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Protein

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha

Gene

PPARA

Organism
Canis lupus familiaris (Dog) (Canis familiaris)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Ligand-activated transcription factor. Key regulator of lipid metabolism. Activated by the endogenous ligand 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (16:0/18:1-GPC). Activated by oleylethanolamide, a naturally occurring lipid that regulates satiety. Receptor for peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Regulates the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Functions as transcription activator for the ACOX1 and P450 genes. Transactivation activity requires heterodimerization with RXRA and is antagonized by NR2C2. May be required for the propagation of clock information to metabolic pathways regulated by PER2 (By similarity).By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei433Essential for heterodimerization with RXRABy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section specifies the position and type of each DNA-binding domain present within the protein.<p><a href='/help/dna_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>DNA bindingi99 – 173Nuclear receptorPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST75
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section specifies the position(s) and type(s) of zinc fingers within the protein.<p><a href='/help/zn_fing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Zinc fingeri102 – 122NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST21
Zinc fingeri139 – 161NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionActivator, DNA-binding, Receptor
Biological processBiological rhythms, Transcription, Transcription regulation
LigandLipid-binding, Metal-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-CFA-383280 Nuclear Receptor transcription pathway
R-CFA-400206 Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha)
R-CFA-4090294 SUMOylation of intracellular receptors

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha
Short name:
PPAR-alpha
Alternative name(s):
Nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group C member 1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PPARA
Synonyms:NR1C1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiCanis lupus familiaris (Dog) (Canis familiaris)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9615 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCarnivoraCaniformiaCanidaeCanis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002254 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 10

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:44834 PPARA

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL2847

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000534791 – 468Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphaAdd BLAST468

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q95N78

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSCAFG00000000788 Expressed in 3 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer; with RXRA. This heterodimerization is required for DNA binding and transactivation activity. Interacts with NCOA3 coactivator. Interacts with CITED2; the interaction stimulates its transcriptional activity. Also interacts with PPARBP in vitro. Interacts with AKAP13, LPIN1, PRDM16 and coactivator NCOA6. Interacts with ASXL1 and ASXL2. Interacts with PER2. Interacts with SIRT1; the interaction seems to be modulated by NAD+ levels (By similarity).By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9615.ENSCAFP00000001118

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
Q95N78

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q95N78

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q95N78

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini239 – 466NR LBDPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST228

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni304 – 433Required for heterodimerization with RXRABy similarityAdd BLAST130

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Zinc finger

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Zinc fingeri102 – 122NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST21
Zinc fingeri139 – 161NR C4-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23

Keywords - Domaini

Zinc-finger

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3575 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRZC LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000157097

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000261626

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG106004

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q95N78

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K07294

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FSFTEYQ

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G05U8

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF316304

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.50.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR003074 1Cnucl_rcpt
IPR035500 NHR_like_dom_sf
IPR000536 Nucl_hrmn_rcpt_lig-bd
IPR001723 Nuclear_hrmn_rcpt
IPR003076 PPAR-alpha
IPR001628 Znf_hrmn_rcpt
IPR013088 Znf_NHR/GATA

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00104 Hormone_recep, 1 hit
PF00105 zf-C4, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01288 PROXISOMEPAR
PR01289 PROXISOMPAAR
PR00398 STRDHORMONER
PR00047 STROIDFINGER

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00430 HOLI, 1 hit
SM00399 ZnF_C4, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48508 SSF48508, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51843 NR_LBD, 1 hit
PS00031 NUCLEAR_REC_DBD_1, 1 hit
PS51030 NUCLEAR_REC_DBD_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q95N78-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVDTESPICP LSPLEADDLE SPLSEEFLQE MGNIQEISQS IGEDSSGSFS
60 70 80 90 100
FTEYQYLGSG PGSDGSVITD TLSPAPSPSS VTHPAAPGGA EEPSSVALNI
110 120 130 140 150
ECRICGDRAS GYHYGVHACE GCKGFFRRTI RLKLAYDKCD RSCKIQKKNR
160 170 180 190 200
NKCQYCRFHK CLSVGMSHNA IRFGRMPRSE KAKLKAEILT CEQDPEDAET
210 220 230 240 250
ADLKSLAKRI YEAYLKNFNM NKVKARVILA GKASNNPPFV IHDMETLCMA
260 270 280 290 300
EKTLVAKLVA NGIQNKEAEV RIFHCCQCTS VETVTELTEF AKSIPGFANL
310 320 330 340 350
DLNDQVTLLK YGVYEAIFAM LSSVMNKDGM LVAYGNGFIT REFLKSLRKP
360 370 380 390 400
FCDIMEPKFD FAMKFNALEL DDSDISLFVA AIICCGDRPG LLNVGHIEKM
410 420 430 440 450
QEGIVHVLKL HLQTNHPDNI FLFPKLLQKM ADLRQLVTEH AQLVQVIKKT
460
ESDAALHPLL QEIYRDMY
Length:468
Mass (Da):52,123
Last modified:December 1, 2001 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i11F2C2F9AAB176D5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF350327 mRNA Translation: AAK38655.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001003093.1, NM_001003093.1
XP_005625734.1, XM_005625677.1
XP_013972720.1, XM_014117245.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Cfa.3519

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSCAFT00000001222; ENSCAFP00000001118; ENSCAFG00000000788

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
403654

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
cfa:403654

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF350327 mRNA Translation: AAK38655.1
RefSeqiNP_001003093.1, NM_001003093.1
XP_005625734.1, XM_005625677.1
XP_013972720.1, XM_014117245.1
UniGeneiCfa.3519

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ95N78
SMRiQ95N78
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9615.ENSCAFP00000001118

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ95N78
ChEMBLiCHEMBL2847

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ95N78

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSCAFT00000001222; ENSCAFP00000001118; ENSCAFG00000000788
GeneIDi403654
KEGGicfa:403654

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
5465
VGNCiVGNC:44834 PPARA

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3575 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRZC LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000157097
HOGENOMiHOG000261626
HOVERGENiHBG106004
InParanoidiQ95N78
KOiK07294
OMAiFSFTEYQ
OrthoDBiEOG091G05U8
TreeFamiTF316304

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-CFA-383280 Nuclear Receptor transcription pathway
R-CFA-400206 Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha)
R-CFA-4090294 SUMOylation of intracellular receptors

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q95N78

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSCAFG00000000788 Expressed in 3 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.50.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003074 1Cnucl_rcpt
IPR035500 NHR_like_dom_sf
IPR000536 Nucl_hrmn_rcpt_lig-bd
IPR001723 Nuclear_hrmn_rcpt
IPR003076 PPAR-alpha
IPR001628 Znf_hrmn_rcpt
IPR013088 Znf_NHR/GATA
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00104 Hormone_recep, 1 hit
PF00105 zf-C4, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01288 PROXISOMEPAR
PR01289 PROXISOMPAAR
PR00398 STRDHORMONER
PR00047 STROIDFINGER
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00430 HOLI, 1 hit
SM00399 ZnF_C4, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48508 SSF48508, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51843 NR_LBD, 1 hit
PS00031 NUCLEAR_REC_DBD_1, 1 hit
PS51030 NUCLEAR_REC_DBD_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPPARA_CANLF
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q95N78
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 25, 2002
Last sequence update: December 1, 2001
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 138 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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