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Protein

Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase

Gene

HN

Organism
Newcastle disease virus (strain Chicken/United States/B1/48) (NDV)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Mediates the viral entry into the host cell together with fusion/F protein. Attaches the virus to sialic acid-containing cell receptors and thereby initiates infection. Binding of HN protein to the receptor induces a conformational change that allows the F protein to trigger virion/cell membranes fusion.6 Publications
Neuraminidase activity ensures the efficient spread of the virus by dissociating the mature virions from the neuraminic acid containing glycoproteins.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • Hydrolysis of alpha-(2->3)-, alpha-(2->6)-, alpha-(2->8)- glycosidic linkages of terminal sialic acid residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid and synthetic substrates. EC:3.2.1.18

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHemagglutinin, Hydrolase
Biological processHost-virus interaction, Viral attachment to host cell, Virus entry into host cell

Protein family/group databases

Carbohydrate-Active enZymes

More...
CAZyi
GH83 Glycoside Hydrolase Family 83

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (EC:3.2.1.18)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:HN
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiNewcastle disease virus (strain Chicken/United States/B1/48) (NDV)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri652953 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiVirusesssRNA virusesssRNA negative-strand virusesMononegaviralesParamyxoviridaeAvulavirus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section only exists in viral entries and indicates the host(s) either as a specific organism or taxonomic group of organisms that are susceptible to be infected by a virus.<p><a href='/help/virus_host' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Virus hostiGallus gallus (Chicken) [TaxID: 9031]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002328 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Genome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 26IntravirionSequence analysisAdd BLAST26
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei27 – 47HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini48 – 577Virion surfaceSequence analysisAdd BLAST530

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Host cell membrane, Host membrane, Membrane, Viral envelope protein, Virion

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi83R → T: About 95% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi97L → T: About 95% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi133I → A: About 80% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi140L → A: About 80% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi158E → A: About 98% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi160L → A: About 97% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi220F → A: About 97% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi224L → A: About 97% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi526Y → Q: About 30% to 50% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi536K → A: About 96% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi557R → A: About 99% loss of the fusion promotion activities. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003906221 – 577Hemagglutinin-neuraminidaseAdd BLAST577

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi341N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by host1 Publication1
Glycosylationi433N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by host1 Publication1
Glycosylationi481N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by host1 Publication1
Glycosylationi538N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by hostSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer (PubMed:12438628). Forms homotetramers (PubMed:15016893). Interacts with fusion/F protein (PubMed:14512552, PubMed:23740987). Interacts with host CG-1B; this interaction inhibits viral adsorption and replication rather than internalization (PubMed:28978647).5 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q91UL0

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q91UL0

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni124 – 152Important for interaction with fusion/F protein1 PublicationAdd BLAST29

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi518 – 521Poly-Ser4

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal-anchor, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
VOG090000BM

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd15469 HN, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016285 Hemagglutn-neuramid
IPR000665 Hemagglutn/HN
IPR036278 Sialidase_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00423 HN, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001072 Hemagglut-neuramid_paramyxoV, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF50939 SSF50939, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q91UL0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDRAVSQVAL ENDEREAKNT WRLIFRIAIL FLTVVTLAIS VASLLYSMGA
60 70 80 90 100
STPSDLVGIP TRISRAEEKI TSTLGSNQDV VDRIYKQVAL ESPLALLNTE
110 120 130 140 150
TTIMNAITSL SYQINGAANN SGWGAPIHDP DYIGGIGKEL IVDDASDVTS
160 170 180 190 200
FYPSAFQEHL NFIPAPTTGS GCTRIPSFDM SATHYCYTHN VILSGCRDHS
210 220 230 240 250
HSYQYLALGV LRTSATGRVF FSTLRSINLD DTQNRKSCSV SATPLGCDML
260 270 280 290 300
CSKATETEEE DYNSAVPTRM VHGRLGFDGQ YHEKDLDVTT LFGDWVANYP
310 320 330 340 350
GVGGGSFIDS RVWFSVYGGL KPNSPSDTVQ EGKYVIYKRY NDTCPDEQDY
360 370 380 390 400
QIRMAKSSYK PGRFGGKRIQ QAILSIKVST SLGEDPVLTV PPNTVTLMGA
410 420 430 440 450
EGRILTVGTS HFLYQRGSSY FSPALLYPMT VSNKTATLHS PYTFNAFTRP
460 470 480 490 500
GSIPCQASAR CPNSCVTGVY TDPYPLIFYR NHTLRGVFGT MLDGEQARLN
510 520 530 540 550
PASAVFDSTS RSRITRVSSS SIKAAYTTST CFKVVKTNKT YCLSIAEISN
560 570
TLFGEFRIVP LLVEILKDDG VREARSG
Length:577
Mass (Da):63,227
Last modified:December 1, 2001 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i23DD6748352C8C17
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF309418 Genomic RNA Translation: AAG36979.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_071470.1, NC_002617.1

Genome annotation databases

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
vg:912270

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF309418 Genomic RNA Translation: AAG36979.1
RefSeqiNP_071470.1, NC_002617.1

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ91UL0
SMRiQ91UL0
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH83 Glycoside Hydrolase Family 83

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

KEGGivg:912270

Phylogenomic databases

OrthoDBiVOG090000BM

Family and domain databases

CDDicd15469 HN, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016285 Hemagglutn-neuramid
IPR000665 Hemagglutn/HN
IPR036278 Sialidase_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00423 HN, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001072 Hemagglut-neuramid_paramyxoV, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF50939 SSF50939, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiHN_NDVB1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q91UL0
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 19, 2010
Last sequence update: December 1, 2001
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 84 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programViral Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Glycosyl hydrolases
    Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries
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