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Entry version 119 (13 Nov 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 2002)
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Protein

Dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase

Gene

lpd

Organism
Chlorobaculum tepidum (strain ATCC 49652 / DSM 12025 / NBRC 103806 / TLS) (Chlorobium tepidum)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Lipoamide dehydrogenase is a component of the alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes.By similarity

Miscellaneous

The active site is a redox-active disulfide bond.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

FADBy similarityNote: Binds 1 FAD per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei57FADBy similarity1
Binding sitei120FAD; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei209NADBy similarity1
Binding sitei317FADBy similarity1
Binding sitei325FAD; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei450Proton acceptorBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi40 – 48FADBy similarity9
Nucleotide bindingi186 – 190NADBy similarity5
Nucleotide bindingi275 – 278NADBy similarity4

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processGlycolysis
LigandFAD, Flavoprotein, NAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
CTEP194439:G1FZE-1334-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (EC:1.8.1.4)
Alternative name(s):
Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase
E3 component of pyruvate and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenases complexes
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:lpd
Synonyms:lpd-1
Ordered Locus Names:CT1298
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiChlorobaculum tepidum (strain ATCC 49652 / DSM 12025 / NBRC 103806 / TLS) (Chlorobium tepidum)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri194439 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaChlorobiChlorobiaChlorobialesChlorobiaceaeChlorobaculum
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001007 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000680221 – 469Dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST469

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi48 ↔ 53Redox-activeBy similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q8KCW2

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
194439.CT1298

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q8KCW2

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Redox-active center

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4107QN2 Bacteria
COG1249 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000276708

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00382

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
TMSEAVM

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
267896at2

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.390.30, 1 hit
3.50.50.60, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036188 FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR023753 FAD/NAD-binding_dom
IPR016156 FAD/NAD-linked_Rdtase_dimer_sf
IPR006258 Lipoamide_DH
IPR001100 Pyr_nuc-diS_OxRdtase
IPR004099 Pyr_nucl-diS_OxRdtase_dimer
IPR012999 Pyr_OxRdtase_I_AS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF07992 Pyr_redox_2, 1 hit
PF02852 Pyr_redox_dim, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000350 Mercury_reductase_MerA, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51905 SSF51905, 1 hit
SSF55424 SSF55424, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01350 lipoamide_DH, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00076 PYRIDINE_REDOX_1, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q8KCW2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQQADTLAAQ FDVAVIGSGP GGYEAAIHAA RYGLKTCIVE KAVLGGVCVN
60 70 80 90 100
WGCIPTKALL RSAEVFDLAK NPETFGVNVG NVSFDLAQAV KRSRNVALKS
110 120 130 140 150
SKGVAYLLKK AAVEVLAGEA VLTGGAGVMV TMPDGSVRML GAKNIIVATG
160 170 180 190 200
STPRVIPGLE PDGKKIITSR EALILKEVPK SMIVVGGGAI GVEMAWFYAK
210 220 230 240 250
AGSKVTIVEL MPRMLPAEEA EVSEALKRSF EKAGITVHCG AKLDNVAVSE
260 270 280 290 300
SGVSAELVVE GSAPQTLNAS CLLVAVGVTG AIDGLGLDAV GVETERGFIR
310 320 330 340 350
TDGQCRTSAP GIYAIGDVRG GMLLAHKASA EAAIAVEAIA GKSPEPLSEP
360 370 380 390 400
LIPRCVYAQP SVASVGLTEE AAVNAGYQVA VGRSQFAASG KANAYGQLEG
410 420 430 440 450
FVKLVFDAAT GKMLGGHLIG HDAVELIGEL GLACRYGVTA GGLVNTVHAH
460
PTLSETVREA AFDALQSMG
Length:469
Mass (Da):48,007
Last modified:October 1, 2002 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iCEEB79308FD4DC4E
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE006470 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM72528.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_662186.1, NC_002932.3
WP_010932967.1, NC_002932.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAM72528; AAM72528; CT1298

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
1006658

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
cte:CT1298

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE006470 Genomic DNA Translation: AAM72528.1
RefSeqiNP_662186.1, NC_002932.3
WP_010932967.1, NC_002932.3

3D structure databases

SMRiQ8KCW2
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi194439.CT1298

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ8KCW2

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAM72528; AAM72528; CT1298
GeneIDi1006658
KEGGicte:CT1298

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4107QN2 Bacteria
COG1249 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000276708
KOiK00382
OMAiTMSEAVM
OrthoDBi267896at2

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciCTEP194439:G1FZE-1334-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.390.30, 1 hit
3.50.50.60, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036188 FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR023753 FAD/NAD-binding_dom
IPR016156 FAD/NAD-linked_Rdtase_dimer_sf
IPR006258 Lipoamide_DH
IPR001100 Pyr_nuc-diS_OxRdtase
IPR004099 Pyr_nucl-diS_OxRdtase_dimer
IPR012999 Pyr_OxRdtase_I_AS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF07992 Pyr_redox_2, 1 hit
PF02852 Pyr_redox_dim, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000350 Mercury_reductase_MerA, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51905 SSF51905, 1 hit
SSF55424 SSF55424, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01350 lipoamide_DH, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00076 PYRIDINE_REDOX_1, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiDLDH_CHLTE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8KCW2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 25, 2002
Last sequence update: October 1, 2002
Last modified: November 13, 2019
This is version 119 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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