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Protein

Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator protein 2

Gene

CCAR2

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Core component of the DBIRD complex, a multiprotein complex that acts at the interface between core mRNP particles and RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) and integrates transcript elongation with the regulation of alternative splicing: the DBIRD complex affects local transcript elongation rates and alternative splicing of a large set of exons embedded in (A + T)-rich DNA regions. Inhibits SIRT1 deacetylase activity leading to increasing levels of p53/TP53 acetylation and p53-mediated apoptosis. Inhibits SUV39H1 methyltransferase activity. As part of a histone H3-specific methyltransferase complex may mediate ligand-dependent transcriptional activation by nuclear hormone receptors. Plays a critical role in maintaining genomic stability and cellular integrity following UV-induced genotoxic stress. Regulates the circadian expression of the core clock components NR1D1 and ARNTL/BMAL1. Enhances the transcriptional repressor activity of NR1D1 through stabilization of NR1D1 protein levels by preventing its ubiquitination and subsequent degradation (PubMed:18235501, PubMed:18235502, PubMed:19131338, PubMed:19218236, PubMed:22446626, PubMed:23352644, PubMed:23398316). Represses the ligand-dependent transcriptional activation function of ESR2 (PubMed:20074560). Acts as a regulator of PCK1 expression and gluconeogenesis by a mechanism that involves, at least in part, both NR1D1 and SIRT1 (PubMed:24415752). Negatively regulates the deacetylase activity of HDAC3 and can alter its subcellular localization (PubMed:21030595). Positively regulates the beta-catenin pathway (canonical Wnt signaling pathway) and is required for MCC-mediated repression of the beta-catenin pathway (PubMed:24824780). Represses ligand-dependent transcriptional activation function of NR1H2 and NR1H3 and inhibits the interaction of SIRT1 with NR1H3 (PubMed:25661920). Plays an important role in tumor suppression through p53/TP53 regulation; stabilizes p53/TP53 by affecting its interaction with ubiquitin ligase MDM2 (PubMed:25732823). Represses the transcriptional activator activity of BRCA1 (PubMed:20160719). Inhibits SIRT1 in a CHEK2 and PSEM3-dependent manner and inhibits the activity of CHEK2 in vitro (PubMed:25361978).15 Publications

GO - Molecular functioni

  • enzyme binding Source: UniProtKB
  • enzyme inhibitor activity Source: UniProtKB
  • RNA binding Source: UniProtKB
  • RNA polymerase II complex binding Source: UniProtKB

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionActivator, Metalloenzyme inhibitor, Repressor
Biological processApoptosis, Biological rhythms, Cell cycle, DNA damage, mRNA processing, mRNA splicing, Transcription, Transcription regulation, Wnt signaling pathway

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-3371453 Regulation of HSF1-mediated heat shock response

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator protein 2
Alternative name(s):
Cell division cycle and apoptosis regulator protein 2
DBIRD complex subunit KIAA1967
Deleted in breast cancer gene 1 protein
Short name:
DBC-1
Short name:
DBC.1
NET35
p30 DBC
Gene namesi
Name:CCAR2
Synonyms:DBC1, KIAA1967
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 8

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000158941.16
HGNCiHGNC:23360 CCAR2
MIMi607359 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q8N163

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Mutagenesisi243 – 264Missing : Abolishes binding to SIRT1. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST22
Mutagenesisi454T → A: Significantly reduces association with SIRT1. Decreases sumoylation and the interaction of the sumoylated form with SIRT1. Inhibits CCAR2-PSIA3 interaction. Increases CCAR2-SENP1 interaction. Down-regulation of the signals related with the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of gastric cancer cells. 3 Publications1
Mutagenesisi454T → D: Significantly increases association with SIRT1 and induces p53 acetylation and apoptosis. Increases sumoylation and the interaction of the sumoylated form with SIRT1. Promotes CCAR2-PSIA3 interaction. Decreases CCAR2-SENP1 interaction. 2 Publications1
Mutagenesisi591K → R: Loss of sumoylation. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi667K → R: No effect on sumoylation. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi839K → R: No effect on sumoylation. 1 Publication1

Keywords - Diseasei

Tumor suppressor

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNETi57805
OpenTargetsiENSG00000158941
PharmGKBiPA134993792

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiKIAA1967
DMDMi85701135

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00000508131 – 923Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator protein 2Add BLAST923

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei35PhosphothreonineCombined sources1
Modified residuei112N6-acetyllysine; by KAT81 Publication1
Modified residuei123N6-methyllysineCombined sources1
Modified residuei124PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei180Omega-N-methylarginineCombined sources1
Modified residuei215N6-acetyllysine; by KAT8Combined sources1 Publication1
Modified residuei454Phosphothreonine; by ATM, ATR and CK2Combined sources2 Publications1
Modified residuei484PhosphothreonineCombined sources1
Modified residuei569PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Cross-linki591Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO2 and SUMO3); alternate1 Publication
Cross-linki591Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO2); alternateCombined sources
Modified residuei627PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei675PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei678PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei681PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei687PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei808PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei897PhosphothreonineCombined sources1

Post-translational modificationi

ATM/ATR-mediated phosphorylation at Thr-454 upon DNA damage promotes binding to SIRT1. Phosphorylation at Thr-454 promotes its sumoylation by switching the binding partner of CCAR2 from SENP1 to PIAS3.2 Publications
Acetylation at Lys-112 and Lys-215 by KAT8 prevents inhibitory binding to SIRT1 and increases its deacetylase activity.1 Publication
Genotoxic stress induces its sumoylation and sumoylation promotes the SIRT1-CCAR2 interaction which in turn inhibits SIRT1-mediated deacetylation of p53/TP53. Sumoylation leads to transcriptional activation of p53/TP53 by sequestering SIRT1 from p53/TP53. Desumoylated by SENP1.1 Publication

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Isopeptide bond, Methylation, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ8N163
MaxQBiQ8N163
PaxDbiQ8N163
PeptideAtlasiQ8N163
PRIDEiQ8N163
ProteomicsDBi71566
71567 [Q8N163-2]

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ8N163
PhosphoSitePlusiQ8N163
SwissPalmiQ8N163

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Expressed in gastric carcinoma tissue and the expression gradually increases with the progression of the carcinoma (at protein level). Expressed ubiquitously in normal tissues. Expressed in 84 to 100% of neoplastic breast, lung, and colon tissues.2 Publications

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000158941 Expressed in 190 organ(s), highest expression level in right testis
CleanExiHS_DBC1
ExpressionAtlasiQ8N163 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ8N163 HS

Organism-specific databases

HPAiCAB072827
CAB072828
HPA019907
HPA019943

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Component of the DBIRD complex. Interacts with ZNF326/ZIRD; the interaction is direct. Interacts (via N-terminus) with SIRT1, which inhibits the deacetylation of substrates. Interacts (via N-terminus) with SUV39H1; this interaction abolishes the interaction with SIRT1. Part of a complex composed at least of ASCL2, EMSY, HCFC1, HSPA8, CCAR2, MATR3, MKI67, RBBP5, TUBB2A, WDR5 and ZNF335; this complex may have a histone H3-specific methyltransferase activity. Interacts with NR1D1. Interacts (via N-terminus) with ESR1 and ESR2. Interacts (via N-terminus) with HDAC3 (via C-terminus). Interacts with HDAC1 and MED2F. Interacts with MCC. Interacts (via N-terminus) with NR1H2 and NR1H3 in a ligand-independent manner. Interacts with CSNK2A1. Interacts (via N-terminus) with p53/TP53. Interacts (via N-terminus) with BRCA1 (via the BRCT domains). Interacts (via N-terminus) with CHEK2 (via protein kinase domain). Interacts with PSEM3. Interacts (via N-terminus) with PSIA3 and SENP1. The sumoylated form shows a preferential interaction with SIRT1 as compared to its unmodified form.18 Publications

Binary interactionsi

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi121775, 110 interactors
CORUMiQ8N163
DIPiDIP-38122N
IntActiQ8N163, 66 interactors
MINTiQ8N163
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000310670

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ8N163
SMRiQ8N163
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni610 – 670Interaction with MCC1 PublicationAdd BLAST61
Regioni704 – 923Interaction with NR1D11 PublicationAdd BLAST220

Coiled coil

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Coiled coili829 – 909Sequence analysisAdd BLAST81

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coil

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4246 Eukaryota
ENOG4111FW4 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063672
HOVERGENiHBG081843
InParanoidiQ8N163
OMAiASNQSEM
OrthoDBiEOG091G03QV
PhylomeDBiQ8N163
TreeFamiTF316387

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR025224 CCAR1/CCAR2
IPR028811 CCAR2
IPR025954 DBC1/CARP1_inactive_NUDIX_dom
IPR011992 EF-hand-dom_pair
IPR025223 S1-like_RNA-bd_dom
PANTHERiPTHR14304 PTHR14304, 1 hit
PTHR14304:SF12 PTHR14304:SF12, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF14443 DBC1, 1 hit
PF14444 S1-like, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01122 DBC1, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47473 SSF47473, 1 hit

Sequences (2+)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

This entry has 2 described isoforms and 9 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform 1 (identifier: Q8N163-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSQFKRQRIN PLPGGRNFSG TASTSLLGPP PGLLTPPVAT ELSQNARHLQ
60 70 80 90 100
GGEKQRVFTG IVTSLHDYFG VVDEEVFFQL SVVKGRLPQL GEKVLVKAAY
110 120 130 140 150
NPGQAVPWNA VKVQTLSNQP LLKSPAPPLL HVAALGQKQG ILGAQPQLIF
160 170 180 190 200
QPHRIPPLFP QKPLSLFQTS HTLHLSHLNR FPARGPHGRL DQGRSDDYDS
210 220 230 240 250
KKRKQRAGGE PWGAKKPRHD LPPYRVHLTP YTVDSPICDF LELQRRYRSL
260 270 280 290 300
LVPSDFLSVH LSWLSAFPLS QPFSLHHPSR IQVSSEKEAA PDAGAEPITA
310 320 330 340 350
DSDPAYSSKV LLLSSPGLEE LYRCCMLFVD DMAEPRETPE HPLKQIKFLL
360 370 380 390 400
GRKEEEAVLV GGEWSPSLDG LDPQADPQVL VRTAIRCAQA QTGIDLSGCT
410 420 430 440 450
KWWRFAEFQY LQPGPPRRLQ TVVVYLPDVW TIMPTLEEWE ALCQQKAAEA
460 470 480 490 500
APPTQEAQGE TEPTEQAPDA LEQAADTSRR NAETPEATTQ QETDTDLPEA
510 520 530 540 550
PPPPLEPAVI ARPGCVNLSL HGIVEDRRPK ERISFEVMVL AELFLEMLQR
560 570 580 590 600
DFGYRVYKML LSLPEKVVSP PEPEKEEAAK EEATKEEEAI KEEVVKEPKD
610 620 630 640 650
EAQNEGPATE SEAPLKEDGL LPKPLSSGGE EEEKPRGEAS EDLCEMALDP
660 670 680 690 700
ELLLLRDDGE EEFAGAKLED SEVRSVASNQ SEMEFSSLQD MPKELDPSAV
710 720 730 740 750
LPLDCLLAFV FFDANWCGYL HRRDLERILL TLGIRLSAEQ AKQLVSRVVT
760 770 780 790 800
QNICQYRSLQ YSRQEGLDGG LPEEVLFGNL DLLPPPGKST KPGAAPTEHK
810 820 830 840 850
ALVSHNGSLI NVGSLLQRAE QQDSGRLYLE NKIHTLELKL EESHNRFSAT
860 870 880 890 900
EVTNKTLAAE MQELRVRLAE AEETARTAER QKSQLQRLLQ ELRRRLTPLQ
910 920
LEIQRVVEKA DSWVEKEEPA PSN
Length:923
Mass (Da):102,902
Last modified:January 24, 2006 - v2
Checksum:i1733934377E35D21
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q8N163-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     910-923: ADSWVEKEEPAPSN → VRWGWTRRQHSSFP

Note: No experimental confirmation available.
Show »
Length:923
Mass (Da):103,143
Checksum:i3C1BB0DE06A20926
GO

Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 9 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
G3V119G3V119_HUMAN
Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator ...
CCAR2 KIAA1967, hCG_2043023
598Annotation score:
H0YB24H0YB24_HUMAN
Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator ...
CCAR2
615Annotation score:
A0A087X2B6A0A087X2B6_HUMAN
Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator ...
CCAR2
272Annotation score:
E5RHJ4E5RHJ4_HUMAN
Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator ...
CCAR2
277Annotation score:
E5RGU7E5RGU7_HUMAN
Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator ...
CCAR2
150Annotation score:
H0YC58H0YC58_HUMAN
Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator ...
CCAR2
183Annotation score:
E5RHH8E5RHH8_HUMAN
Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator ...
CCAR2
81Annotation score:
H0YC69H0YC69_HUMAN
Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator ...
CCAR2
148Annotation score:
E5RFJ3E5RFJ3_HUMAN
Cell cycle and apoptosis regulator ...
CCAR2
162Annotation score:

Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAG02472 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift at positions 610, 622, 794 and 810.Curated
The sequence BAB85553 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally shortened.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sequence conflicti47R → S in CAD38866 (PubMed:17974005).Curated1
Sequence conflicti47R → S in CAD39017 (PubMed:17974005).Curated1
Sequence conflicti850T → S in AAH65495 (PubMed:15489334).Curated1
Sequence conflicti908E → G in CAD38866 (PubMed:17974005).Curated1
Sequence conflicti908E → G in CAD39017 (PubMed:17974005).Curated1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Alternative sequenceiVSP_017092910 – 923ADSWV…PAPSN → VRWGWTRRQHSSFP in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST14

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK096547 mRNA No translation available.
AK314535 mRNA Translation: BAG37126.1
AL834162 mRNA Translation: CAD38866.1
AL834351 mRNA Translation: CAD39016.1
AL834352 mRNA Translation: CAD39017.1
BX640952 mRNA Translation: CAE45976.1
AL137523 mRNA Translation: CAB70788.3
AC037459 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CH471080 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW63658.1
CH471080 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW63661.1
BC018269 mRNA Translation: AAH18269.2
BC065495 mRNA Translation: AAH65495.1
AB075847 mRNA Translation: BAB85553.1 Different initiation.
AF293335 mRNA Translation: AAG02472.1 Frameshift.
CCDSiCCDS34863.1 [Q8N163-1]
PIRiT46368
RefSeqiNP_066997.3, NM_021174.5 [Q8N163-1]
UniGeneiHs.744848

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000308511; ENSP00000310670; ENSG00000158941 [Q8N163-1]
ENST00000389279; ENSP00000373930; ENSG00000158941 [Q8N163-1]
GeneIDi57805
KEGGihsa:57805
UCSCiuc003xch.4 human [Q8N163-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

Similar proteinsi

Cross-referencesi

Web resourcesi

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK096547 mRNA No translation available.
AK314535 mRNA Translation: BAG37126.1
AL834162 mRNA Translation: CAD38866.1
AL834351 mRNA Translation: CAD39016.1
AL834352 mRNA Translation: CAD39017.1
BX640952 mRNA Translation: CAE45976.1
AL137523 mRNA Translation: CAB70788.3
AC037459 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CH471080 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW63658.1
CH471080 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW63661.1
BC018269 mRNA Translation: AAH18269.2
BC065495 mRNA Translation: AAH65495.1
AB075847 mRNA Translation: BAB85553.1 Different initiation.
AF293335 mRNA Translation: AAG02472.1 Frameshift.
CCDSiCCDS34863.1 [Q8N163-1]
PIRiT46368
RefSeqiNP_066997.3, NM_021174.5 [Q8N163-1]
UniGeneiHs.744848

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ8N163
SMRiQ8N163
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi121775, 110 interactors
CORUMiQ8N163
DIPiDIP-38122N
IntActiQ8N163, 66 interactors
MINTiQ8N163
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000310670

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ8N163
PhosphoSitePlusiQ8N163
SwissPalmiQ8N163

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiKIAA1967
DMDMi85701135

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ8N163
MaxQBiQ8N163
PaxDbiQ8N163
PeptideAtlasiQ8N163
PRIDEiQ8N163
ProteomicsDBi71566
71567 [Q8N163-2]

Protocols and materials databases

DNASUi57805
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000308511; ENSP00000310670; ENSG00000158941 [Q8N163-1]
ENST00000389279; ENSP00000373930; ENSG00000158941 [Q8N163-1]
GeneIDi57805
KEGGihsa:57805
UCSCiuc003xch.4 human [Q8N163-1]

Organism-specific databases

CTDi57805
DisGeNETi57805
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000158941.16
GeneCardsiCCAR2
HGNCiHGNC:23360 CCAR2
HPAiCAB072827
CAB072828
HPA019907
HPA019943
MIMi607359 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q8N163
OpenTargetsiENSG00000158941
PharmGKBiPA134993792
HUGEiSearch...
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4246 Eukaryota
ENOG4111FW4 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063672
HOVERGENiHBG081843
InParanoidiQ8N163
OMAiASNQSEM
OrthoDBiEOG091G03QV
PhylomeDBiQ8N163
TreeFamiTF316387

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-3371453 Regulation of HSF1-mediated heat shock response

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRSiCCAR2 human
GeneWikiiKIAA1967
GenomeRNAii57805
PROiPR:Q8N163
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000158941 Expressed in 190 organ(s), highest expression level in right testis
CleanExiHS_DBC1
ExpressionAtlasiQ8N163 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ8N163 HS

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR025224 CCAR1/CCAR2
IPR028811 CCAR2
IPR025954 DBC1/CARP1_inactive_NUDIX_dom
IPR011992 EF-hand-dom_pair
IPR025223 S1-like_RNA-bd_dom
PANTHERiPTHR14304 PTHR14304, 1 hit
PTHR14304:SF12 PTHR14304:SF12, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF14443 DBC1, 1 hit
PF14444 S1-like, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01122 DBC1, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47473 SSF47473, 1 hit
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCCAR2_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8N163
Secondary accession number(s): A6NL03
, B2RB79, D3DSR6, Q6P0Q9, Q8N3G7, Q8N8M1, Q8TF34, Q9H9Q9, Q9HD12, Q9NT55
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 24, 2006
Last sequence update: January 24, 2006
Last modified: October 10, 2018
This is version 160 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  2. Human chromosome 8
    Human chromosome 8: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
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Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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