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Protein

Serine palmitoyltransferase small subunit A

Gene

SPTSSA

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Stimulates the activity of serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT). The composition of the serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT) complex determines the substrate preference. The SPTLC1-SPTLC2-SPTSSA complex shows a strong preference for C16-CoA substrate, while the SPTLC1-SPTLC3-SPTSSA isozyme uses both C14-CoA and C16-CoA as substrates, with a slight preference for C14-CoA.1 Publication

Caution

It is uncertain whether Met-1 or Met-4 is the initiator.Curated

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: sphingolipid metabolism

This protein is involved in the pathway sphingolipid metabolism, which is part of Lipid metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway sphingolipid metabolism and in Lipid metabolism.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • serine C-palmitoyltransferase activity Source: MGI

GO - Biological processi

  • ceramide biosynthetic process Source: MGI
  • sphingolipid biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processLipid metabolism, Sphingolipid metabolism

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
MetaCyc:MONOMER66-34371

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-1660661 Sphingolipid de novo biosynthesis

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00222

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Serine palmitoyltransferase small subunit A
Alternative name(s):
Small subunit of serine palmitoyltransferase A
Short name:
ssSPTa
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:SPTSSA
Synonyms:C14orf147, SSSPTA
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 14

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000165389.6

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:20361 SPTSSA

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

More...
MIMi
613540 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_Q969W0

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 12CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST12
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei13 – 29HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST17
Topological domaini30 – 34LumenalSequence analysis5
Transmembranei35 – 57HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini58 – 71CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST14

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Endoplasmic reticulum, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000165389

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA128394765

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
SPTSSA

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
238054261

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000899491 – 71Serine palmitoyltransferase small subunit AAdd BLAST71

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q969W0

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q969W0

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q969W0

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
75855

Consortium for Top Down Proteomics

More...
TopDownProteomicsi
Q969W0

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000165389 Expressed in 234 organ(s), highest expression level in adrenal gland

CleanEx database of gene expression profiles

More...
CleanExi
HS_C14orf147

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q969W0 HS

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with SPTLC1; the interaction is direct. Component of the serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT) complex, composed of SPTLC1, either SPTLC2 or SPTLC3, and either SPTSSA or SPTSSB.1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
128143, 7 interactors

CORUM comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes

More...
CORUMi
Q969W0

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-60754N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q969W0, 8 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000298130

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q969W0

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the SPTSS family. SPTSSA subfamily.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410J065 Eukaryota
ENOG410Y1GV LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000002766

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000154434

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q969W0

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
IFMPQHI

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G186X

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q969W0

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF328418

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR024512 Ser_palmitoyltrfase_ssu-like

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR28612 PTHR28612, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF11779 SPT_ssu-like, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q969W0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAGMALARAW KQMSWFYYQY LLVTALYMLE PWERTVFNSM LVSIVGMALY
60 70
TGYVFMPQHI MAILHYFEIV Q
Length:71
Mass (Da):8,466
Last modified:May 26, 2009 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iED4F188040EE703C
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAH16805 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally extended.Curated
The sequence AAH16808 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally extended.Curated
The sequence AAH21701 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally extended.Curated
The sequence AAH68480 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally extended.Curated
The sequence BAG37801 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally extended.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti56M → V in AAH21701 (PubMed:15489334).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK315409 mRNA Translation: BAG37801.1 Different initiation.
CH471078 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW65923.1
CH471078 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW65924.1
BC016805 mRNA Translation: AAH16805.1 Different initiation.
BC016808 mRNA Translation: AAH16808.1 Different initiation.
BC021701 mRNA Translation: AAH21701.1 Different initiation.
BC068480 mRNA Translation: AAH68480.1 Different initiation.

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS9647.2

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_612145.2, NM_138288.3

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Hs.740577

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000298130; ENSP00000298130; ENSG00000165389

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
171546

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:171546

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc001wsc.4 human

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK315409 mRNA Translation: BAG37801.1 Different initiation.
CH471078 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW65923.1
CH471078 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW65924.1
BC016805 mRNA Translation: AAH16805.1 Different initiation.
BC016808 mRNA Translation: AAH16808.1 Different initiation.
BC021701 mRNA Translation: AAH21701.1 Different initiation.
BC068480 mRNA Translation: AAH68480.1 Different initiation.
CCDSiCCDS9647.2
RefSeqiNP_612145.2, NM_138288.3
UniGeneiHs.740577

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ969W0
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi128143, 7 interactors
CORUMiQ969W0
DIPiDIP-60754N
IntActiQ969W0, 8 interactors
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000298130

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiSPTSSA
DMDMi238054261

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ969W0
PeptideAtlasiQ969W0
PRIDEiQ969W0
ProteomicsDBi75855
TopDownProteomicsiQ969W0

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
171546
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000298130; ENSP00000298130; ENSG00000165389
GeneIDi171546
KEGGihsa:171546
UCSCiuc001wsc.4 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
171546
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000165389.6

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
SPTSSA
HGNCiHGNC:20361 SPTSSA
MIMi613540 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q969W0
OpenTargetsiENSG00000165389
PharmGKBiPA128394765

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410J065 Eukaryota
ENOG410Y1GV LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000002766
HOGENOMiHOG000154434
InParanoidiQ969W0
OMAiIFMPQHI
OrthoDBiEOG091G186X
PhylomeDBiQ969W0
TreeFamiTF328418

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00222

BioCyciMetaCyc:MONOMER66-34371
ReactomeiR-HSA-1660661 Sphingolipid de novo biosynthesis

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
SPTSSA human

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
171546

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q969W0

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000165389 Expressed in 234 organ(s), highest expression level in adrenal gland
CleanExiHS_C14orf147
GenevisibleiQ969W0 HS

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR024512 Ser_palmitoyltrfase_ssu-like
PANTHERiPTHR28612 PTHR28612, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF11779 SPT_ssu-like, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSPTSA_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q969W0
Secondary accession number(s): B2RD54, D3DS93, Q8WTZ7
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 5, 2005
Last sequence update: May 26, 2009
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 114 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Human chromosome 14
    Human chromosome 14: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  3. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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