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi110923, 31 interactors
CORUMiQ99743
DIPiDIP-60821N
IntActiQ99743, 16 interactors
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000338283

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ99743
PhosphoSitePlusiQ99743

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiNPAS2
DMDMi311033423

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ99743
PeptideAtlasiQ99743
PRIDEiQ99743
ProteomicsDBi78454

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000335681; ENSP00000338283; ENSG00000170485
GeneIDi4862
KEGGihsa:4862
UCSCiuc002tap.2 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
4862
DisGeNETi4862
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000170485.16

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
NPAS2

H-Invitational Database, human transcriptome db

More...
H-InvDBi
HIX0200274
HGNCiHGNC:7895 NPAS2
HPAiHPA019674
MIMi603347 gene
608516 phenotype
neXtProtiNX_Q99743
OpenTargetsiENSG00000170485
PharmGKBiPA31696

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IQ5V Eukaryota
ENOG410Y7Z8 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000160744
HOVERGENiHBG050997
InParanoidiQ99743
KOiK09026
OMAiYKMLSSH
OrthoDBiEOG091G11CV
PhylomeDBiQ99743
TreeFamiTF324568

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-1368108 BMAL1:CLOCK,NPAS2 activates circadian gene expression
R-HSA-1989781 PPARA activates gene expression
R-HSA-400253 Circadian Clock

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
NPAS2 human

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

More...
GeneWikii
NPAS2

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
4862

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q99743

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000170485 Expressed in 207 organ(s), highest expression level in lower esophagus mucosa
CleanExiHS_NPAS2
ExpressionAtlasiQ99743 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ99743 HS

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00083 HLH, 1 hit
cd00130 PAS, 2 hits
Gene3Di4.10.280.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011598 bHLH_dom
IPR036638 HLH_DNA-bd_sf
IPR001067 Nuc_translocat
IPR001610 PAC
IPR000014 PAS
IPR035965 PAS-like_dom_sf
IPR013767 PAS_fold
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00010 HLH, 1 hit
PF00989 PAS, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00785 NCTRNSLOCATR
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00353 HLH, 1 hit
SM00086 PAC, 1 hit
SM00091 PAS, 2 hits
SUPFAMiSSF47459 SSF47459, 1 hit
SSF55785 SSF55785, 2 hits
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00229 sensory_box, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50888 BHLH, 1 hit
PS50112 PAS, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiNPAS2_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q99743
Secondary accession number(s): Q4ZFV9
, Q53SQ3, Q86V96, Q99629
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 15, 1998
Last sequence update: November 2, 2010
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 176 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 2
    Human chromosome 2: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  3. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again