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Entry version 109 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Mar 2003)
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Protein

Oxygen-dependent choline dehydrogenase

Gene

betA

Organism
Staphylococcus epidermidis (strain ATCC 12228)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the biosynthesis of the osmoprotectant glycine betaine. Catalyzes the oxidation of choline to betaine aldehyde and betaine aldehyde to glycine betaine at the same rate.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

FADUniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: betaine biosynthesis via choline pathway

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes betaine aldehyde from choline (cytochrome c reductase route).UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Oxygen-dependent choline dehydrogenase (betA)
This subpathway is part of the pathway betaine biosynthesis via choline pathway, which is itself part of Amine and polyamine biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes betaine aldehyde from choline (cytochrome c reductase route), the pathway betaine biosynthesis via choline pathway and in Amine and polyamine biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei477Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi9 – 38FADUniRule annotationAdd BLAST30

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandFAD, Flavoprotein, NAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
SEPI176280:G1G05-2224-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00529;UER00385

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Oxygen-dependent choline dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.1.99.1UniRule annotation)
Short name:
CDHUniRule annotation
Short name:
CHDUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Betaine aldehyde dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.2.1.8UniRule annotation)
Short name:
BADHUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:betAUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:SE_2165
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiStaphylococcus epidermidis (strain ATCC 12228)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri176280 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesStaphylococcaceaeStaphylococcus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001411 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002056011 – 572Oxygen-dependent choline dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST572

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
176280.SE_2165

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the GMC oxidoreductase family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105CZ6 Bacteria
COG2303 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00108

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
QYHFLPI

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.50.50.60, 1 hit
4.10.450.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00750 Choline_dehydrogen, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011533 BetA
IPR036188 FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR027424 Glucose_Oxidase_domain_2
IPR012132 GMC_OxRdtase
IPR000172 GMC_OxRdtase_N
IPR007867 GMC_OxRtase_C

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF05199 GMC_oxred_C, 1 hit
PF00732 GMC_oxred_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000137 Alcohol_oxidase, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51905 SSF51905, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01810 betA, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00623 GMC_OXRED_1, 1 hit
PS00624 GMC_OXRED_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q8CMY2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MRRKRDSYDY VIIGGGSAGS VLGARLSEDK DKNVLVLEAG RSDYFWDLFI
60 70 80 90 100
QMPAALMFPS GNRFYDWEYQ TDEEPHMGRR VDHARGKVLG GSSSINGMIY
110 120 130 140 150
QRGNPMDYEG WAEPEGMDTW DFAHCLPYFK KLETTYGAAP YDKVRGHDGP
160 170 180 190 200
IKLKRGPATN PLFKSFFNAG VEAGYHKTAD VNGYRQEGFG PFDSQVHHGR
210 220 230 240 250
RMSASRAYLR PALRRRNLDV ETRAFVTKLI FDENNSKKVT GVTFKKNGKE
260 270 280 290 300
HTVHANEVIL SGGAFNTPQL LQLSGIGDSE FLKSKGIEPR MHLPGVGENF
310 320 330 340 350
EDHLEVYIQH KCKQPVSLQP SLDVKRMPFI GLQWIFARKG AAASNHFEGG
360 370 380 390 400
GFVRSNDDVD YPNLMFHFLP IAVRYDGQKA PVAHGYQVHV GPMYSNSRGS
410 420 430 440 450
LKIKSKDPFE KPSIVFNYLS TKEDEREWVE AIRVARNILK QKAMDPFNGG
460 470 480 490 500
EISPGPQVQT DEEILDWVRK DGETALHPSC SAKMGPASDP MAVVDPLTMK
510 520 530 540 550
VHGMENLRVV DASAMPRTTN GNIHAPVLML AEKAADIIRG RKPLEPQYVD
560 570
YYKHGIDDEK AGAMEDDPFY QY
Length:572
Mass (Da):64,261
Last modified:March 1, 2003 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i7264C59BDCF9072A
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

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DDBJi
Links Updated
AE015929 Genomic DNA Translation: AAO05807.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_765720.1, NC_004461.1
WP_001830593.1, NZ_VDPK01000015.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAO05807; AAO05807; SE_2165

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
1056313

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sep:SE2165

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|176280.10.peg.2115

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE015929 Genomic DNA Translation: AAO05807.1
RefSeqiNP_765720.1, NC_004461.1
WP_001830593.1, NZ_VDPK01000015.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi176280.SE_2165

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAO05807; AAO05807; SE_2165
GeneIDi1056313
KEGGisep:SE2165
PATRICifig|176280.10.peg.2115

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105CZ6 Bacteria
COG2303 LUCA
KOiK00108
OMAiQYHFLPI

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00529;UER00385
BioCyciSEPI176280:G1G05-2224-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.50.50.60, 1 hit
4.10.450.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00750 Choline_dehydrogen, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011533 BetA
IPR036188 FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR027424 Glucose_Oxidase_domain_2
IPR012132 GMC_OxRdtase
IPR000172 GMC_OxRdtase_N
IPR007867 GMC_OxRtase_C
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF05199 GMC_oxred_C, 1 hit
PF00732 GMC_oxred_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000137 Alcohol_oxidase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51905 SSF51905, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01810 betA, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00623 GMC_OXRED_1, 1 hit
PS00624 GMC_OXRED_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiBETA_STAES
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8CMY2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 16, 2004
Last sequence update: March 1, 2003
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 109 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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