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Entry version 209 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 3 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Histone H2A type 1-C

Gene

H2AC6

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Pathway Commons web resource for biological pathway data

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PathwayCommonsi
Q93077

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

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Reactomei
R-HSA-110328, Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected pyrimidine
R-HSA-110329, Cleavage of the damaged pyrimidine
R-HSA-110330, Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected purine
R-HSA-110331, Cleavage of the damaged purine
R-HSA-1221632, Meiotic synapsis
R-HSA-171306, Packaging Of Telomere Ends
R-HSA-1912408, Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation
R-HSA-201722, Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex
R-HSA-212300, PRC2 methylates histones and DNA
R-HSA-2299718, Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes
R-HSA-2559580, Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence
R-HSA-2559582, Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP)
R-HSA-2559586, DNA Damage/Telomere Stress Induced Senescence
R-HSA-3214815, HDACs deacetylate histones
R-HSA-3214847, HATs acetylate histones
R-HSA-3214858, RMTs methylate histone arginines
R-HSA-427359, SIRT1 negatively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-427389, ERCC6 (CSB) and EHMT2 (G9a) positively regulate rRNA expression
R-HSA-427413, NoRC negatively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-5250924, B-WICH complex positively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-5334118, DNA methylation
R-HSA-5578749, Transcriptional regulation by small RNAs
R-HSA-5617472, Activation of anterior HOX genes in hindbrain development during early embryogenesis
R-HSA-5625886, Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3
R-HSA-5689603, UCH proteinases
R-HSA-5689880, Ub-specific processing proteases
R-HSA-5689901, Metalloprotease DUBs
R-HSA-606279, Deposition of new CENPA-containing nucleosomes at the centromere
R-HSA-73728, RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening
R-HSA-73772, RNA Polymerase I Promoter Escape
R-HSA-8936459, RUNX1 regulates genes involved in megakaryocyte differentiation and platelet function
R-HSA-8939236, RUNX1 regulates transcription of genes involved in differentiation of HSCs
R-HSA-9018519, Estrogen-dependent gene expression
R-HSA-912446, Meiotic recombination
R-HSA-9609690, HCMV Early Events
R-HSA-9610379, HCMV Late Events
R-HSA-9616222, Transcriptional regulation of granulopoiesis
R-HSA-9670095, Inhibition of DNA recombination at telomere
R-HSA-977225, Amyloid fiber formation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Histone H2A type 1-C
Alternative name(s):
H2A-clustered histone 6Imported
Histone H2A/l
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:H2AC6Imported
Synonyms:H2AFL, HIST1H2ACImported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 6

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

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HGNCi
HGNC:4733, H2AC6

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

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MIMi
602794, gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

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neXtProti
NX_Q93077

Eukaryotic Pathogen, Vector and Host Database Resources

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VEuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000180573.9

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chromosome, Nucleosome core, Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi2S → A: Blocks the inhibition of transcription by RPS6KA5/MSK1. 1 Publication1

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

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DisGeNETi
8334

Open Targets

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OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000180573

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

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PharmGKBi
PA29110

Miscellaneous databases

Pharos NIH Druggable Genome Knowledgebase

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Pharosi
Q93077, Tdark

Genetic variation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

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BioMutai
HIST1H2AC

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

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DMDMi
12643341

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000552362 – 130Histone H2A type 1-CAdd BLAST129

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2N-acetylserine2 Publications1
Modified residuei2Phosphoserine; by RPS6KA51 Publication1
Modified residuei4Citrulline; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei4Symmetric dimethylarginine; by PRMT5; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei6N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei6N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei10N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei10N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei10N6-lactoyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei10N6-succinyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei14N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section describes <strong>covalent linkages</strong> of various types formed <strong>between two proteins (interchain cross-links)</strong> or <strong>between two parts of the same protein (intrachain cross-links)</strong>, except the disulfide bonds that are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/disulfid">'Disulfide bond'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/crosslnk' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-linki14Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin); alternate2 Publications
Cross-linki16Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)2 Publications
Modified residuei37N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei37N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei37N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei75N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine1 Publication1
Modified residuei76N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine1 Publication1
Modified residuei96N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei96N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei96N6-glutaryllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei96N6-succinyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei105N5-methylglutamine1 Publication1
Modified residuei119N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei119N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei119N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei119N6-glutaryllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei120N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei120N6-glutaryllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Cross-linki120Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin); alternate4 Publications
Modified residuei121Phosphothreonine; by DCAF12 Publications1
Modified residuei126N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei126N6-glutaryllysine; alternate1 Publication1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Deiminated on Arg-4 in granulocytes upon calcium entry.1 Publication
Monoubiquitination of Lys-120 (H2AK119Ub) by RING1, TRIM37 and RNF2/RING2 complex gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression and participates in X chromosome inactivation of female mammals. It is involved in the initiation of both imprinted and random X inactivation. Ubiquitinated H2A is enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin. Ubiquitination of H2A functions downstream of methylation of 'Lys-27' of histone H3 (H3K27me). H2AK119Ub by RNF2/RING2 can also be induced by ultraviolet and may be involved in DNA repair. Monoubiquitination of Lys-120 (H2AK119Ub) by TRIM37 may promote transformation of cells in a number of breast cancers (PubMed:25470042). Following DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), it is ubiquitinated through 'Lys-63' linkage of ubiquitin moieties by the E2 ligase UBE2N and the E3 ligases RNF8 and RNF168, leading to the recruitment of repair proteins to sites of DNA damage. Ubiquitination at Lys-14 and Lys-16 (H2AK13Ub and H2AK15Ub, respectively) in response to DNA damage is initiated by RNF168 that mediates monoubiquitination at these 2 sites, and 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin are then conjugated to monoubiquitin; RNF8 is able to extend 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin chains in vitro. Deubiquitinated by USP51 at Lys-14 and Lys-16 (H2AK13Ub and H2AK15Ub, respectively) after damaged DNA is repaired (PubMed:27083998). H2AK119Ub and ionizing radiation-induced 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination (H2AK13Ub and H2AK15Ub) are distinct events.12 Publications
Phosphorylation on Ser-2 (H2AS1ph) is enhanced during mitosis. Phosphorylation on Ser-2 by RPS6KA5/MSK1 directly represses transcription. Acetylation of H3 inhibits Ser-2 phosphorylation by RPS6KA5/MSK1. Phosphorylation at Thr-121 (H2AT120ph) by DCAF1 is present in the regulatory region of many tumor suppresor genes and down-regulates their transcription.5 Publications
Glutamine methylation at Gln-105 (H2AQ104me) by FBL is specifically dedicated to polymerase I. It is present at 35S ribosomal DNA locus and impairs binding of the FACT complex (PubMed:24352239).1 Publication
Symmetric dimethylation on Arg-4 by the PRDM1/PRMT5 complex may play a crucial role in the germ-cell lineage.By similarity
Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.1 Publication
Lactylated in macrophages by EP300/P300 by using lactoyl-CoA directly derived from endogenous or exogenous lactate, leading to stimulates gene transcription.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Citrullination, Hydroxylation, Isopeptide bond, Methylation, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

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EPDi
Q93077

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

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jPOSTi
Q93077

MassIVE - Mass Spectrometry Interactive Virtual Environment

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MassIVEi
Q93077

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

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MaxQBi
Q93077

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

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PaxDbi
Q93077

PeptideAtlas

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PeptideAtlasi
Q93077

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

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PRIDEi
Q93077

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

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ProteomicsDBi
75705

Consortium for Top Down Proteomics

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TopDownProteomicsi
Q93077

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

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iPTMneti
Q93077

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

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PhosphoSitePlusi
Q93077

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

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SwissPalmi
Q93077

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

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Bgeei
ENSG00000180573, Expressed in stomach and 237 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

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ExpressionAtlasi
Q93077, baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

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Genevisiblei
Q93077, HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

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HPAi
ENSG00000180573, Group enriched (blood, lymphoid tissue)

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">Interaction</a>' section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Hide details

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

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BioGRIDi
113930, 39 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
Q93077, 29 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

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MINTi
Q93077

STRING: functional protein association networks

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STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000367022

Miscellaneous databases

RNAct, Protein-RNA interaction predictions for model organisms.

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RNActi
Q93077, protein

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1130
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q93077

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

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PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 22DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST22

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the histone H2A family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
KOG1756, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

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GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000153092

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
CLU_062828_3_1_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
Q93077

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
ELAHNTC

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
1504122at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

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PhylomeDBi
Q93077

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

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TreeFami
TF300137

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

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CDDi
cd00074, H2A, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
1.10.20.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009072, Histone-fold
IPR002119, Histone_H2A
IPR007125, Histone_H2A/H2B/H3
IPR032454, Histone_H2A_C
IPR032458, Histone_H2A_CS

Pfam protein domain database

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Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00125, Histone, 1 hit
PF16211, Histone_H2A_C, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

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PRINTSi
PR00620, HISTONEH2A

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

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SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00414, H2A, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

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SUPFAMi
SSF47113, SSF47113, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

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PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00046, HISTONE_H2A, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q93077-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSGRGKQGGK ARAKAKSRSS RAGLQFPVGR VHRLLRKGNY AERVGAGAPV
60 70 80 90 100
YLAAVLEYLT AEILELAGNA ARDNKKTRII PRHLQLAIRN DEELNKLLGR
110 120 130
VTIAQGGVLP NIQAVLLPKK TESHHKAKGK
Length:130
Mass (Da):14,105
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iECEF06C793FE9AC2
GO

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports information derived from mass spectrometry experiments done on the entire protein or on biologically active derived peptide(s).<p><a href='/help/mass_spectrometry' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mass spectrometryi

Molecular mass is 14007.8 Da. Determined by ESI. Monoisotopic with N-acetylserine.1 Publication

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

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DDBJi
Links Updated
U90551 mRNA Translation: AAB53429.1
U91328 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB82086.1
Z80778 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB02540.1
AY131984 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN59965.1
AK311811 mRNA Translation: BAG34754.1
CH471087 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW55532.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

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CCDSi
CCDS4585.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_003503.1, NM_003512.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

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Ensembli
ENST00000314088; ENSP00000321389; ENSG00000180573
ENST00000377791; ENSP00000367022; ENSG00000180573
ENST00000602637; ENSP00000473534; ENSG00000180573

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
8334

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

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KEGGi
hsa:8334

UCSC genome browser

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UCSCi
uc003ngm.4, human

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U90551 mRNA Translation: AAB53429.1
U91328 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB82086.1
Z80778 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB02540.1
AY131984 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN59965.1
AK311811 mRNA Translation: BAG34754.1
CH471087 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW55532.1
CCDSiCCDS4585.1
RefSeqiNP_003503.1, NM_003512.3

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

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PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

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RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

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PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
6C0Welectron microscopy4.00C/G1-130[»]
6MUOelectron microscopy3.60C/G14-118[»]
6MUPelectron microscopy3.50C/G14-118[»]
6UPKelectron microscopy4.90C1-130[»]
6UPLelectron microscopy7.40C/K1-130[»]
7A08electron microscopy3.11b/f2-130[»]
SMRiQ93077
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi113930, 39 interactors
IntActiQ93077, 29 interactors
MINTiQ93077
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000367022

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ93077
PhosphoSitePlusiQ93077
SwissPalmiQ93077

Genetic variation databases

BioMutaiHIST1H2AC
DMDMi12643341

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ93077
jPOSTiQ93077
MassIVEiQ93077
MaxQBiQ93077
PaxDbiQ93077
PeptideAtlasiQ93077
PRIDEiQ93077
ProteomicsDBi75705
TopDownProteomicsiQ93077

Protocols and materials databases

Antibodypedia a portal for validated antibodies

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Antibodypediai
25541, 43 antibodies

The DNASU plasmid repository

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DNASUi
8334

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000314088; ENSP00000321389; ENSG00000180573
ENST00000377791; ENSP00000367022; ENSG00000180573
ENST00000602637; ENSP00000473534; ENSG00000180573
GeneIDi8334
KEGGihsa:8334
UCSCiuc003ngm.4, human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

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CTDi
8334
DisGeNETi8334

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

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GeneCardsi
H2AC6
HGNCiHGNC:4733, H2AC6
HPAiENSG00000180573, Group enriched (blood, lymphoid tissue)
MIMi602794, gene
neXtProtiNX_Q93077
OpenTargetsiENSG00000180573
PharmGKBiPA29110
VEuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000180573.9

GenAtlas: human gene database

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GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1756, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000153092
HOGENOMiCLU_062828_3_1_1
InParanoidiQ93077
OMAiELAHNTC
OrthoDBi1504122at2759
PhylomeDBiQ93077
TreeFamiTF300137

Enzyme and pathway databases

PathwayCommonsiQ93077
ReactomeiR-HSA-110328, Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected pyrimidine
R-HSA-110329, Cleavage of the damaged pyrimidine
R-HSA-110330, Recognition and association of DNA glycosylase with site containing an affected purine
R-HSA-110331, Cleavage of the damaged purine
R-HSA-1221632, Meiotic synapsis
R-HSA-171306, Packaging Of Telomere Ends
R-HSA-1912408, Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation
R-HSA-201722, Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex
R-HSA-212300, PRC2 methylates histones and DNA
R-HSA-2299718, Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes
R-HSA-2559580, Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence
R-HSA-2559582, Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP)
R-HSA-2559586, DNA Damage/Telomere Stress Induced Senescence
R-HSA-3214815, HDACs deacetylate histones
R-HSA-3214847, HATs acetylate histones
R-HSA-3214858, RMTs methylate histone arginines
R-HSA-427359, SIRT1 negatively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-427389, ERCC6 (CSB) and EHMT2 (G9a) positively regulate rRNA expression
R-HSA-427413, NoRC negatively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-5250924, B-WICH complex positively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-5334118, DNA methylation
R-HSA-5578749, Transcriptional regulation by small RNAs
R-HSA-5617472, Activation of anterior HOX genes in hindbrain development during early embryogenesis
R-HSA-5625886, Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3
R-HSA-5689603, UCH proteinases
R-HSA-5689880, Ub-specific processing proteases
R-HSA-5689901, Metalloprotease DUBs
R-HSA-606279, Deposition of new CENPA-containing nucleosomes at the centromere
R-HSA-73728, RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening
R-HSA-73772, RNA Polymerase I Promoter Escape
R-HSA-8936459, RUNX1 regulates genes involved in megakaryocyte differentiation and platelet function
R-HSA-8939236, RUNX1 regulates transcription of genes involved in differentiation of HSCs
R-HSA-9018519, Estrogen-dependent gene expression
R-HSA-912446, Meiotic recombination
R-HSA-9609690, HCMV Early Events
R-HSA-9610379, HCMV Late Events
R-HSA-9616222, Transcriptional regulation of granulopoiesis
R-HSA-9670095, Inhibition of DNA recombination at telomere
R-HSA-977225, Amyloid fiber formation

Miscellaneous databases

BioGRID ORCS database of CRISPR phenotype screens

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BioGRID-ORCSi
8334, 292 hits in 964 CRISPR screens

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

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ChiTaRSi
HIST1H2AC, human

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

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GeneWikii
HIST1H2AC

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

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GenomeRNAii
8334
PharosiQ93077, Tdark

Protein Ontology

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PROi
PR:Q93077
RNActiQ93077, protein

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

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SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000180573, Expressed in stomach and 237 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiQ93077, baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ93077, HS

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00074, H2A, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.20.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009072, Histone-fold
IPR002119, Histone_H2A
IPR007125, Histone_H2A/H2B/H3
IPR032454, Histone_H2A_C
IPR032458, Histone_H2A_CS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00125, Histone, 1 hit
PF16211, Histone_H2A_C, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00620, HISTONEH2A
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00414, H2A, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47113, SSF47113, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00046, HISTONE_H2A, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiH2A1C_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q93077
Secondary accession number(s): B2R4F7
, O00775, O00776, O00777, O00778, Q540R1
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 24, 2001
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 209 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 6
    Human chromosome 6: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  3. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  4. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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