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Entry version 149 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 2 (15 Jan 2008)
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Protein

Keratin, type II cytoskeletal 78

Gene

KRT78

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

There are two types of cytoskeletal and microfibrillar keratin, I (acidic) and II (neutral to basic) (40-55 and 56-70 kDa, respectively).

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei362Stutter1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Biological processi

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-6805567 Keratinization
R-HSA-6809371 Formation of the cornified envelope

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Keratin, type II cytoskeletal 78
Alternative name(s):
Cytokeratin-78
Short name:
CK-78
Keratin-5b
Keratin-78
Short name:
K78
Type-II keratin Kb40
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:KRT78
Synonyms:K5B, KB40
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 12

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:28926 KRT78

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

More...
MIMi
611159 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_Q8N1N4

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywords - Cellular componenti

Intermediate filament, Keratin

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000170423

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA147357807

Miscellaneous databases

Pharos NIH Druggable Genome Knowledgebase

More...
Pharosi
Q8N1N4

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
KRT78

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
166218809

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003148911 – 520Keratin, type II cytoskeletal 78Add BLAST520

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
Q8N1N4

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
Q8N1N4

MassIVE - Mass Spectrometry Interactive Virtual Environment

More...
MassIVEi
Q8N1N4

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q8N1N4

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q8N1N4

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q8N1N4

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
71623 [Q8N1N4-1]
71624 [Q8N1N4-2]

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q8N1N4

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q8N1N4

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
Q8N1N4

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

In non-keratinising esophageal and vaginal epithelium, strongly expressed in the basal and parabasal/lower suprabasal cell layers with considerably decreased expression in the mid/upper suprabasal layers (at protein level) (PubMed:26340985). A similar gradient from basal to lower suprabasal layers is seen in the partially keratinised dorsal tongue epithelium, in the scalp and in the plantar epidermis (at protein level) (PubMed:26340985). Extension of expression into the suprabasal compartments is distinctly more pronounced in non-keratinising epithelia than in keratinising epithelia and epidermis (at protein level) (PubMed:26340985). In scalp sections, present in the interfollicular epidermis and infundibulum including the entire outer root sheath of the hair follicles and also in the sebocytes (at protein level) (PubMed:26340985). In sweat glands, expressed in peripheral and luminal cells of the lower duct and in peripheral cells of the middle/upper duct with no expression observed in luminal cells (at protein level) (PubMed:26340985). In embryos at the 14th week of pregnancy, detected in basal and parabasal layers but is absent from the uppermost epidermal layer (at protein level) (PubMed:26340985). Expressed in tongue epithelium (PubMed:15737194).2 Publications

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000170423 Expressed in 121 organ(s), highest expression level in lower esophagus mucosa

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

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ExpressionAtlasi
Q8N1N4 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q8N1N4 HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

More...
HPAi
HPA039724

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterotetramer of two type I and two type II keratins.

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
128199, 18 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q8N1N4, 23 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000306261

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q8N1N4

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini111 – 424IF rodPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST314

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 110HeadAdd BLAST110
Regioni111 – 146Coil 1AAdd BLAST36
Regioni147 – 165Linker 1Add BLAST19
Regioni166 – 258Coil 1BAdd BLAST93
Regioni259 – 281Linker 12Add BLAST23
Regioni282 – 421Coil 2Add BLAST140
Regioni422 – 520TailAdd BLAST99

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi7 – 82Gly-richAdd BLAST76
Compositional biasi430 – 507Ser-richAdd BLAST78

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the intermediate filament family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coil

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IHY4 Eukaryota
ENOG4111DA8 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000162461

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
HOG000230976

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q8N1N4

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K07605

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
GSRGSTW

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
824246at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q8N1N4

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF317854

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.5.1160, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR018039 IF_conserved
IPR039008 IF_rod_dom
IPR042180 IF_rod_dom_coil1B
IPR032444 Keratin_2_head
IPR003054 Keratin_II

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00038 Filament, 1 hit
PF16208 Keratin_2_head, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01276 TYPE2KERATIN

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01391 Filament, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00226 IF_ROD_1, 1 hit
PS51842 IF_ROD_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

This entry has 2 described isoforms and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform 1 (identifier: Q8N1N4-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSLSPCRAQR GFSARSACSA RSRGRSRGGF SSRGGFSSRS LNSFGGCLEG
60 70 80 90 100
SRGSTWGSGG RLGVRFGEWS GGPGLSLCPP GGIQEVTINQ NLLTPLKIEI
110 120 130 140 150
DPQFQVVRTQ ETQEIRTLNN QFASFIDKVR FLEQQNKVLE TKWHLLQQQG
160 170 180 190 200
LSGSQQGLEP VFEACLDQLR KQLEQLQGER GALDAELKAC RDQEEEYKSK
210 220 230 240 250
YEEEAHRRAT LENDFVVLKK DVDGVFLSKM ELEGKLEALR EYLYFLKHLN
260 270 280 290 300
EEELGQLQTQ ASDTSVVLSM DNNRYLDFSS IITEVRARYE EIARSSKAEA
310 320 330 340 350
EALYQTKYQE LQVSAQLHGD RMQETKVQIS QLHQEIQRLQ SQTENLKKQN
360 370 380 390 400
ASLQAAITDA EQRGELALKD AQAKVDELEA ALRMAKQNLA RLLCEYQELT
410 420 430 440 450
STKLSLDVEI ATYRRLLEGE ECRMSGECTS QVTISSVGGS AVMSGGVGGG
460 470 480 490 500
LGSTCGLGSG KGSPGSCCTS IVTGGSNIIL GSGKDPVLDS CSVSGSSAGS
510 520
SCHTILKKTV ESSLKTSITY
Length:520
Mass (Da):56,866
Last modified:January 15, 2008 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i4502110AAA408E86
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q8N1N4-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-110: Missing.
     111-127: ETQEIRTLNNQFASFID → MEGHEASPAQVGQGDRG

Note: No experimental confirmation available.
Show »
Length:410
Mass (Da):45,017
Checksum:iAF958D13D971A4A8
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
H0YI54H0YI54_HUMAN
Keratin, type II cytoskeletal 78
KRT78
41Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence DAA00377 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous gene model prediction.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti250N → S in CAI46001 (PubMed:17974005).Curated1
Sequence conflicti259T → A in BAC04782 (PubMed:14702039).Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_03810925R → H. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs11170289Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_03811092L → P1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2013335Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_038111224G → A. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2682343Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_038112238A → T. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs10876360Ensembl.1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_0304191 – 110Missing in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST110
Alternative sequenceiVSP_030420111 – 127ETQEI…ASFID → MEGHEASPAQVGQGDRG in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST17

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK096419 mRNA Translation: BAC04782.1
AK290901 mRNA Translation: BAF83590.1
BX647095 mRNA Translation: CAI46001.1
AC107016 Genomic DNA No translation available.
BK000646 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA00377.1 Sequence problems.
CH471054 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW96650.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS73473.1 [Q8N1N4-2]
CCDS8840.1 [Q8N1N4-1]

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001287743.1, NM_001300814.1 [Q8N1N4-2]
NP_775487.2, NM_173352.3 [Q8N1N4-1]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000304620; ENSP00000306261; ENSG00000170423 [Q8N1N4-1]
ENST00000359499; ENSP00000352479; ENSG00000170423 [Q8N1N4-2]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
196374

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

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KEGGi
hsa:196374

UCSC genome browser

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UCSCi
uc001sbc.1 human [Q8N1N4-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK096419 mRNA Translation: BAC04782.1
AK290901 mRNA Translation: BAF83590.1
BX647095 mRNA Translation: CAI46001.1
AC107016 Genomic DNA No translation available.
BK000646 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA00377.1 Sequence problems.
CH471054 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW96650.1
CCDSiCCDS73473.1 [Q8N1N4-2]
CCDS8840.1 [Q8N1N4-1]
RefSeqiNP_001287743.1, NM_001300814.1 [Q8N1N4-2]
NP_775487.2, NM_173352.3 [Q8N1N4-1]

3D structure databases

SMRiQ8N1N4
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi128199, 18 interactors
IntActiQ8N1N4, 23 interactors
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000306261

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ8N1N4
PhosphoSitePlusiQ8N1N4
SwissPalmiQ8N1N4

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiKRT78
DMDMi166218809

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ8N1N4
jPOSTiQ8N1N4
MassIVEiQ8N1N4
PaxDbiQ8N1N4
PeptideAtlasiQ8N1N4
PRIDEiQ8N1N4
ProteomicsDBi71623 [Q8N1N4-1]
71624 [Q8N1N4-2]

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
196374

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000304620; ENSP00000306261; ENSG00000170423 [Q8N1N4-1]
ENST00000359499; ENSP00000352479; ENSG00000170423 [Q8N1N4-2]
GeneIDi196374
KEGGihsa:196374
UCSCiuc001sbc.1 human [Q8N1N4-1]

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

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CTDi
196374

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

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GeneCardsi
KRT78
HGNCiHGNC:28926 KRT78
HPAiHPA039724
MIMi611159 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q8N1N4
OpenTargetsiENSG00000170423
PharmGKBiPA147357807

GenAtlas: human gene database

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GenAtlasi
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Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IHY4 Eukaryota
ENOG4111DA8 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000162461
HOGENOMiHOG000230976
InParanoidiQ8N1N4
KOiK07605
OMAiGSRGSTW
OrthoDBi824246at2759
PhylomeDBiQ8N1N4
TreeFamiTF317854

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-6805567 Keratinization
R-HSA-6809371 Formation of the cornified envelope

Miscellaneous databases

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

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GeneWikii
KRT78

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

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GenomeRNAii
196374
PharosiQ8N1N4

Protein Ontology

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PROi
PR:Q8N1N4

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

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SOURCEi
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Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000170423 Expressed in 121 organ(s), highest expression level in lower esophagus mucosa
ExpressionAtlasiQ8N1N4 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ8N1N4 HS

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.5.1160, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR018039 IF_conserved
IPR039008 IF_rod_dom
IPR042180 IF_rod_dom_coil1B
IPR032444 Keratin_2_head
IPR003054 Keratin_II
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00038 Filament, 1 hit
PF16208 Keratin_2_head, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01276 TYPE2KERATIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01391 Filament, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00226 IF_ROD_1, 1 hit
PS51842 IF_ROD_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

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ProtoNeti
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MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
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<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiK2C78_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8N1N4
Secondary accession number(s): A8K4D6, Q5HYM7, Q7RTT2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 15, 2008
Last sequence update: January 15, 2008
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 149 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  3. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  4. Human chromosome 12
    Human chromosome 12: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  5. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
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