Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 92 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jun 2002)
Previous versions | rss
Add a publicationFeedback
Protein

GLABRA2 expression modulator

Gene

GEM

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the spatial control of cell division, patterning and differentiation of Arabidopsis root epidermal cells. Could be part of a complex that negatively modulates GLABRA2 and CAPRICE expression via the maintenance of a repressor histone H3 epigenetics status of the GL2 and CPC promoters.1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Biological processi

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
GLABRA2 expression modulator
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GEM
Ordered Locus Names:At2g22475
ORF Names:F14M13.2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT2G22475

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:505006267, AT2G22475

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003116641 – 299GLABRA2 expression modulatorAdd BLAST299

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q8S8F8

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q8S8F8

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
220730 [Q8S8F8-1]

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q8S8F8

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Ubiquitous.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q8S8F8, baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q8S8F8, AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with CDT1, a DNA replication protein and TTG1 (TRANSPARENT TESTA GLABRA1), a WD40-repeat protein involved in GLABRA2-dependent cell fate decision.

1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
2133, 4 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT2G22475.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q8S8F8

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini175 – 252GRAMAdd BLAST78

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the GEM family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG502QUT3, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_063785_1_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q8S8F8

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
YTPAPEN

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1201777at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q8S8F8

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.30.29.30, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR037848, GEM-like
IPR004182, GRAM
IPR011993, PH-like_dom_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR31969, PTHR31969, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02893, GRAM, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00568, GRAM, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform. This section is only present in reviewed entries, i.e. in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Isoform 1 (identifier: Q8S8F8-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEPPKGDTVV KTEVPVKDPS LSVVDSKTKG VEDANTEIAL SDEVEIETKG
60 70 80 90 100
SDSTPVKAPS RTSSGSKKSV HWSPELVSGS QEPDQKAASS SSAGSNPYIA
110 120 130 140 150
RSPAETSDAS LKDTMETVKG VLGRWGKRVA EAAKKTESLA GNTWQHLRTA
160 170 180 190 200
PSFADAAMGR IAQSTKVFAE GGYEKIFRQT FETDPEEQLL NSFACYLSTS
210 220 230 240 250
AGPVMGVLYI SSAKLAYCSD NPLSYKNGDQ TEWSYYKVVI PLHQLKAVNP
260 270 280 290
SASIVNPAEK YIQVISVDNH EFWFMGFLNY DGAVTSLQDS LQAGALRSV
Length:299
Mass (Da):32,215
Last modified:June 1, 2002 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFE56DBED9C40DA23
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q8S8F8-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     239-248: VIPLHQLKAV → MCPTPFISEL
     249-299: Missing.

Note: May be due to intron retention.Curated
Show »
Length:248
Mass (Da):26,652
Checksum:iBA9729AD7D17BE3B
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti47E → V in AAM64738 (Ref. 5) Curated1
Sequence conflicti146H → Q in AAM64738 (Ref. 5) Curated1
Sequence conflicti203P → L in BAC43153 (PubMed:11910074).Curated1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_029568239 – 248VIPLHQLKAV → MCPTPFISEL in isoform 2. Curated10
Alternative sequenceiVSP_029569249 – 299Missing in isoform 2. CuratedAdd BLAST51

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
EF490993 mRNA Translation: ABP35534.1
AC006592 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM15301.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07310.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07311.1
AK118552 mRNA Translation: BAC43153.1
AY087182 mRNA Translation: AAM64738.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_565538.1, NM_127813.3 [Q8S8F8-1]
NP_973510.1, NM_201781.1 [Q8S8F8-2]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT2G22475.1; AT2G22475.1; AT2G22475 [Q8S8F8-1]
AT2G22475.2; AT2G22475.2; AT2G22475 [Q8S8F8-2]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
816780

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT2G22475.1; AT2G22475.1; AT2G22475 [Q8S8F8-1]
AT2G22475.2; AT2G22475.2; AT2G22475 [Q8S8F8-2]

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT2G22475

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
EF490993 mRNA Translation: ABP35534.1
AC006592 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM15301.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07310.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07311.1
AK118552 mRNA Translation: BAC43153.1
AY087182 mRNA Translation: AAM64738.1
RefSeqiNP_565538.1, NM_127813.3 [Q8S8F8-1]
NP_973510.1, NM_201781.1 [Q8S8F8-2]

3D structure databases

SMRiQ8S8F8
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi2133, 4 interactors
STRINGi3702.AT2G22475.1

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ8S8F8

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ8S8F8
PRIDEiQ8S8F8
ProteomicsDBi220730 [Q8S8F8-1]

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT2G22475.1; AT2G22475.1; AT2G22475 [Q8S8F8-1]
AT2G22475.2; AT2G22475.2; AT2G22475 [Q8S8F8-2]
GeneIDi816780
GrameneiAT2G22475.1; AT2G22475.1; AT2G22475 [Q8S8F8-1]
AT2G22475.2; AT2G22475.2; AT2G22475 [Q8S8F8-2]
KEGGiath:AT2G22475

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT2G22475
TAIRilocus:505006267, AT2G22475

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG502QUT3, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_063785_1_0_1
InParanoidiQ8S8F8
OMAiYTPAPEN
OrthoDBi1201777at2759
PhylomeDBiQ8S8F8

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q8S8F8

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ8S8F8, baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ8S8F8, AT

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.30.29.30, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR037848, GEM-like
IPR004182, GRAM
IPR011993, PH-like_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR31969, PTHR31969, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02893, GRAM, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00568, GRAM, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGEM_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8S8F8
Secondary accession number(s): Q3EBW7, Q8GWY9, Q8LBI8
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 13, 2007
Last sequence update: June 1, 2002
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 92 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again