Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 124 (13 Nov 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Mar 2003)
Previous versions | rss
Help videoAdd a publicationFeedback
Protein

Tryptophan 5-hydroxylase 2

Gene

Tph2

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Fe2+By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: serotonin biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes serotonin from L-tryptophan.
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Tryptophan 5-hydroxylase 1 (Tph1), Tryptophan 5-hydroxylase 2 (Tph2)
  2. no protein annotated in this organism
This subpathway is part of the pathway serotonin biosynthesis, which is itself part of Aromatic compound metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes serotonin from L-tryptophan, the pathway serotonin biosynthesis and in Aromatic compound metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi313IronBy similarity1
Metal bindingi318IronBy similarity1
Metal bindingi358IronBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionMonooxygenase, Oxidoreductase
Biological processSerotonin biosynthesis
LigandIron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
1.14.16.4 5301

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-209931 Serotonin and melatonin biosynthesis

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00846;UER00799

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tryptophan 5-hydroxylase 2 (EC:1.14.16.4)
Alternative name(s):
Neuronal tryptophan hydroxylase
Tryptophan 5-monooxygenase 2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Tph2
Synonyms:Ntph
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 7

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
631332 Tph2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL3286063

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002055761 – 485Tryptophan 5-hydroxylase 2Add BLAST485

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei19PhosphoserineCombined sources1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q8CGU9

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q8CGU9

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q8CGU9

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q8CGU9

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000003880 Expressed in 4 organ(s), highest expression level in testis

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q8CGU9, 1 interactor

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
Q8CGU9

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000005157

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
Q8CGU9

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q8CGU9

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini60 – 135ACTPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST76

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3820 Eukaryota
COG3186 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00950000182885

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000233373

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q8CGU9

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00502

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FSSKYWS

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
614557at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q8CGU9

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF313327

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd03346 eu_TrpOH, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.800.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002912 ACT_dom
IPR001273 ArAA_hydroxylase
IPR018301 ArAA_hydroxylase_Fe/CU_BS
IPR036951 ArAA_hydroxylase_sf
IPR036329 Aro-AA_hydroxylase_C_sf
IPR019774 Aromatic-AA_hydroxylase_C
IPR005963 Trp_5_mOase
IPR041904 TrpOH_cat
IPR019773 Tyrosine_3-monooxygenase-like

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11473 PTHR11473, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00351 Biopterin_H, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000336 TH, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00372 FYWHYDRXLASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56534 SSF56534, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01270 Trp_5_monoox, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51671 ACT, 1 hit
PS00367 BH4_AAA_HYDROXYL_1, 1 hit
PS51410 BH4_AAA_HYDROXYL_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q8CGU9-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQPAMMMFSS KYWARRGLSL DSAVPEEHQI LGGLTQNKAT ASKSEDKRSG
60 70 80 90 100
KDTSESSKTA VVFSLKNEVG GLVRALRLFQ EKHVNMLHIE SRRSRRRSSE
110 120 130 140 150
VEIFVDCECG KTEFNELIQL LKFQTTIVTL NPPDNIWTEE EELEDVPWFP
160 170 180 190 200
RKISELDRCS HRVLMYGTEL DADHPGFKDN VYRQRRKYFV DVAMGYKYGQ
210 220 230 240 250
PIPRVEYTEE ETKTWGVVFR ELSKLYPTHA CREYLKNFPL LTKYCGYRED
260 270 280 290 300
NVPQLEDVSM FLKERSGFTV RPVAGYLSPR DFLAGLAYRV FHCTQYVRHG
310 320 330 340 350
SDPLYTPEPD TCHELLGHVP LLADPKFAQF SQEIGLASLG ASDEDVQKLA
360 370 380 390 400
TCYFFTIEFG LCKQEGQLRA YGAGLLSSIG ELKHALSDKA CVKAFDPKTT
410 420 430 440 450
CLQECLITTF QDAYFVSESF EEAKEKMRDF AKSITRPFSV YFNPYTQSIE
460 470 480
ILKDTRSIEN VVQDLRSDLN TVCDALNKMN QYLGI
Length:485
Mass (Da):55,621
Last modified:March 1, 2003 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC859B87C04BE743D
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY098915 mRNA Translation: AAM28947.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_776211.1, NM_173839.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000005157; ENSRNOP00000005157; ENSRNOG00000003880

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
317675

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:317675

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:631332 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY098915 mRNA Translation: AAM28947.1
RefSeqiNP_776211.1, NM_173839.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ8CGU9
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ8CGU9, 1 interactor
MINTiQ8CGU9
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000005157

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ8CGU9
ChEMBLiCHEMBL3286063

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ8CGU9
PhosphoSitePlusiQ8CGU9

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ8CGU9
PRIDEiQ8CGU9

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000005157; ENSRNOP00000005157; ENSRNOG00000003880
GeneIDi317675
KEGGirno:317675
UCSCiRGD:631332 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
121278
RGDi631332 Tph2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3820 Eukaryota
COG3186 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00950000182885
HOGENOMiHOG000233373
InParanoidiQ8CGU9
KOiK00502
OMAiFSSKYWS
OrthoDBi614557at2759
PhylomeDBiQ8CGU9
TreeFamiTF313327

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00846;UER00799
BRENDAi1.14.16.4 5301
ReactomeiR-RNO-209931 Serotonin and melatonin biosynthesis

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q8CGU9

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000003880 Expressed in 4 organ(s), highest expression level in testis

Family and domain databases

CDDicd03346 eu_TrpOH, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.800.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002912 ACT_dom
IPR001273 ArAA_hydroxylase
IPR018301 ArAA_hydroxylase_Fe/CU_BS
IPR036951 ArAA_hydroxylase_sf
IPR036329 Aro-AA_hydroxylase_C_sf
IPR019774 Aromatic-AA_hydroxylase_C
IPR005963 Trp_5_mOase
IPR041904 TrpOH_cat
IPR019773 Tyrosine_3-monooxygenase-like
PANTHERiPTHR11473 PTHR11473, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00351 Biopterin_H, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000336 TH, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00372 FYWHYDRXLASE
SUPFAMiSSF56534 SSF56534, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01270 Trp_5_monoox, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51671 ACT, 1 hit
PS00367 BH4_AAA_HYDROXYL_1, 1 hit
PS51410 BH4_AAA_HYDROXYL_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTPH2_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q8CGU9
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 9, 2003
Last sequence update: March 1, 2003
Last modified: November 13, 2019
This is version 124 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again