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Entry version 81 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 2 (20 Dec 2005)
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Protein

NADP-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase

Gene

GAPN

Organism
Triticum aestivum (Wheat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Important as a means of generating NADPH for biosynthetic reactions.

Caution

Sequences of mRNA encoded by the same gene but extracted from leaves (AF521191) or from endosperm (AF521190) differ at several prositions due to sequencing uncertainties.Curated

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Insensitive to magnesium or calcium when dephosphorylated. When phosphorylated, 3-fold activation by magnesium or calcium, 2-fold activation by potassium, inhibited by ADP and AMP and insensitive to ATP or PPi.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

When the protein is phosphorylated, the affinity for substrates is similar but the Vmax is lowered.
  1. KM=40 µM for NADP1 Publication
  2. KM=118 µM for D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate1 Publication

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei116SubstrateBy similarity1
    <p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections ('Function', 'PTM / Processing', 'Pathology and Biotech') according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei169Transition state stabilizerBy similarity1
    Binding sitei192NADPBy similarity1
    Binding sitei195NADPBy similarity1
    Binding sitei230NADPBy similarity1
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei264Proton acceptorPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
    Active sitei298NucleophilePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
    Binding sitei391NADPBy similarity1
    Binding sitei451SubstrateBy similarity1

    Regions

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi245 – 249NADBy similarity5

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionOxidoreductase
    LigandNADP

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

    More...
    BRENDAi
    1.2.1.9, 6500

    SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

    More...
    SABIO-RKi
    Q8LK61

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    NADP-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC:1.2.1.9)
    Alternative name(s):
    Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase [NADP(+)]
    Non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
    Triosephosphate dehydrogenase
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:GAPN
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiTriticum aestivum (Wheat)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4565 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaeBOP cladePooideaeTriticodaeTriticeaeTriticinaeTriticum
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
    • UP000019116 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

    <p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Cytoplasm

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002917651 – 496NADP-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST496

    Amino acid modifications

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei404PhosphoserineSequence analysis1

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

    Phosphorylated in shoots and non-photosynthetic tissues, but not in leaves.1 Publication

    Keywords - PTMi

    Phosphoprotein

    Proteomic databases

    PRoteomics IDEntifications database

    More...
    PRIDEi
    Q8LK61

    <p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

    Gene expression databases

    ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

    More...
    ExpressionAtlasi
    Q8LK61, baseline and differential

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

    Interacts with 14-3-3 protein when phosphorylated. This interaction is released by divalent cations.

    1 Publication

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRING: functional protein association networks

    More...
    STRINGi
    4565.Traes_2DS_22500FA4F.1

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    3D structure databases

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    Q8LK61

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    Region

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni169 – 170Substrate bindingBy similarity2
    Regioni297 – 299Substrate bindingBy similarity3

    <p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family.Curated

    Phylogenomic databases

    evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

    More...
    eggNOGi
    KOG2450, Eukaryota

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

    More...
    Gene3Di
    3.40.309.10, 1 hit
    3.40.605.10, 1 hit

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR016161, Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
    IPR016163, Ald_DH_C
    IPR016160, Ald_DH_CS_CYS
    IPR029510, Ald_DH_CS_GLU
    IPR016162, Ald_DH_N
    IPR015590, Aldehyde_DH_dom

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF00171, Aldedh, 1 hit

    Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

    More...
    SUPFAMi
    SSF53720, SSF53720, 1 hit

    PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

    More...
    PROSITEi
    View protein in PROSITE
    PS00070, ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_CYS, 1 hit
    PS00687, ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_GLU, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Q8LK61-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MAGTGVFADV LDGEVYKYYA DGEWRASASG KTVAIVNPTT RQTQYRVQAC
    60 70 80 90 100
    TQEEVNKVMD AAKVAQKSWA RTPLWKRAEL LHKAAAILKE HKTPIAESLV
    110 120 130 140 150
    KEIAKPAKDA VSEVVRSGDL VSYTAEEGVR ILGEGKLLVS DSFPGNERNK
    160 170 180 190 200
    YCLSSKVPLG VVLAIPPFNY PVNLAVSKIG PALIAGNSLV LKPPTQGAVA
    210 220 230 240 250
    ALHMVHCFHL AGFPKGLISC VTGKGSEIGD FLTMHPGVNC ISFTGGDTGI
    260 270 280 290 300
    AISKKAGMVP LQMELGGKDA CIVLEDADLD LVAANIVKGG FSYSGQRCTA
    310 320 330 340 350
    VKVVLIMEAV ADTVVEKVNA KLAKLKVGPP EDDSDITPVV TESSANFIEG
    360 370 380 390 400
    LVMDAKEKGA TFCQEYRREG NLIWPLLLDH VRPDMRIAWE EPFGPVLPVI
    410 420 430 440 450
    RINSVEEGIH HCNASNFGLQ GCVFTRDINK AIMISDAMES GTVQINSAPA
    460 470 480 490
    RGPDHFPFQG LKDSGIGSQG ITNSINMMTK VKSTVINLPS PSYTMG
    Length:496
    Mass (Da):53,047
    Last modified:December 20, 2005 - v2
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iF37AB38E8561A287
    GO

    <p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

    The sequence AAM77678 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift.Curated

    Experimental Info

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti98S → C in AAM77678 (PubMed:12387887).Curated1
    Sequence conflicti157V → I in AAM77678 (PubMed:12387887).Curated1
    Sequence conflicti172V → A in AAM77678 (PubMed:12387887).Curated1
    Sequence conflicti176V → G in AAM77678 (PubMed:12387887).Curated1
    Sequence conflicti188S → A in AAM77678 (PubMed:12387887).Curated1
    Sequence conflicti316E → Z in AAM77678 (PubMed:12387887).Curated1

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AF521190 mRNA Translation: AAM77678.1 Frameshift.
    AF521191 mRNA Translation: AAM77679.2

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    AF521190 mRNA Translation: AAM77678.1 Frameshift.
    AF521191 mRNA Translation: AAM77679.2

    3D structure databases

    SMRiQ8LK61
    ModBaseiSearch...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRINGi4565.Traes_2DS_22500FA4F.1

    Proteomic databases

    PRIDEiQ8LK61

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiKOG2450, Eukaryota

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BRENDAi1.2.1.9, 6500
    SABIO-RKiQ8LK61

    Gene expression databases

    ExpressionAtlasiQ8LK61, baseline and differential

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di3.40.309.10, 1 hit
    3.40.605.10, 1 hit
    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR016161, Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
    IPR016163, Ald_DH_C
    IPR016160, Ald_DH_CS_CYS
    IPR029510, Ald_DH_CS_GLU
    IPR016162, Ald_DH_N
    IPR015590, Aldehyde_DH_dom
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF00171, Aldedh, 1 hit
    SUPFAMiSSF53720, SSF53720, 1 hit
    PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
    PS00070, ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_CYS, 1 hit
    PS00687, ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_GLU, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGAPN_WHEAT
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8LK61
    Secondary accession number(s): Q8L5J9
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 26, 2007
    Last sequence update: December 20, 2005
    Last modified: August 12, 2020
    This is version 81 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
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