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Entry version 103 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Dec 2001)
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Protein

Omega-hydroxypalmitate O-feruloyl transferase

Gene

HHT1

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the synthesis of aromatics of the suberin polymer. Specifically affects the accumulation of the ferulate constituent of suberin in roots and seeds, but has no effect on the content of p-coumarate or sinapate.2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

16-hydroxypalmitic acid is the main acyl acceptor.
  1. KM=9.7 µM for feruloyl-CoA
  2. KM=36.7 µM for p-coumaroyl-CoA
  3. KM=5.1 µM for 16-OH-palmitic acid

    pH dependencei

    Optimum pH is 7.5.

    Temperature dependencei

    Optimum temperature is 10 degrees Celsius.

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei184Proton acceptorBy similarity1
    Active sitei404Proton acceptorBy similarity1

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    GO - Biological processi

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionAcyltransferase, Transferase
    Biological processCell wall biogenesis/degradation

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

    More...
    BioCyci
    ARA:AT5G41040-MONOMER

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Omega-hydroxypalmitate O-feruloyl transferase (EC:2.3.1.188)
    Alternative name(s):
    Omega-hydroxyacid hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
    Protein ALIPHATIC SUBERIN FERULOYL TRANSFERASE
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:HHT1
    Synonyms:ASFT
    Ordered Locus Names:At5g41040
    ORF Names:MEE6.11
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
    • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 5

    Organism-specific databases

    Arabidopsis Information Portal

    More...
    Araporti
    AT5G41040

    The Arabidopsis Information Resource

    More...
    TAIRi
    locus:2162976, AT5G41040

    <p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

    <p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

    Elimination of suberin-associated ester-linked ferulate. Altered permeability and sensitivity of seeds and roots to salt stress.2 Publications

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003920571 – 457Omega-hydroxypalmitate O-feruloyl transferaseAdd BLAST457

    Proteomic databases

    PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

    More...
    PaxDbi
    Q94CD1

    PRoteomics IDEntifications database

    More...
    PRIDEi
    Q94CD1

    ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

    More...
    ProteomicsDBi
    230224 [Q94CD1-1]

    <p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

    <p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

    Expressed in roots, seedlings, leaves, stems, flowers and siliques. Detected at the protein level in roots and in seed coats.2 Publications

    <p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at the protein level'.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

    Detected in seed coats in the inner layer of the outer integument at the beginning of the desiccation stage. Also expressed at the chalazal region as desiccation proceeds.

    Gene expression databases

    ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

    More...
    ExpressionAtlasi
    Q94CD1, baseline and differential

    Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

    More...
    Genevisiblei
    Q94CD1, AT

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRING: functional protein association networks

    More...
    STRINGi
    3702.AT5G41040.1

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    3D structure databases

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    Q94CD1

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    Compositional bias

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi5 – 28Asn-richAdd BLAST24

    <p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the plant acyltransferase family.Curated

    Phylogenomic databases

    evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

    More...
    eggNOGi
    ENOG502QS3E, Eukaryota

    InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

    More...
    InParanoidi
    Q94CD1

    Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

    More...
    PhylomeDBi
    Q94CD1

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

    More...
    Gene3Di
    3.30.559.10, 2 hits

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR023213, CAT-like_dom_sf
    IPR003480, Transferase

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF02458, Transferase, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    This entry describes 1 <p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform. This section is only present in reviewed entries, i.e. in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoform i produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
    Note: A number of isoforms are produced. According to EST sequences.

    This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

    Isoform 1 (identifier: Q94CD1-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

    This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MVAENNKNKD VTLSASMDNN NNNIKGTNIH LEVHQKEPAL VKPESETRKG
    60 70 80 90 100
    LYFLSNLDQN IAVIVRTIYC FKSEERGNEE AVQVIKKALS QVLVHYYPLA
    110 120 130 140 150
    GRLTISPEGK LTVDCTEEGV VFVEAEANCK MDEIGDITKP DPETLGKLVY
    160 170 180 190 200
    DVVDAKNILE IPPVTAQVTK FKCGGFVLGL CMNHCMFDGI GAMEFVNSWG
    210 220 230 240 250
    QVARGLPLTT PPFSDRTILN ARNPPKIENL HQEFEEIEDK SNINSLYTKE
    260 270 280 290 300
    PTLYRSFCFD PEKIKKLKLQ ATENSESLLG NSCTSFEALS AFVWRARTKS
    310 320 330 340 350
    LKMLSDQKTK LLFAVDGRAK FEPQLPKGYF GNGIVLTNSI CEAGELIEKP
    360 370 380 390 400
    LSFAVGLVRE AIKMVTDGYM RSAIDYFEVT RARPSLSSTL LITTWSRLGF
    410 420 430 440 450
    HTTDFGWGEP ILSGPVALPE KEVTLFLSHG EQRRSINVLL GLPATAMDVF

    QEQFLQI
    Length:457
    Mass (Da):50,958
    Last modified:December 1, 2001 - v1
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i44AE9D12FB15A747
    GO

    <p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

    There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
    EntryEntry nameProtein names
    Gene namesLengthAnnotation
    F4JWW6F4JWW6_ARATH
    HXXXD-type acyl-transferase family ...
    RWP1 ASFT, HHT, MEE6.11, MEE6_11, At5g41040
    441Annotation score:

    Annotation score:1 out of 5

    <p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

    <p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

    The sequence BAB09706 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous gene model prediction.Curated

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    GQ176867 mRNA Translation: ACY78659.1
    AB010072 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB09706.1 Sequence problems.
    CP002688 Genomic DNA Translation: AED94628.1
    AY034954 mRNA Translation: AAK59460.1
    AY062996 mRNA Translation: AAL34170.1

    NCBI Reference Sequences

    More...
    RefSeqi
    NP_568587.2, NM_123469.2
    NP_851111.1, NM_180780.2 [Q94CD1-1]

    Genome annotation databases

    Ensembl plant genome annotation project

    More...
    EnsemblPlantsi
    AT5G41040.1; AT5G41040.1; AT5G41040 [Q94CD1-1]

    Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

    More...
    GeneIDi
    834106

    Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

    More...
    Gramenei
    AT5G41040.1; AT5G41040.1; AT5G41040 [Q94CD1-1]

    KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

    More...
    KEGGi
    ath:AT5G41040

    Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

    Alternative splicing

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    GQ176867 mRNA Translation: ACY78659.1
    AB010072 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB09706.1 Sequence problems.
    CP002688 Genomic DNA Translation: AED94628.1
    AY034954 mRNA Translation: AAK59460.1
    AY062996 mRNA Translation: AAL34170.1
    RefSeqiNP_568587.2, NM_123469.2
    NP_851111.1, NM_180780.2 [Q94CD1-1]

    3D structure databases

    SMRiQ94CD1
    ModBaseiSearch...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRINGi3702.AT5G41040.1

    Proteomic databases

    PaxDbiQ94CD1
    PRIDEiQ94CD1
    ProteomicsDBi230224 [Q94CD1-1]

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsemblPlantsiAT5G41040.1; AT5G41040.1; AT5G41040 [Q94CD1-1]
    GeneIDi834106
    GrameneiAT5G41040.1; AT5G41040.1; AT5G41040 [Q94CD1-1]
    KEGGiath:AT5G41040

    Organism-specific databases

    AraportiAT5G41040
    TAIRilocus:2162976, AT5G41040

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiENOG502QS3E, Eukaryota
    InParanoidiQ94CD1
    PhylomeDBiQ94CD1

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BioCyciARA:AT5G41040-MONOMER

    Miscellaneous databases

    Protein Ontology

    More...
    PROi
    PR:Q94CD1

    Gene expression databases

    ExpressionAtlasiQ94CD1, baseline and differential
    GenevisibleiQ94CD1, AT

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di3.30.559.10, 2 hits
    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR023213, CAT-like_dom_sf
    IPR003480, Transferase
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF02458, Transferase, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiHHT1_ARATH
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q94CD1
    Secondary accession number(s): Q9FLM5
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 2, 2010
    Last sequence update: December 1, 2001
    Last modified: April 7, 2021
    This is version 103 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. Arabidopsis thaliana
      Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
    2. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
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