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Entry version 115 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Mar 2003)
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Protein

Isoleucine--tRNA ligase

Gene

ileS

Organism
Staphylococcus epidermidis (strain ATCC 12228)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the attachment of isoleucine to tRNA(Ile). As IleRS can inadvertently accommodate and process structurally similar amino acids such as valine, to avoid such errors it has two additional distinct tRNA(Ile)-dependent editing activities. One activity is designated as 'pretransfer' editing and involves the hydrolysis of activated Val-AMP. The other activity is designated 'posttransfer' editing and involves deacylation of mischarged Val-tRNA(Ile).UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+UniRule annotationNote: Binds 1 zinc ion per subunit.UniRule annotation

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei554Aminoacyl-adenylateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei598ATPUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi885ZincUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi888ZincUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi905ZincUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi908ZincUniRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, Ligase
Biological processProtein biosynthesis
LigandATP-binding, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
SEPI176280:G1G05-874-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Isoleucine--tRNA ligaseUniRule annotation (EC:6.1.1.5UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetaseUniRule annotation
Short name:
IleRSUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ileSUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:SE_0868
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiStaphylococcus epidermidis (strain ATCC 12228)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri176280 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesStaphylococcaceaeStaphylococcus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001411 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000984711 – 916Isoleucine--tRNA ligaseAdd BLAST916

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q8CSX1

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer.

UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
176280.SE_0868

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q8CSX1

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi57 – 67'HIGH' regionAdd BLAST11
Motifi595 – 599'KMSKS' region5

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

IleRS has two distinct active sites: one for aminoacylation and one for editing. The misactivated valine is translocated from the active site to the editing site, which sterically excludes the correctly activated isoleucine. The single editing site contains two valyl binding pockets, one specific for each substrate (Val-AMP or Val-tRNA(Ile)).UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the class-I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family. IleS type 1 subfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105C07 Bacteria
COG0060 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01870

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
HLGTAWN

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd07960 Anticodon_Ia_Ile_BEm, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.620, 1 hit
3.90.740.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_02002 Ile_tRNA_synth_type1, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001412 aa-tRNA-synth_I_CS
IPR002300 aa-tRNA-synth_Ia
IPR033708 Anticodon_Ile_BEm
IPR002301 Ile-tRNA-ligase
IPR023585 Ile-tRNA-ligase_type1
IPR013155 M/V/L/I-tRNA-synth_anticd-bd
IPR014729 Rossmann-like_a/b/a_fold
IPR009080 tRNAsynth_Ia_anticodon-bd
IPR009008 Val/Leu/Ile-tRNA-synth_edit
IPR010663 Znf_FPG/IleRS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08264 Anticodon_1, 1 hit
PF00133 tRNA-synt_1, 1 hit
PF06827 zf-FPG_IleRS, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00984 TRNASYNTHILE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47323 SSF47323, 1 hit
SSF50677 SSF50677, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00392 ileS, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00178 AA_TRNA_LIGASE_I, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q8CSX1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MNYKDTLLMP KTDFPMRGGL PNKEPQIQEM WDNDEQYRKA LEKNKNNPSF
60 70 80 90 100
ILHDGPPYAN GNLHMGHALN KIIKDFIVRY KTMQGFYAPY VPGWDTHGLP
110 120 130 140 150
IEQALTKKGV DRKKMSVAEF REKCKEFALK QIDIQKKDFK RLGVRGDFNN
160 170 180 190 200
PYITLTPEYE AAQIRLFGEM ADKGLIYKGK KPVYWSPSSE SSLAEAEIEY
210 220 230 240 250
HDKRSASIYV AFDVKDSKGK VDSDAQFIIW TTTPWTIPSN VAITVHPELN
260 270 280 290 300
YGQYNVNGHK YIVAQALSEA VAEALGWDKD SIQLEKEFTG KELEFVEAQH
310 320 330 340 350
PFLDRVSLVI NGEHVTTDAG TGCVHTAPGH GEDDYIVGQK YDLPVISPLN
360 370 380 390 400
DKGVFTEEGG PFEGMFYDKA NKAVTDLLKE KDALLKLDFI THSYPHDWRT
410 420 430 440 450
KKPVIFRATP QWFASINKVR QDILDAIEDT NFKVDWGKTR IYNMIRDRGE
460 470 480 490 500
WVISRQRVWG VPLPVFYAEN GDIIMTKETV NHVADLFEKY GSNIWFEKEA
510 520 530 540 550
KELLPEGFSH PGSPNGEFTK ETDIMDVWFD SGSSHRGVLE TRPELSFPAD
560 570 580 590 600
LYFEGSDQYR GWFNSSITTA VATRGQAPYK FLLSHGFVMD GEGKKMSKSL
610 620 630 640 650
GNVIVPDQVV KQKGADIARL WVSSTDYLSD VRISDEILKQ TSDVYRKIRN
660 670 680 690 700
TLRFMLGNIN DFNPETDSIA ETNLLEVDRY LLNRLREFTA STINNYENFD
710 720 730 740 750
YLNIYQEVQN FINVELSNFY LDYGKDILYI EKKDSHKRRS MQTVLYQILI
760 770 780 790 800
DMTKLLAPIL VHTAEEVWSH TPHVKEESVH LSDMPKVVDV DEELLEKWNT
810 820 830 840 850
FMNLRDDVNR ALEQARNEKV IGKSLEAKVV IGNNETFNTA EFLQQFNDLQ
860 870 880 890 900
QLFIVSQVEV KDKVNDGVSY QYGDIHIKHA EGEKCERCWN YTEELGSVGE
910
LEHLCPRCQE VVKTLV
Length:916
Mass (Da):105,186
Last modified:March 1, 2003 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC5155509A91FCEEE
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE015929 Genomic DNA Translation: AAO04465.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_764423.1, NC_004461.1
WP_001830138.1, NC_004461.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAO04465; AAO04465; SE_0868

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
1056226

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sep:SE0868

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|176280.10.peg.841

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE015929 Genomic DNA Translation: AAO04465.1
RefSeqiNP_764423.1, NC_004461.1
WP_001830138.1, NC_004461.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ8CSX1
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi176280.SE_0868

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ8CSX1

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAO04465; AAO04465; SE_0868
GeneIDi1056226
KEGGisep:SE0868
PATRICifig|176280.10.peg.841

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105C07 Bacteria
COG0060 LUCA
KOiK01870
OMAiHLGTAWN

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciSEPI176280:G1G05-874-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

CDDicd07960 Anticodon_Ia_Ile_BEm, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.50.620, 1 hit
3.90.740.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_02002 Ile_tRNA_synth_type1, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001412 aa-tRNA-synth_I_CS
IPR002300 aa-tRNA-synth_Ia
IPR033708 Anticodon_Ile_BEm
IPR002301 Ile-tRNA-ligase
IPR023585 Ile-tRNA-ligase_type1
IPR013155 M/V/L/I-tRNA-synth_anticd-bd
IPR014729 Rossmann-like_a/b/a_fold
IPR009080 tRNAsynth_Ia_anticodon-bd
IPR009008 Val/Leu/Ile-tRNA-synth_edit
IPR010663 Znf_FPG/IleRS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08264 Anticodon_1, 1 hit
PF00133 tRNA-synt_1, 1 hit
PF06827 zf-FPG_IleRS, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00984 TRNASYNTHILE
SUPFAMiSSF47323 SSF47323, 1 hit
SSF50677 SSF50677, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00392 ileS, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00178 AA_TRNA_LIGASE_I, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSYI_STAES
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8CSX1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 15, 2003
Last sequence update: March 1, 2003
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 115 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases
    List of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase entries
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