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Entry version 97 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Mar 2002)
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Protein

Hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase

Gene

gloB

Organism
Salmonella typhimurium (strain LT2 / SGSC1412 / ATCC 700720)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Thiolesterase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of S-D-lactoyl-glutathione to form glutathione and D-lactic acid.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Fe2+1 Publication, Zn2+1 Publication, Mn2+1 PublicationNote: Binds 2 metal ions per subunit; upon overexpression in E.coli the enzyme purifies with various amounts of iron, zinc and manganese. The endogenous metal is unknown.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: methylglyoxal degradation

This protein is involved in step 2 of the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-lactate from methylglyoxal.
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Lactoylglutathione lyase (gloA)
  2. Hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase (gloB)
This subpathway is part of the pathway methylglyoxal degradation, which is itself part of Secondary metabolite metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-lactate from methylglyoxal, the pathway methylglyoxal degradation and in Secondary metabolite metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi53Divalent metal cation 1; via tele nitrogen1 Publication1
Metal bindingi55Divalent metal cation 1; via pros nitrogen1 Publication1
Metal bindingi57Divalent metal cation 21 Publication1
Metal bindingi58Divalent metal cation 2; via tele nitrogen1 Publication1
Metal bindingi110Divalent metal cation 1; via tele nitrogen1 Publication1
Metal bindingi127Divalent metal cation 11 Publication1
Metal bindingi127Divalent metal cation 21 Publication1
Metal bindingi165Divalent metal cation 2; via tele nitrogen1 Publication1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase
LigandMetal-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

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BioCyci
SENT99287:STM0261-MONOMER

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
3.1.2.6 5542

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
Q8ZRM2

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00619;UER00676

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase (EC:3.1.2.6)
Alternative name(s):
Glyoxalase II
Short name:
Glx II
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:gloB
Ordered Locus Names:STM0261
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSalmonella typhimurium (strain LT2 / SGSC1412 / ATCC 700720)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri99287 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeSalmonella
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001014 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003097041 – 251Hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolaseAdd BLAST251

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q8ZRM2

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q8ZRM2

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer.

1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1251
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q8ZRM2

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
Q8ZRM2

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4108RW0 Bacteria
COG0491 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_030571_4_1_6

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K01069

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
NYIWLLQ

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q8ZRM2

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd07723 hydroxyacylglutathione_hydrolase_MBL-fold, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.60.15.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01374 Glyoxalase_2, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR035680 Clx_II_MBL
IPR032282 HAGH_C
IPR017782 Hydroxyacylglutathione_Hdrlase
IPR001279 Metallo-B-lactamas
IPR036866 RibonucZ/Hydroxyglut_hydro

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF16123 HAGH_C, 1 hit
PF00753 Lactamase_B, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF005457 Glx, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00849 Lactamase_B, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56281 SSF56281, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR03413 GSH_gloB, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q8ZRM2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MNLNSIPAFQ DNYIWVLTND EGRCVIVDPG EAAPVLKAIA EHKWMPEAIF
60 70 80 90 100
LTHHHHDHVG GVKELLQHFP QMTVYGPAET QDKGATHLVG DGDTIRVLGE
110 120 130 140 150
KFTLFATPGH TLGHVCYFSR PYLFCGDTLF SGGCGRLFEG TPSQMYQSLM
160 170 180 190 200
KINSLPDDTL ICCAHEYTLA NIKFALSILP HDSFINEYYR KVKELRVKKQ
210 220 230 240 250
MTLPVILKNE RKINLFLRTE DIDLINEINK ETILQQPEAR FAWLRSKKDT

F
Length:251
Mass (Da):28,633
Last modified:March 1, 2002 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i5A8194A0C921C0E9
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE006468 Genomic DNA Translation: AAL19218.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_459259.1, NC_003197.2
WP_001052775.1, NC_003197.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAL19218; AAL19218; STM0261

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
1251779

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
stm:STM0261

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|99287.12.peg.270

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE006468 Genomic DNA Translation: AAL19218.1
RefSeqiNP_459259.1, NC_003197.2
WP_001052775.1, NC_003197.2

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
2QEDX-ray1.45A1-251[»]
SMRiQ8ZRM2
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ8ZRM2
PRIDEiQ8ZRM2

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAL19218; AAL19218; STM0261
GeneIDi1251779
KEGGistm:STM0261
PATRICifig|99287.12.peg.270

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4108RW0 Bacteria
COG0491 LUCA
HOGENOMiCLU_030571_4_1_6
KOiK01069
OMAiNYIWLLQ
PhylomeDBiQ8ZRM2

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00619;UER00676
BioCyciSENT99287:STM0261-MONOMER
BRENDAi3.1.2.6 5542
SABIO-RKiQ8ZRM2

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ8ZRM2

Family and domain databases

CDDicd07723 hydroxyacylglutathione_hydrolase_MBL-fold, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.60.15.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01374 Glyoxalase_2, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR035680 Clx_II_MBL
IPR032282 HAGH_C
IPR017782 Hydroxyacylglutathione_Hdrlase
IPR001279 Metallo-B-lactamas
IPR036866 RibonucZ/Hydroxyglut_hydro
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF16123 HAGH_C, 1 hit
PF00753 Lactamase_B, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF005457 Glx, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00849 Lactamase_B, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56281 SSF56281, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03413 GSH_gloB, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGLO2_SALTY
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8ZRM2
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 13, 2007
Last sequence update: March 1, 2002
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 97 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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