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Entry version 151 (07 Oct 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1996)
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Protein

Tiggy-winkle hedgehog protein

Gene

shhb

Organism
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (Brachydanio rerio)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Intercellular signal essential for a variety of patterning events during development. Involved in dorso-ventral patterning of the brain and in early patterning of the developing eyes.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi92Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi93Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi93Calcium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi98Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi128Calcium 1; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi129Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi129Calcium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi132Calcium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi134Calcium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi143ZincBy similarity1
Metal bindingi150ZincBy similarity1
Metal bindingi185ZincBy similarity1
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections ('Function', 'PTM / Processing', 'Pathology and Biotech') according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei270Involved in auto-cleavageBy similarity1
Sitei273Essential for auto-cleavageBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein, Hydrolase, Protease
LigandCalcium, Metal-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-DRE-5358346, Hedgehog ligand biogenesis
R-DRE-5362798, Release of Hh-Np from the secreting cell
R-DRE-5632681, Ligand-receptor interactions
R-DRE-5635838, Activation of SMO

Protein family/group databases

MEROPS protease database

More...
MEROPSi
C46.005

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tiggy-winkle hedgehog protein
Short name:
TWHH
Alternative name(s):
Sonic hedgehog protein B
Short name:
SHHB
Cleaved into the following 2 chains:
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:shhb
Synonyms:twhh
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDanio rerio (Zebrafish) (Brachydanio rerio)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7955 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiActinopterygiiNeopterygiiTeleosteiOstariophysiCypriniformesDanionidaeDanioninaeDanio
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000437 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Zebrafish Information Network genome database

More...
ZFINi
ZDB-GENE-980526-41, shhb

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane, Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 26Sequence analysisAdd BLAST26
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001325627 – 416Tiggy-winkle hedgehog proteinAdd BLAST390
ChainiPRO_000001325727 – 200Tiggy-winkle hedgehog protein N-productAdd BLAST174
ChainiPRO_0000013258201 – 416Tiggy-winkle hedgehog protein C-productAdd BLAST216

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi27N-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Lipidationi200Cholesterol glycine esterBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

The C-terminal domain displays an autoproteolysis activity and a cholesterol transferase activity. Both activities result in the cleavage of the full-length protein and covalent attachment of a cholesterol moiety to the C-terminal of the newly generated N-terminal fragment (N-product). This covalent modification appears to play an essential role in restricting the spatial distribution of the protein activity to the cell surface. The N-product is the active species in both local and long-range signaling, whereas the C-product has no signaling activity (By similarity).By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sitei200 – 201Cleavage; by autolysis2

Keywords - PTMi

Autocatalytic cleavage, Lipoprotein, Palmitate

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q90419

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in the ventral midline of the neural tube and brain. In the developing brain, expression occurs in domains that include a discrete region in the floor of the diencephalon. Not detected in the notochord or developing fin bud.

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSDARG00000038867, Expressed in floor plate and 28 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q90419, baseline

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
7955.ENSDARP00000056746

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q90419

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the hedgehog family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3638, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000159119

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_034686_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q90419

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
RRQFIVI

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q90419

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF106458

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.1380.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001657, Hedgehog
IPR001767, Hedgehog_Hint
IPR009045, Hedgehog_sig/DD-Pept_Zn-bd_sf
IPR000320, Hedgehog_signalling_dom
IPR003586, Hint_dom_C
IPR003587, Hint_dom_N
IPR036844, Hint_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01085, HH_signal, 1 hit
PF01079, Hint, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF009400, Peptidase_C46, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00632, SONICHHOG

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00305, HintC, 1 hit
SM00306, HintN, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51294, SSF51294, 1 hit
SSF55166, SSF55166, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q90419-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDVRLHLKQF ALLCFISLLL TPCGLACGPG RGYGKRRHPK KLTPLAYKQF
60 70 80 90 100
IPNVAEKTLG ASGKYEGKIT RNSERFKELI PNYNPDIIFK DEENTNADRL
110 120 130 140 150
MTKRCKDKLN SLAISVMNHW PGVKLRVTEG WDEDGHHLEE SLHYEGRAVD
160 170 180 190 200
ITTSDRDKSK YGMLSRLAVE AGFDWVYYES KAHIHCSVKA ENSVAAKSGG
210 220 230 240 250
CFPGSGTVTL GDGTRKPIKD LKVGDRVLAA DEKGNVLISD FIMFIDHDPT
260 270 280 290 300
TRRQFIVIET SEPFTKLTLT AAHLVFVGNS SAASGITATF ASNVKPGDTV
310 320 330 340 350
LVWEDTCESL KSVTVKRIYT EEHEGSFAPV TAHGTIIVDQ VLASCYAVIE
360 370 380 390 400
NHKWAHWAFA PVRLCHKLMT WLFPARESNV NFQEDGIHWY SNMLFHIGSW
410
LLDRDSFHPL GILHLS
Length:416
Mass (Da):46,576
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i61EC2218309CFE59
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U30710 mRNA Translation: AAC59741.1
U68237 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB38678.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSDART00000056747; ENSDARP00000056746; ENSDARG00000038867

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U30710 mRNA Translation: AAC59741.1
U68237 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB38678.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ90419
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi7955.ENSDARP00000056746

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiC46.005

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ90419

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSDART00000056747; ENSDARP00000056746; ENSDARG00000038867

Organism-specific databases

ZFINiZDB-GENE-980526-41, shhb

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3638, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000159119
HOGENOMiCLU_034686_0_0_1
InParanoidiQ90419
OMAiRRQFIVI
PhylomeDBiQ90419
TreeFamiTF106458

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-DRE-5358346, Hedgehog ligand biogenesis
R-DRE-5362798, Release of Hh-Np from the secreting cell
R-DRE-5632681, Ligand-receptor interactions
R-DRE-5635838, Activation of SMO

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q90419

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSDARG00000038867, Expressed in floor plate and 28 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiQ90419, baseline

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.1380.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001657, Hedgehog
IPR001767, Hedgehog_Hint
IPR009045, Hedgehog_sig/DD-Pept_Zn-bd_sf
IPR000320, Hedgehog_signalling_dom
IPR003586, Hint_dom_C
IPR003587, Hint_dom_N
IPR036844, Hint_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01085, HH_signal, 1 hit
PF01079, Hint, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF009400, Peptidase_C46, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00632, SONICHHOG
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00305, HintC, 1 hit
SM00306, HintN, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51294, SSF51294, 1 hit
SSF55166, SSF55166, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTWHH_DANRE
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q90419
Secondary accession number(s): O13212
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 15, 1999
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: October 7, 2020
This is version 151 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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