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Entry version 93 (07 Oct 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Mar 2003)
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Protein

2-methylcitrate dehydratase (2-methyl-trans-aconitate forming)

Gene

acnD

Organism
Shewanella oneidensis (strain MR-1)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the catabolism of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) via the 2-methylcitrate cycle II (propionate degradation route). In vivo under anaerobic conditions, AcnD catalyzes the stereospecific dehydration of (2S,3S)-methylcitrate (2-MC) to yield the trans isomer of 2-methyl-aconitate (2-MCA). AcnD can also accept citrate and cis-aconitate, but with a lower efficiency. 2-methylisocitrate and isocitrate are not substrates.1 Publication

Miscellaneous

Together with PrpF, able to restore the growth of prpD mutant on propionate.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

[4Fe-4S] cluster1 PublicationNote: Binds 1 [4Fe-4S] cluster per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Inhibited by ferricyanide and EDTA.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: propanoate degradation

This protein is involved in the pathway propanoate degradation, which is part of Organic acid metabolism.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway propanoate degradation and in Organic acid metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi410Iron-sulfur (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi476Iron-sulfur (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi479Iron-sulfur (4Fe-4S)By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
Ligand4Fe-4S, Iron, Iron-sulfur, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
SONE211586:G1GMP-328-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00946

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
2-methylcitrate dehydratase (2-methyl-trans-aconitate forming)1 Publication (EC:4.2.1.1171 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
Aconitate hydratase1 Publication (EC:4.2.1.31 Publication)
Short name:
ACN1 Publication
Short name:
Aconitase1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:acnD
Ordered Locus Names:SO_0343
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiShewanella oneidensis (strain MR-1)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri211586 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaAlteromonadalesShewanellaceaeShewanella
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008186 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004329421 – 8672-methylcitrate dehydratase (2-methyl-trans-aconitate forming)Add BLAST867

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q8EJW3

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
211586.SO_0343

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q8EJW3

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the aconitase/IPM isomerase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG1048, Bacteria

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_013476_2_1_6

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K20455

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
GRASYMR

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
363064at2

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q8EJW3

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.19.10, 1 hit
3.30.499.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR012708, 2Me_IsoCit_deHydtase_FeS-dep
IPR015931, Acnase/IPM_dHydase_lsu_aba_1/3
IPR001030, Acoase/IPM_deHydtase_lsu_aba
IPR015928, Aconitase/3IPM_dehydase_swvl
IPR006249, Aconitase/IRP2
IPR036008, Aconitase_4Fe-4S_dom
IPR000573, AconitaseA/IPMdHydase_ssu_swvl

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11670, PTHR11670, 1 hit
PTHR11670:SF43, PTHR11670:SF43, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00330, Aconitase, 1 hit
PF00694, Aconitase_C, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00415, ACONITASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53732, SSF53732, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR02333, 2met_isocit_dHY, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q8EJW3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSTVMNTQYR KPLPGTALDY FDTREAIEAI APGAYAKLPY TSRVLAENLV
60 70 80 90 100
RRCEPEMLTA SLKQIIESKQ ELDFPWFPAR VVCHDILGQT ALVDLAGLRD
110 120 130 140 150
AIAAKGGDPA QVNPVVPTQL IVDHSLAVEY GGFDKDAFAK NRAIEDRRNE
160 170 180 190 200
DRFHFINWTQ KAFKNIDVIP QGNGIMHQIN LERMSPVIHA RNGVAFPDTL
210 220 230 240 250
VGTDSHTPHV DALGVIAIGV GGLEAESVML GRASYMRLPD IIGVELTGKP
260 270 280 290 300
QPGITATDIV LALTEFLRAQ KVVSSYLEFF GEGAEALTLG DRATISNMTP
310 320 330 340 350
EFGATAAMFY IDQQTLDYLT LTGREAEQVK LVETYAKTAG LWSDDLKQAV
360 370 380 390 400
YPRTLHFDLS SVVRTIAGPS NPHARVPTSE LAARGISGEV ENEPGLMPDG
410 420 430 440 450
AVIIAAITSC TNTSNPRNVI AAGLLARNAN AKGLTRKPWV KTSLAPGSKA
460 470 480 490 500
VQLYLEEANL LPELESLGFG IVGFACTTCN GMSGALDPVI QQEVIDRDLY
510 520 530 540 550
ATAVLSGNRN FDGRIHPYAK QAFLASPPLV VAYAIAGTIR FDIEKDVLGL
560 570 580 590 600
DKDGKPVRLI NIWPSDAEID AVIAASVKPE QFRKVYEPMF DLSVDYGDKV
610 620 630 640 650
SPLYDWRPQS TYIRRPPYWE GALAGERTLK GMRPLAVLGD NITTDHLSPS
660 670 680 690 700
NAIMMDSAAG EYLHKMGLPE EDFNSYATHR GDHLTAQRAT FANPKLKNEM
710 720 730 740 750
AIVDGKVKQG SLARIEPEGI VTRMWEAIET YMDRKQPLII IAGADYGQGS
760 770 780 790 800
SRDWAAKGVR LAGVEAIVAE GFERIHRTNL VGMGVLPLEF KAGENRATYG
810 820 830 840 850
IDGTEVFDVI GSIAPRADLT VIITRKNGER VEVPVTCRLD TAEEVSIYEA
860
GGVLQRFAQD FLESNLK
Length:867
Mass (Da):94,596
Last modified:March 1, 2003 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iDA7DBA64A0864A1F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE014299 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN53428.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_715983.1, NC_004347.2
WP_011070708.1, NC_004347.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAN53428; AAN53428; SO_0343

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
son:SO_0343

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|211586.12.peg.333

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE014299 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN53428.1
RefSeqiNP_715983.1, NC_004347.2
WP_011070708.1, NC_004347.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ8EJW3
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi211586.SO_0343

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ8EJW3

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAN53428; AAN53428; SO_0343
KEGGison:SO_0343
PATRICifig|211586.12.peg.333

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG1048, Bacteria
HOGENOMiCLU_013476_2_1_6
KOiK20455
OMAiGRASYMR
OrthoDBi363064at2
PhylomeDBiQ8EJW3

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00946
BioCyciSONE211586:G1GMP-328-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.20.19.10, 1 hit
3.30.499.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR012708, 2Me_IsoCit_deHydtase_FeS-dep
IPR015931, Acnase/IPM_dHydase_lsu_aba_1/3
IPR001030, Acoase/IPM_deHydtase_lsu_aba
IPR015928, Aconitase/3IPM_dehydase_swvl
IPR006249, Aconitase/IRP2
IPR036008, Aconitase_4Fe-4S_dom
IPR000573, AconitaseA/IPMdHydase_ssu_swvl
PANTHERiPTHR11670, PTHR11670, 1 hit
PTHR11670:SF43, PTHR11670:SF43, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00330, Aconitase, 1 hit
PF00694, Aconitase_C, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00415, ACONITASE
SUPFAMiSSF53732, SSF53732, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02333, 2met_isocit_dHY, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiACND_SHEON
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8EJW3
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 29, 2015
Last sequence update: March 1, 2003
Last modified: October 7, 2020
This is version 93 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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