Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 136 (13 Feb 2019)
Sequence version 4 (03 Oct 2012)
Previous versions | rss
Other tutorials and videosHelp videoFeedback
Protein

Putative gonadotropin-releasing hormone II receptor

Gene

GNRHR2

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein uncertaini <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Putative receptor for gonadotropin releasing hormone II (GnRH II) which is most probably non-functional.2 Publications

Caution

Could be the product of a pseudogene. A frameshift introducing a premature stop codon in exon 1 most probably results in the inactivation of that transcribed gene in human. However, alternative splicing may allow the production of a truncated but possibly functional protein containing 5 transmembrane domains which is shown here.Curated

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor activity Source: GO_Central

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionG-protein coupled receptor, Receptor, Transducer

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-375281 Hormone ligand-binding receptors
R-HSA-416476 G alpha (q) signalling events

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Putative gonadotropin-releasing hormone II receptor
Short name:
GnRH II receptor
Short name:
GnRH-II-R
Alternative name(s):
Type II GnRH receptor
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GNRHR2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:16341 GNRHR2

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

More...
MIMi
612875 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_Q96P88

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 28ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST28
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei29 – 49Helical; Name=1Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini50 – 67CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST18
Transmembranei68 – 88Helical; Name=2Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini89 – 115ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST27
Transmembranei116 – 136Helical; Name=3Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini137 – 177CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST41
Transmembranei178 – 198Helical; Name=4Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini199 – 216ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST18
Transmembranei217 – 237Helical; Name=5Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini238 – 292CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST55

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
114814

Chemistry databases

Drug and drug target database

More...
DrugBanki
DB01406 Danazol
DB00644 Gonadorelin
DB00666 Nafarelin

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
HGNC:16341

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
408360337

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000694971 – 292Putative gonadotropin-releasing hormone II receptorAdd BLAST292

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi26 ↔ 101PROSITE-ProRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated on the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail.Curated

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q96P88

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q96P88

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
77648

PTM databases

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q96P88

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in many tissues.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000354569

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q96P88

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3656 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRW9 LUCA

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG107957

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q96P88

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF106499

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000276 GPCR_Rhodpsn
IPR017452 GPCR_Rhodpsn_7TM
IPR027983 GphnRH_2_rcpt
IPR001658 GphnRH_fam_rcpt

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR24241:SF116 PTHR24241:SF116, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00001 7tm_1, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00529 GNADOTRPHINR
PR00237 GPCRRHODOPSN

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50262 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F1_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q96P88-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSAGNGTPWD ATWNITVQWL AVDIACRTLM FLKLMATYSA AFLPVVIGLD
60 70 80 90 100
RQAAVLNPLG SRSGVRKLLG AAWGLSFLLA FPQLFLFHTV HCAGPVPFTQ
110 120 130 140 150
CVTKGSFKAQ WQETTYNLFT FCCLFLLPLT AMAICYSRIV LSVSRPQTRK
160 170 180 190 200
GSHAPAGEFA LPRSFDNCPR VRLRALRLAL LILLTFILCW TPYYLLGMWY
210 220 230 240 250
WFSPTMLTEV PPSLSHILFL LGLLNAPLDP LLYGAFTLGC RRGHQELSID
260 270 280 290
SSKEGSGRML QEEIHAFRQL EVQKTVTSRR AGETKGISIT SI
Length:292
Mass (Da):32,537
Last modified:October 3, 2012 - v4
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iCB8E31DABE8030FC
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAL27000 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous gene model prediction.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti96V → D in AAL89821 (PubMed:11861490).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF403014 Genomic DNA Translation: AAL27000.1 Sequence problems.
AY081843 mRNA Translation: AAL89821.1
AL160282 Genomic DNA No translation available.

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Hs.356873
Hs.711567

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF403014 Genomic DNA Translation: AAL27000.1 Sequence problems.
AY081843 mRNA Translation: AAL89821.1
AL160282 Genomic DNA No translation available.
UniGeneiHs.356873
Hs.711567

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ96P88
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9606.ENSP00000354569

Chemistry databases

DrugBankiDB01406 Danazol
DB00644 Gonadorelin
DB00666 Nafarelin

Protein family/group databases

Information system for G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs)

More...
GPCRDBi
Search...

PTM databases

PhosphoSitePlusiQ96P88

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiHGNC:16341
DMDMi408360337

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ96P88
PRIDEiQ96P88
ProteomicsDBi77648

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNETi114814

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
GNRHR2
HGNCiHGNC:16341 GNRHR2
MIMi612875 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q96P88

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3656 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRW9 LUCA
HOVERGENiHBG107957
InParanoidiQ96P88
TreeFamiTF106499

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-375281 Hormone ligand-binding receptors
R-HSA-416476 G alpha (q) signalling events

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q96P88

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000276 GPCR_Rhodpsn
IPR017452 GPCR_Rhodpsn_7TM
IPR027983 GphnRH_2_rcpt
IPR001658 GphnRH_fam_rcpt
PANTHERiPTHR24241:SF116 PTHR24241:SF116, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00001 7tm_1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00529 GNADOTRPHINR
PR00237 GPCRRHODOPSN
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50262 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F1_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGNRR2_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q96P88
Secondary accession number(s): E7EN27, Q8TCX8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 12, 2003
Last sequence update: October 3, 2012
Last modified: February 13, 2019
This is version 136 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  3. Human chromosome 1
    Human chromosome 1: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  4. 7-transmembrane G-linked receptors
    List of 7-transmembrane G-linked receptor entries
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again