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Entry version 161 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jun 2003)
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Protein

Malic enzyme

Gene

Menl-1

Organism
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+UniRule annotation, Mn2+UniRule annotationNote: Divalent metal cations. Prefers magnesium or manganese.UniRule annotation

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei133Proton donorUniRule annotation1
Active sitei205Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi277Divalent metal cationUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi278Divalent metal cationUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi301Divalent metal cationUniRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductaseUniRule annotationImported
LigandMetal-bindingUniRule annotation

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-DME-70268 Pyruvate metabolism
R-DME-71403 Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Malic enzymeUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Menl-1Imported
Synonyms:CG30097Imported, Dmel\CG7964Imported, Menl-2Imported
ORF Names:CG7964Imported, Dmel_CG7964Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDrosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7227 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaArthropodaHexapodaInsectaPterygotaNeopteraHolometabolaDipteraBrachyceraMuscomorphaEphydroideaDrosophilidaeDrosophilaSophophora
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000803 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2R

Organism-specific databases

Drosophila genome database

More...
FlyBasei
FBgn0029154 Menl-1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei327 – 345HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST19

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
FBgn0029154 Expressed in adult organism and 1 other tissue

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
7227.FBpp0291083

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q86NT5

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini110 – 292malicInterPro annotationAdd BLAST183
Domaini302 – 553Malic_MInterPro annotationAdd BLAST252

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni591 – 610DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST20

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the malic enzymes family.UniRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helixSequence analysis

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1257 Eukaryota
COG0281 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00950000183134

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_011405_5_0_1

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00029

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
AETWAYP

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.10380, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR015884 Malic_enzyme_CS
IPR012301 Malic_N_dom
IPR037062 Malic_N_dom_sf
IPR012302 Malic_NAD-bd
IPR001891 Malic_OxRdtase
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00390 malic, 1 hit
PF03949 Malic_M, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000106 ME, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00072 MALOXRDTASE

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01274 malic, 1 hit
SM00919 Malic_M, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00331 MALIC_ENZYMES, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q86NT5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSFFRLLNFG ITRGSSISKT HQSNCECSPN LIKIRPSSSH DTIRVPIEVV
60 70 80 90 100
FSDKCNKALA FTLEERQRLC IHGLMPACVR TYDEQMLAIE SNFHSFESNV
110 120 130 140 150
GRYRYLRALR QGYERLYFQF VSKNVHAVLP IIYTPTVGLA CTVYGMLYRG
160 170 180 190 200
MTGIHITKHD RGHMKQILSN WPMRRSVKAI CVTDGQRILG LGDLGANGMG
210 220 230 240 250
IAVGKMELYT ALAGIPPSML LPICLDVGTN NKSLHEDPLY IGLRDERLKG
260 270 280 290 300
DEYVCFVDEF MEAVVSTFGD QTLIHFEDFA TPNAFMFLNR YQHCYCHFND
310 320 330 340 350
DIQGTAAVGL GGLLGIQRIT KKPLEEHVIV FAGAGSAAMG IAYLLKMELM
360 370 380 390 400
SRGLSEADAA KNIYFYDQDG VLTTARKSIP DILCVFAKNM KETKSLETLV
410 420 430 440 450
EQVKPSIIMG ATSAPGLFTE KIIRTMAASH ERPGIFAFSN PTIKSECTAE
460 470 480 490 500
QAYKFSDGKA IYSAGSPFPP VEFNGKRLTP GQANNCFAFP ALVLATMTVL
510 520 530 540 550
ATRMPDEIFL LAAHELAEFP TNEEMQSGRI YPLVKQANEV AYKIGVKVAK
560 570 580 590 600
YLIENGYAKR NLEPEDVEEY IEKNSYKLTY GSSLAETWAY PKMKPHPSTA
610
GHENKHQKKK
Length:610
Mass (Da):68,064
Last modified:June 1, 2003 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC54F24782E9735D7
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE013599 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF58000.3
BT003651 mRNA Translation: AAO39655.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001027428.1, NM_001032257.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl metazoan genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblMetazoai
FBtr0301869; FBpp0291083; FBgn0029154

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
3772542

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
dme:Dmel_CG7964

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
CG7964-RA d. melanogaster

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE013599 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF58000.3
BT003651 mRNA Translation: AAO39655.1
RefSeqiNP_001027428.1, NM_001032257.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ86NT5
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi7227.FBpp0291083

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiFBtr0301869; FBpp0291083; FBgn0029154
GeneIDi3772542
KEGGidme:Dmel_CG7964
UCSCiCG7964-RA d. melanogaster

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
3772542
FlyBaseiFBgn0029154 Menl-1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1257 Eukaryota
COG0281 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00950000183134
HOGENOMiCLU_011405_5_0_1
KOiK00029
OMAiAETWAYP

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-DME-70268 Pyruvate metabolism
R-DME-71403 Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)

Miscellaneous databases

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
3772542

Gene expression databases

BgeeiFBgn0029154 Expressed in adult organism and 1 other tissue

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.10380, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR015884 Malic_enzyme_CS
IPR012301 Malic_N_dom
IPR037062 Malic_N_dom_sf
IPR012302 Malic_NAD-bd
IPR001891 Malic_OxRdtase
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00390 malic, 1 hit
PF03949 Malic_M, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000106 ME, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00072 MALOXRDTASE
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01274 malic, 1 hit
SM00919 Malic_M, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00331 MALIC_ENZYMES, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiQ86NT5_DROME
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q86NT5
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: June 1, 2003
Last sequence update: June 1, 2003
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 161 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteomeImported
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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